Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Genealogy

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Guide to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Lancaster
Organized: October 14, 1728
Parent County(s): Chester[1]
Neighboring Counties
Berks  • Chester  • Harford (MD)  • York  • Cecil (MD)  • Dauphin  • Lebanon
See County Maps
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Lancaster County PA Map.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Lancaster, Lancashire. It is located in the southeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Lancaster County Courthouse
50 N. Duke St.
P.O. Box 83480
Lancaster, PA 17608
Phone: 717-299-8275
Prothonotary: 717-299-8282
Register of Wills/Orphan's Court: 717-299-8242 or 717-299-8243
Clerk or Courts
Lancaster County Website

Register of Wills has birth records 1893-1905, marriage records from 1885, probate and court records from 1729
Prothonotary Court has records of Common Pleas court and divorce records
Clerk of Orphans Court has orphan court records
Recorder of Deeds has land records from 1729
Court of Common Pleas has death records 1894-1927[3]

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1893 1885 bef 1906 1729 1729 1729 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1906. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • Formed from Chester County 14 October 1728. [5]
  • County seat: Lancaster[6]
  • 14 October 1749: York County set off.
  • 14 October 1751: Berks County set off.
  • 27 January 1750: Cumberland County set off.
  • 21 March 1772: Northumberland County set off.
  • 16 October 1813: Lebanon County set off.

For animated maps illustrating Pennsylvania county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Pennsylvania County Boundary Maps" (1673-1878) may be viewed at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Some Biographies of Lancaster County courtesy

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Indentured Servants

  • Immigrant Servants Database hosted by Price Genealogy - Includes indentured/imported servants and transported convicts who served labor terms in Colonial York County, Pennsylvania.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Pennsylvania Cemeteries for more information


Additional Cemetery Resources

  • Cemeteries of Lancaster County in Adamstown & Akron Boroughs and Bart, Brecknock, & Caernarvon Townships. Lists of cemeteries, some with lists of burials

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 36,081
1800 43,403 20.3%
1810 53,927 24.2%
1820 68,336 26.7%
1830 76,631 12.1%
1840 84,203 9.9%
1850 98,944 17.5%
1860 116,314 17.6%
1870 121,340 4.3%
1880 139,447 14.9%
1890 149,095 6.9%
1900 159,241 6.8%
1910 167,029 4.9%
1920 173,797 4.1%
1930 196,882 13.3%
1940 212,504 7.9%
1950 234,717 10.5%
1960 278,359 18.6%
1970 319,693 14.8%
1980 362,346 13.3%
1990 422,822 16.7%
2000 470,658 11.3%
2010 519,445 10.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. For members, they may contain: age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage date and maiden name; death/burial date. For general information about Pennsylvania denominations, see Pennsylvania Church Records.

County-wide Database - Multi-denominational

Lancaster County Pennsylvania Churches
Contains the church records of:
  • Columbia: Presbyterian Church; United Church of Christ
  • Eden: Mount Hope United Methodist Church
  • Ephrata: Bethany United Church of Christ
  • Lancaster: First Presbyterian Church; Salem United Church of Christ; St. John's Episcopal Church
  • Leacock: Christ Episcopal Church
  • Lititz: St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Maytown: St. John's Lutheran Church
  • Millersville: St. Paul Lutheran Church
  • Mohnton: Swamp Lutheran Church
  • Reamstown: Salem Lutheran Church
  • Rohrerstown: Trinity Lutheran Church
  • Rothsville: Jerusalem Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • 1723-1800 Humphrey, John T. Pennsylvania Births, Lancaster County, 1723-1800 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Humphrey Publications, 1997. FHL Book 974.815 K2h.
Contains records from the following churches: Sadsbury Monthly Meeting, Sadsbury Township; Little Britain Monthly Meeting, Little Britain Township; St. James' Protestant Episcopal Church, Lancaster; Muddy Creek Lutheran Church, East Cocalico Township; Emanuel Lutheran Church, Elizabeth Township, also called Old Warwick Lutheran Church; Holy Trinity Lutheran Church, Lancaster; Moravian Church, Lancaster; First Reformed Church, Lancaster; Trinity Lutheran Church, New Holland; St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, Lancaster; Zion Lutheran Church, Manheim; Muddy Creek Reformed Church, East Cocalico Township; Bangor Protestant Episcopal Church, Caenarfon [sic] Township; Bergstrasse Lutheran Church, Ephrata Township; Records of Rev. John Waldschmidt; Records of Rev. John Cuthbertson; Records of Rev. Traugott Frederick Illing; Christ Lutheran Church, Elizabethtown; St. Michael's Lutheran Church, Strasburg; Swamp Reformed Church, West Cocalico Township; Zion Reformed Church, Elizabeth Township, also known as Reyer's Reformed Church; Blasser Reformed Church, West Donegal Township; White Oak Lutheran and Reformed churches, Penn Township; Zeltenreich/Seltenreich Reformed Church, Earl Township; Maytown Reformed Church, East Donegal Township; St. Paul's Reformed Church, Manheim; Pequea Reformed, Strasburg Township; Maytown Lutheran Church, East Donegal Township; Cocalico Reformed Church, Ephrata; Records of Rev. John Casper Stoever, Jr.; Moravian Church, Lititz.

