Juniata County, Pennsylvania Genealogy

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Guide to Juniata County, Pennsylvania ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Mifflintown
Organized: March 2, 1831
Parent County(s): Mifflin[1]
Neighboring Counties
Mifflin  • Perry  • Huntingdon  • Snyder  • Franklin
See County Maps
Juniata County, Pennsylvania Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Juniata County PA Map.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for the Juniata River. The county is located in the central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Juniata County Courthouse
Bridge and Main Streets
P.O. Box 68
Mifflintown, PA 17059
Prothonotary/Clerk of Courts Phone: 717-436-7715 Email: lferry@juniataco.org
Orphans' Court/Register of Wills Phone: 717-436-7709 Email: aseigler@juniataco.org
Juniata County Website

County Clerk has birth and death records 1893-1907, marriage records from 1885, divorce records from 1900, probate, court and land records from 1831 and naturalizations from early 1800s to 1930[3]

Juniata County, Pennsylvania Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1893 1885 1893 1831 1831 1831 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1906. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • Formed from Mifflin County 2 March 1831. [5]
  • County seat: Mifflintown[6]

For animated maps illustrating Pennsylvania county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Pennsylvania County Boundary Maps" (1673-1878) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Juniata County, Pennsylvania online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Pennsylvania Cemeteries for more information


Additional Cemetery Resources

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Federal Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 11,080
1850 13,029 17.6%
1860 16,986 30.4%
1870 17,390 2.4%
1880 18,227 4.8%
1890 16,655 −8.6%
1900 16,054 −3.6%
1910 15,013 −6.5%
1920 14,464 −3.7%
1930 14,325 −1.0%
1940 15,373 7.3%
1950 15,243 −0.8%
1960 15,874 4.1%
1970 16,712 5.3%
1980 19,188 14.8%
1990 20,625 7.5%
2000 22,821 10.6%
2010 24,636 8.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. For members, they may contain: age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage date and maiden name; death/burial date. For general information about Pennsylvania denominations, see Pennsylvania Church Records.

Juniata county pennsylvania churches.png

County-wide Database – Multi-denominational

Contains the church records of Port Royal United Methodist Church.

The Baptist church in Spruce Hill Township was established in 1794 in Milford Township.

The German Lutheran congregation of Tuscarora Valley built their first church in 1803, with an attending grave yard, called the Church Hill Cemetery. A new cemetery, opened in 1906 stands across the street.[8]


The earliest church in Juniata county was the Cedar Spring Presbyterian, built in 1763 in Walker Township. Other early Presbyterian churches included one in Lack Township (pre-1766) where the graveyard and stones were still standing in 1936.

The congregation at Academia, called the Lower Tuscarora, was established in 1766, with several different buildings housing the congregation. They joined with the Middle Tuscarora congregation in 1801. Port Royal was also part of this congregation. In 1850 they joined with the Lost Creek congregation from McAlisterville. Lost Creek was established in about 1799. The graveyard for this church holds many of the area's earlier settlers. In 1934 this congregation was still active.[9]

Mifflintown and Lost Creek Presbyterian Church

United Presbyterian Church, Mexico

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

For information about records kept in the Orphan's court, Prothonotary Court, Court of Common Pleas, and other courts in counties of Pennsylvania, visit the Pennsylvania Court Records Wiki page.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

For online resources, passenger lists, and specific groups coming to Pennsylvania, see Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration.

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

For groups that came, see People section of the Pennsylvania Emigration page.

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

The Orphan's Court ensures the best interests of those not capable of handling their own affairs: minors, incapacitated persons, decedents' estates, and more.[11]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a specific location and reveal family relationships. Records include: deeds, abstracts, indexes, mortgages, leases, grants, sheriff sales, land patents, maps and more. For more information, see Pennsylvania Land and Property.

Land records in Juniata County began in 1831. These records are filed with the Recorder of Deeds office in Mifflintown, Pennsylvania.

