Knox County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Knox County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Mount Vernon
Organized: March 1, 1808[1]
Parent County(s): Fairfield[2]
Neighboring Counties
Richland  • Ashland  • Holmes  • Coshocton  • Licking  • Delaware  • Morrow
See County Maps
Knox County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH knox.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for General Henry Knox (1750-1806), Revolutionary War hero, and the nation's first Secretary of War. It is located in the central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Knox County Courthouse
117 E High St, Suite B147
Mount Vernon, OH 43050
Phone: 740-397-4023
Knox County Website

County Health Department has birth records from 1908, death and burial records;
Probate Judge has marriage records from 1803 and probate records;
Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1810;
County Records has land records[4]

Knox County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1803 1867 1810 1808 1808 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1779 The first white man known to have passed through this area was John Stilly, a white captive of a native tribe.
  • Pre 1809 The "frontier character" Andrew Craig is believed to be the first permanent white settler—arriving before Ohio became a state and remaining until it became "too crowded" about 1809.[9]
  • 1800-1808 The first settlers who remained in the area were mostly from Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Many of these earliest settlers arrived between 1800-1808, attracted by inexpensive, but fertile, military land.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Knox County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 2,149
1820 8,326 287.4%
1830 17,085 105.2%
1840 29,579 73.1%
1850 28,872 −2.4%
1860 27,735 −3.9%
1870 26,333 −5.1%
1880 27,431 4.2%
1890 27,600 0.6%
1900 27,768 0.6%
1910 30,181 8.7%
1920 29,580 −2.0%
1930 29,338 −0.8%
1940 31,024 5.7%
1950 35,287 13.7%
1960 38,808 10.0%
1970 41,795 7.7%
1980 46,304 10.8%
1990 47,473 2.5%
2000 54,500 14.8%
2010 60,921 11.8%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Henry Knox.JPG

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Richland CountyAshland CountyHolmes CountyCoshocton CountyLicking CountyDelaware CountyMorrow CountyOH KNOX.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Knox County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Knox County.

- 30th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company A [10]
- 4th Regiment, Ohio Infantry (3 months, 1861), Company A (also known as Knox County Guards) and Company B (also known as Union Guards).
For information about these companies, such as muster-out rolls, see, History of Knox County, Ohio, its past and present, containing a condensed, comprehensive history of Ohio, including an outline history of the Northwest; a complete history of Knox County... a record of its soldiers in the late war; portraits of its early settlers and prominent men... biographies and histories of pioneer families, etc. Compiled by Hill, N. N. (Norman Newell). 1881. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library; Archive
- 96th Regiment, Ohio Infantry
Company A, roster
Company B, roster
-106th Regiment, Company D
-125th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company F

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Knox County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Knox County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Knox County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Knox County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Centerburg Public Library
49 E Main St
P.O. Box 609
Centerburg, OH 43011

Public Library of Mt Vernon and Knox County
201 N Mulberry St
Mt. Vernon, OH 43050-2413

Museums[edit | edit source]

Knox County Historical Society Museum
P.O. Box 522
875 Harcourt Rd
Mount Vernon, OH 43050

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Knox County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Knox County Genealogical Society
Chapter of OGS
PO Box 1098
Mt Vernon, OH 43040
114-A E Gambier St
Mt Vernon, OH 43050

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ‘’Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries;’’ Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Knox County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/17/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. ‘’Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries;’’ Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Knox County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 20 December 2018.
  9. A. Banning Norton. A History of Knox County, Ohio, from 1779 to 1862 Inclusive. Columbus: Richard Nevins, Printer (1862)
  10. Norman Newell Hill, History of Knox County, Ohio, its past and present (Tucson, Ariz: W.C. & Cox Co., 1974). p. 305