Lancaster County had one of the largest Mennonite and Amish populations in Pennsylvania in the 1800s.


  • 1787-1804 St. Mary's Catholic Church, Lancaster, PA Marriages, Baptisms, Burials 1787-1804 at PAGenWeb

Church of the Brethren

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Blue Ridge District of the Eastern States Mission comprised church members living in southeastern Pennsylvania. District headquarters were in Lancaster, with branches located in Bucks, Fulton, Lancaster, and York counties.

Ephrata Community

  • 1728-1853 Sachse, Julius F. "The Registers of the Ephrata Community," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Burials 1728-1853: Vol. 14 (1890):297-312, Burials 1730s-1813: 387-402. For online access, see WeRelate. Also available on the Church of the Brethren Network website.


St. James's Church, Lancaster

Registers begin in 1755.[8]

  • 1755-1759 Private Marriage Register of Rev. Thomas Barton, in York County, Pennsylvania in "Private Church Registers to 1800, York County, Pennsylvania" at Ancestry ($).
  • 1755-1756, 1783-1796 St. James Church, Lancaster, Baptism Index 1755-1756 and 1783-1796 in International Genealogical Index at FamilySearch. Batch C507311

St. John's Church, Pequea

Registers are lost, but some parishioners appear in the registers of St. James's Church, Lancaster.[8]

St. Thomas's Church, Caernarvon

Registers are lost, but some parishioners appear in the registers of St. James's Church, Lancaster.[8]

Bangor Church, Caernarvon

Registers are lost, but some parishioners appear in the registers of St. James's Church, Lancaster. An old trunk was discovered at Bangor Church with "sundry account-books and ancient title-deeds."[8]


Salem Church of the Evangelical Association, Lancaster

Trinity Church, Lititz

Evangelical Lutheran

Rev. John Casper Stoever's Records, 1730-1779:

Book: Records of Rev. John Casper Stoever, Baptismal and Marriage, 1730-1779. (Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Pub.,1896). Digital version: Internet Archive.
- Rev. John Casper Stoever’s Baptisms in Alphabetical Order
- Marriage Records of Rev. John Casper Stoever with all 1,429 marriages compiled by Mildred Smith (Lancaster County Genealogy Project).

Augustus Evangelical Lutheran Church, New Providence

Bergstrasse Evangelical Lutheran Church, Ephrata Township

Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church, Elizabethtown


  • Weiser, Frederick Sheely. Parochial Registers for Lutheran Congregations in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1729-1960: A Guide to Genealogical Resources in the Parish Records of Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, As Well As to Translations and Copies in Print in Public Institutions Lancaster, Pa.: unknown, 1961. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Cocalico Evangelisch Luttnusche

Evangelical Church, Lutheran County

Evangelical Lutheran Congregation, Mount Joy

Swamp Lutheran Church, Reinholds

Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, New Holland

White Oaks Lutheran and Reformed Church, Penn Township

Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church, Manheim

Lancaster County had one of the largest Mennonite and Amish populations in Pennsylvania in the 1800s.

The first Scotch-Irish settlement in Lancaster County was made at Chickies Creek in 1714. Donegal Presbyterian Church was built there shortly thereafter. Pequea Presbyterian Church, constructed at another early Scotch-Irish settlement, was built in 1724.[9]

Paxtang Church and Derry Church were both organized in 1729.