Online Land Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Dauphin CountyPerry CountyFranklin CountyHuntingdon CountyMifflin CountySnyder CountyNorthumberland CountyPA JUNIATA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Naturalization records can contain information about immigration and nativity. Prior to 1906, it is rare to find the town of origin in naturalization records. For more information, see Pennsylvania Naturalization

Naturalization records for Juniata County, Pennsylvania include the following: Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Newspapers may contain obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings. Newspapers are often found in local or university libraries, historical or genealogical societies, or state archives in the area where the newspaper was published. See Pennsylvania Newspapers for more information.

Newspapers of Juniata County

Online Newspapers

To learn if there are newspapers online for a specific town or city in Pennsylvania, see news.google.com/newspapers and search for the town or the name of a newspaper.

Online Newspaper Abstracts

  • PA-Roots Newspaper Articles from Juniata County, Pennsylvania.
  • 1947-2010Pennsylvania Obituary and Marriage Collection, 1947-2010 at FamilySearch

Newspaper Abstracts

  • Death Records (SLC, Utah, 1973) FHL film 944767 item 1 Alphabetical card index to death records, mainly from the newspapers: Mifflin Eagle, The Weekly Democratic Press, Juniata Herald, Juniata Gazette, etc.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Obituaries are generally found in local newspapers where the person died or where family members lived. Local libraries or societies may have indexes or other sources.

Online Obituary Abstracts

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate matters in Juniata County are handled by the Orphans' Court and start when the county was created.

In addition to wills and administrations, the Orphans' Court also handles: audits of accounts of executors, administrators, trustees, and guardians; distribution of estates; appointments of guardians; adoptions; appeals from the Register of Wills; inheritance tax appeals, and various petitions and motions.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records are handled by the County Orphans' Court. Between the years 1852-1855 Pennsylvania made a failed attempt to record birth, marriage and death events at the county level. County marriage records were kept in earnest in 1885. Births and deaths, at the county level, were begun in 1893 and kept through 1905. For the most complete set of records, contact the County Orphans' Court.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Early births 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. For more information, see Pennsylvania Vital Records.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Pennsylvania marriages were created by county officials. Contact Juniata County Courthouse

Death[edit | edit source]

Early deaths 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. For indexes and records, 1906 and later, see Pennsylvania Vital Records.

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Divorce records are available through the office of the Prothonotary.

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

The Pennsylvania Archives collection contains county archive records that can be searched onsite. Currently the Archives' staff cannot provide research or make copies of these records. Their collections include Almshouse Registers; Tax records; Birth, Death and Marriage Indexes and Records; Midwife records; African American records; Wills; Deeds; Naturalizations; Coroner's inquests; and Orphan's Court dockets. A list of the Archive's county holdings are on Microfilm or Manuscript form.

National Archives at Philadelphia
14700 Townsend Road
Philadelphia, PA 19154-1096
Phone: 215-305-2044
Fax: 215-305-2052

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Juniata County. For state-wide library facilities, see Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Juniata County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Pennsylvania Societies.

Juniata County Historical Society
498 Jefferson St. Suite B
Mifflintown, PA 17059
Phone: 717-436-5152
Email: jchs1931@juniatacountyhistoricalsociety.org

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • PA USGenWeb. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Juniata County PA Genealogy
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia accessed 2/12/2017
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002) Juniata County, Pennsylvania, p.590
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Juniata County, Pennsylvania," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juniata_County%2C_Pennsylvania, accessed 24 January 2020.
  8. National Historical Association ‘‘History of the Juniata Valley’' (Salt Lake City, Utah : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2009), 195 -209. WorldCat 197065; Free online digital copy courtesy of FamilySearch
  9. National Historical Association ‘‘History of the Juniata Valley’' (Salt Lake City, Utah : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2009), 195 -209. WorldCat 197065; Free online digital copy courtesy of FamilySearch
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/9/92/Igipennsylvaniaf.pdf.
  11. The Philadelphia Courts at Common Pleas accessed 10 July 2012