Kay County, Oklahoma Genealogy

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Guide to Kay County, Oklahoma ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Newkirk
Organized: 1893
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Cowley (KS)  • Garfield  • Grant  • Noble  • Osage  • Sumner (KS)
See County Maps
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

It is the only Oklahoma county keep its original territorial name. It is located in the north central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Kay County Courthouse
201 S. Main
P.O. Box 450
Newkirk, Oklahoma 74647
Phone: 580.362.2537

Clerk Court has marriage, divorce, probate and court records from 1893; County Clerk has land records from 1983[1]

Kay County, Oklahoma Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1908 1893 1908 1893 1893 1893 1860
*Statewide registration for births and deaths in 1908. General compliance by 1930.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Land Records
Deed Index Grantee Record Book (1901-1910).[4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Kay County, Oklahoma online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Oklahoma Cemeteries for more information


Chilocco Indian School Cemetery

Kay County Cemeteries listed on Find-A-Grave

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 22,530
1910 26,999 19.8%
1920 34,907 29.3%
1930 50,186 43.8%
1940 47,084 −6.2%
1950 48,892 3.8%
1960 51,042 4.4%
1970 48,791 −4.4%
1980 49,852 2.2%
1990 48,056 −3.6%
2000 48,080 0.0%
2010 46,562 −3.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Federal Censuses were taken for Oklahoma starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Oklahoma Census. 1890 Oklahoma Territorial Census Search at the Oklahoma Historical Society Website

Dawes Rolls Search at the Oklahoma Historical Society Website

State Census Records

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Oklahoma denominations, view the Oklahoma Church Records Wiki page.

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Blackwell

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Kay County Clerk’s Office
P.O. Box 450
Newkirk, OK 74647
Main Phone Line: 1-580-362-2537
Toll Free Line: 1-888-567-4611
Available Records: Miscellaneous records (such as petitions to incorporate cities/towns, election returns for 1902, etc.) court judgments, mechanic and materialmens liens, physicians and hospital liens, and UCC filings.

On Demand Court Records – Search for Kay County court records online. Provides basic case information but no digital images are available.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Oklahoma State Historical Society has Smith's First Directory of Oklahoma Territory for the Year Commencing August 1, 1890, which provides information about the population of early Oklahoma. This transcribed index contains over 17,000 names.[7] To search: Smith's First Directory of Oklahoma Territory.

1941-1942 Kay County Atlas on the Pioneer Genealogical Society Website

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

American Indians[edit | edit source]



Land and Property

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Oklahoma Land and Property for additional information about early Oklahoma land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Kay County land records began in 1893 with the original patents from the Oklahoma Land Run. Recordings have been kept daily since the Land Run, and are current to date.[8]

Kay County Clerk’s Office Oklahoma Public Land Records Search - The data for Kay County is available from August 1995 to present. This will give you the grantor and grantee’s names, case number, the date of the instrument and the date of filing, the type of document, book and page number where the filing is recorded and often the legal description of the property. Digital images or prints from this system require a fee. A variety of subscription levels are available as well as solutions for one time access. Bureau of Land Management Land Records Search Oklahoma Historical Society Land Records Resources

Online Land Records

For more information see Oklahoma Land and Property

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Kay County, Oklahoma Genealogy. County and town histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Oklahoma Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Sumner CountyCowley CountyGrant CountyGarfield CountyNoble CountyPawnee CountyOsage CountyOK KAY (1).PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Military discharge records begin in 1917 Oklahoma Historical Society Military Records Resources

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

World War I[edit | edit source]

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Oklahoma Newspapers Online

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Kay County, Oklahoma Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Oklahoma, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Oklahoma - Kay - Probate records.

Online Records

Although Oklahoma did not become a state until 1907, some Oklahoma Territorial and Indian Territorial probate records were kept at a county level beginning in 1893. Records are available from 1893 until present day.[9]

School Records[edit | edit source]

Available Records: School records are available beginning in 1897. In 1897 Kay County had 88 school districts, compared to the present nine.[10]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Oklahoma tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1908 in Oklahoma. Births records created 125 years ago and earlier and death records created 50 years ago and earlier are considered open records and can be obtained by qualifying individuals. See Oklahoma State Department of Health’s website for more information.