  • 1741-1810 Marriage Record of Paxtang and Derry Churches, 1741-1810 (Pennsylvania Archives, Series 2, Vol. 8, Part 10) at Ancestry ($); Google Books

The Hanover Presbyterian Church was built in 1736 in a Scotch-Irish settlement. This ground later fell within the bounds of Dauphin County and still later Lebanon County after those counties split off.[10]

Cedar Grove Presbyterian Church, East Earl

Middle Octorara Presbyterian Church, Quarryville

Seltenreich Presbyterian Church


  • 1800s-1900s Pennsylvania Quaker Records: Warrington, York County, Little Brittain, Lancaster County, Centre, Centre County, West Branch, Clearfield County, Dunnings Creek, Bedford County n.p. Digital versions at Ancestry ($); Internet Archive


First Reformed Church, Lancaster

Keller's Reformed Church, Cocalico

Muddy Creek Reformed Church, East Cocalico Township

Reformed Church of Cocalico

Reformed Church of Maytown

  • 1774-1819 - Transcript of baptismal record of the Reformed Church of Maytown, Lancaster County, 1765 (1774)-1819. Typescript held at the Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Zion's Reformed Church, Brickerville

Roman Catholic

St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

For information about records kept in the Orphan's court, Prothonotary Court, Court of Common Pleas, and other courts in counties of Pennsylvania, visit the Pennsylvania Court Records Wiki page.

Office of Prothonotary
Katherine Wood-Jacobs – Prothonotary
50 N. Duke St
P.O. Box 83480
Lancaster, PA 17608-3480
Phone: 717-299-8282
Fax: 717-293-7210

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

For online resources, passenger lists, and specific groups coming to Pennsylvania, see Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration.

Shirk, Willis L., Jr. "Assimilating into the Amerian Milieu: French Huguenots in Eighteenth Century Lancaster County", Lancaster Historical Society Journal, 95:3, 74.

Indentured Servants

  • Immigrant Servants Database hosted by Price Genealogy - Includes indentured/imported servants and transported convicts who served labor terms in Colonial York County, Pennsylvania.

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

For groups that came, see People section of the Pennsylvania Emigration page.

African American[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

The Orphan's Court ensures the best interests of those not capable of handling their own affairs: minors, incapacitated persons, decedents' estates, and more.[11]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a specific location and reveal family relationships. Records include: deeds, abstracts, indexes, mortgages, leases, grants, sheriff sales, land patents, maps and more. For more information, see Pennsylvania Land and Property.

Land records in Lancaster County began in 1728. These records are filed with the Recorder of Deeds office in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Landowner Maps

  • MacInnes, Sharon Cook and Angus MacInnes. Early Landowners of Pennsylvania: Atlas of Township Warrantee Maps of Lancaster County, PA Apollo, Pennsylvania: Closson Press, 2008. FHL book 974.815 E7ms
  • Gilbert, Geri. The Warrant Maps of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania: Including an Every-name IndexMorgantown, Pennsylvania: Masthof Press, 2005. FHL Q book 974.815 R2g

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Media:Lancaster county pennsylvania townships.pngLancaster county pennsylvania townships.png
About this image

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

York CountyDauphin CountyLebanon CountyBerks CountyChester CountyCecil CountyHarford CountyPA LANCASTER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War
In 1756, Colonel Armstrong recruited many Scotch-Irish men from Lancaster County. They attacked and destroyed the Indian village at Kittanning (present-day Armstrong County).[12]

Colonel Henry Bouquet led a group of Scotch-Irish men from Lancaster County to rescue Fort Pitt. They decisively defeated the Indians at the Battle of Bushy Run.

Reverend John Elder, pastor of Derry and Paxtang churches, recruited Scotch-Irish rangers from his congregation in Lancaster County. Known as the Paxton Rangers or Paxton Boys, they provided security for white settlements between the Blue Mountains and the Susquehanna River. They are remembered for playing a prominent role in Pontiac's War.

Revolutionary War
Local men served in the Lancaster County Militia. A guide at the Pennsylvania State Archives website identifies townships where specific companies recruited soldiers, see Revolutionary War Militia Battalions and Companies, Arranged by County.

Lancaster County men also served in the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment,[13]. Digital version at Family History Archive, the 5th Pennsylvania Regiment, and the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment.[14]

Civil War
Pennsylvania Volunteers of the Civil War lists Lancaster County Pennsylvania Soldiers in the Civil War - Civil War Books, Rosters, Medal of Honor Recipients, and Soldier Biographies.

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Naturalization records can contain information about immigration and nativity. Prior to 1906, it is rare to find the town of origin in naturalization records. For more information, see Pennsylvania Naturalization

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Newspapers may contain obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings. Newspapers are often found in local or university libraries, historical or genealogical societies, or state archives in the area where the newspaper was published. See Pennsylvania Newspapers for more information.

Newspaper Collections

Father Abraham 6/12/1868-4/29/1870; 10/25/1872-12/13/1872
Lancaster Intelligencer 12/28/1847-12/27/1871

Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts

Newspapers of Lancaster County

Online Newspapers

  • Lancaster Intelligencer 1833-1852
  • Marietta Register 1883-1890
  • Mariettian 1858-1860
  • Marietta Advocate and Farmers' and Mechanic's Intelligencer 1833-1835
  • Marietta Pioneer 9/1827-9/1828
  • Pioneer (Marietta) 9/26/1828-1/8/1830

The Lancaster County Digitization Project is a consortium of institutions interested in digitizing the county's newspaper and manuscript collections. Several Lancaster county newspapers are provided in digital format through this and other collaborative efforts.

  • Lancaster Examiner and Herald 1834-72
  • The Columbia Spy 1830-89
  • The Intelligencer Journal 1848-71
  • The Lancaster Farmer 1869-84
  • The New Holland Clarion 1873-1950

Online Newspaper Abstracts

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Obituaries are generally found in local newspapers where the person died or where family members lived. Local libraries or societies may have indexes or other sources.

Online Obituary Abstracts

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate matters in Lancaster County are handled by the Orphans' Court and start when the county was created.

In addition to wills and administrations, the Orphans' Court also handles: audits of accounts of executors, administrators, trustees, and guardians; distribution of estates; appointments of guardians; adoptions; appeals from the Register of Wills; inheritance tax appeals, and various petitions and motions.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

The Salt Lake City Family History Library has microfilmed many Lancaster County taxation records, and they are available in Salt Lake City and can be accessed in its satellite Introduction to Family History Centers.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records are handled by the County Orphans' Court. Between the years 1852-1855 Pennsylvania made a failed attempt to record birth, marriage and death events at the county level. County marriage records were kept in earnest in 1885. Births and deaths, at the county level, were begun in 1893 and kept through 1905. For the most complete set of records, contact the County Orphans' Court.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Early births 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. For more information, see Pennsylvania Vital Records. Old birth records for Lancaster County from 1881 through 1906 are kept by the Register of Wills.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Pennsylvania marriages were created by county officials. Contact Lancaster County Courthouse

Pennsylvania marriages are located at the county level. Contact the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania clerk's office for marriage records from 2004 to the present. It is best to contact the Lancaster County Archives for marriage records prior to 2004.

Death[edit | edit source]

Early deaths 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. For indexes and records, 1906 and later, see Pennsylvania Vital Records.

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Divorce records are available through the office of the Prothonotary.

  • 1851-1997 Divorce Records, online index (select Index Book Search)

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Montour County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries.

National Archives at Philadelphia
14700 Townsend Road
Philadelphia, PA 19154-1096
Phone: 215-305-2044
Fax: 215-305-2052

Lancaster County Archives
150 North Queen Street, Suite 10
Lancaster, PA 17603
Phone: 717-299-8319
Fax: 717-735-9606
The archives has historic records, such as wills and deeds from the beginning of the county in 1729.

Evangelical and Reformed Historical Society (ERHS)] and United Church of Christ Archives (UCC)
555 W. James Street
Lancaster, PA 17603
Phone: 717-290-8734
Philip Schaff Library Website
This site has church records and family histories formerly housed at the Franklin and Marshall College Library.

Bethel Harambee Historical Services
Hopkins Study Center
Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church
450-512 East Strawberry
Lancaster, PA 17602-4449
Phone: 717-393-8379
Has historical documents relating to African American history.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Lancaster County. For state-wide library facilities, see Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries.