Copies of marriages can be obtained from the county clerk.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Records Indexes and Images

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Although Oklahoma did not become a state until 1907, some Oklahoma Territorial and Indian Territorial records were kept beginning about 1890. The marriage bonds, affidavits, licenses and certificates were kept at a county level, by or when the county was formed. However, one must keep in mind that these territorial marriages were sometimes not registered at all or they were registered at the county courthouses in adjoining states such as Arkansas, Kansas or Texas.[11]

The county began recording marriages at this time. Records are available from 1893 until present day and are in the form of scanned images of the original marriage registers. The county continues to hold all of the recorded marriage documents and none have been lost or destroyed by any manner. No official records are located offsite.[12]

Online Marriage Records Indexes and Images

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Records Indexes and Images

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Online Divorce Records Indexes and Images

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Kay County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Oklahoma Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Kay County. For state-wide library facilities, see Oklahoma Archives and Libraries.

  • Blackwell Public Library
    123 W. Padon
    Blackwell, OK 74647
    Phone: 580-363-1809
  • J.A. Walker Memorial Library
    900 Morgan Square
    Kaw City, OK 74641
    Phone: 580-269-1317
  • Newkirk Public Library
    116 N. Maple Ave.
    Newkirk, OK 74647
    Phone: 580-362-3934
  • Ponca City Library
    515 E. Grand
    Ponca City, OK 74601
    Phone: 580-767-0345
  • Tonkawa Public Library
    216 N. 7th
    Tonkawa, OK 74653
    Phone: 580-628-3366
  • Arkansas City Public Library
    120 E. 5th Avenue
    Arkansas City, KS 67005
    Phone: 620-442-1280
    Email: arkcitypl@acpl.org

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Kay County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Oklahoma Societies.

Pioneer Genealogical Society
PO Box 1965
Genealogy Room of the Ponca City Public Library
515 East Grand
Ponca City, OK 74602
Email: queries@pgsok.org

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Oklahoma. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. http://genealogytrails.com/oka/kay/ accessed 09/29/2016
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Kay County, Oklahoma. Page 557-563 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 550-552.
  4. Kay County Clerk’s Office, Newkirk, Oklahoma [(E-ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE),] to Wiki Editor, e-mail, 31 August 2011, "Records Information"; privately held by Wiki Editor [(E-ADDRESS), STREET ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE], Arkansas City, Kansas, 2011.
  5. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, editor, FamilySearch Oklahoma Research Outline; PDF download (http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/US/Oklahoma.pdf : downloaded 21 January 2011), np.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Kay County, Oklahoma," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kay_County,_Oklahoma, accessed 3 January 2019.
  7. Oklahoma Historical Society, Smith's First Directory of Oklahoma Territory For the Year Commencing August 1, 1890, transcription database, Smith's Index (https://www.okhistory.org/research/smiths : accessed 10 January 2019).
  8. Kay County Clerk’s Office to Wiki Editor, e-mail, 31 August 2011.
  9. Kay County District Court Clerk’s Office, Newkirk, Oklahoma [(E-ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE),] to Wiki Editor, e-mail, 1 April 2011, "Probate Records"; privately held by Wiki Editor[(E-ADDRESS), STREET ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE], Arkansas City, Kansas, 2011.
  10. Kay County, Oklahoma, Kay County Clerk Homepage, responsibilities and records (https://www.courthouse.kay.ok.us/165/County-Clerkl: accessed 16 Sep 2020), citing school records entry.
  11. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, editor, FamilySearch Oklahoma Research Outline; PDF download(http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/US/Oklahoma.pdf : downloaded 21 January 2011), 11-12.
  12. Kay County Clerk’s Office, Newkirk, Oklahoma [(E-ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE),] to Wiki Editor, e-mail, 12 January 2011, "Marriage Records"; privately held by Wiki Editor [(E-ADDRESS), STREET ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE], Arkansas City, Kansas, 2011.