Franklin and Marshall College Library
Archives and Special Collections
450 College Ave
P.O. Box 3003
Lancaster, PA 17604
Phone: 717-291-4223
Has some genealogical data about College faculty, students and administrators only. All church records and family histories were moved to the Lancaster Theological Seminary in 1967.

Lancaster County Library
125 North Duke St
Lancaster, PA 17602
Phone: 717-394-2651

Winters Heritage House Museum
Seibert Genealogy Library and Research Center
Elizabethtown Preservation Associates, Inc.
P.O. Box 14
41-47 East High Street
Elizabethtown, PA 17022
Phone: 717-367-4672
Fax: 717-367-9991
The library has historical and family records, maps, photographs, etc. Call ahead to make an appointment with a research librarian. The museum has three original log structures dating from 1750-1847, and a brick house dating to 1877.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Amish Farm and House
2395 Lincoln Highway East (Covered Bridge Drive)
Lancaster, PA 17602
Phone: 717-394-6185
Fax: 717-394-4857

Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania
Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania
300 Gap Road
P.O. Box 15
Strasburg, PA 17579
Phone: 717-687-8628
The Museum has thousands of historic books and magazines about railroads plus a large collection of photographs, maps, and manuscripts.

Ephrata Cloister
632 West Main Street
Ephrata, PA 17522
Phone: 717-733-6600
The cloister has a small research library that is open weekdays by appointment only. Limited genealogical materials are available. "The staff is unable to answer genealogical queries, but can provide some advice on available sources." The Cloister is one of 26 historic sites and museums on the Pennsylvania Trail of History.

Winters Heritage House Museum
Elizabethtown Preservation Associates of Winters Heritage House Museum
41-47 East High Street
P.O. Box 14
Elizabethtown, PA 17022
Phone: 717-367-4672
Fax: 717-367-9991

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Lancaster County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Pennsylvania Societies.

Lancaster County's Historical Society and President James Buchanan's Wheatland
230 North President Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17603
Phone: 717-392-4633
Fax: 717-293-2739

Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society
2215 Millstream Rd
Lancaster, PA 17602-1499
Phone: 717-393-9745
Fax: 717-393-8751

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • The Lancaster County PA GenWeb Project, has numerous maps, church records, local histories, family histories, and other genealogical and historical information for Lancaster county.
  • FamilyHart Online Database This is an online family database containing over 843,000 records, mostly of Pennsylvania Dutch Extraction. Many of the families are from Lancaster County. This database adds 1,500 names per week which is updated online every quarter. It is the most comprehensive family database online for Pennsylvania Dutch families.
  • Pennsylvania Dutch Family History, Genealogy, Culture and Life This site contains links to everything Pennsylvania Dutch with a large concentration in Lancaster County.
  • Lancaster County PA Genealogy
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2.,_Pennsylvania accessed 2/12/2017
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002) Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, p.590
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Lancaster County, Pennsylvania," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Pennsylvania, accessed 24 January 2020.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Philip Syng Physick Conner,"Registers of the Anglican Church in Pennsylvania prior to 1800," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 12 (1888):341-349. For online access, see WeRelate.
  9. Wayland F. Dunaway, The Scotch-Irish of Colonial Pennsylvania (Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1944), 52. Free digital version at PA's Past: Digital Bookshelf at Penn State.
  10. Wayland F. Dunaway, The Scotch-Irish of Colonial Pennsylvania (Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1944), 53-54. Free digital version at PA's Past: Digital Bookshelf at Penn State.
  11. The Philadelphia Courts at Common Pleas accessed 10 July 2012
  12. Wayland F. Dunaway, The Scotch-Irish of Colonial Pennsylvania (Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1944), 150-154. Free digital version at PA's Past: Digital Bookshelf at Penn State.
  13. John B.B. Trussell and Charles C. Dallas, The Pennsylvania Line; Regimental Organization and Operations, 1776-1783 (Harrisburg, Pa.: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1977)
  14. Wikipedia contributors, "9th Pennsylvania Regiment,", accessed 31 May 2012.
  15. Our thanks to FamilyHart at PAGenWeb for this link.
  16. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  17. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at