Jefferson County, Indiana Genealogy

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Guide to Jefferson County, Indiana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Madison
Organized: November 23, 1810
Parent County(s): Clark, Knox and Dearborn[1]
Neighboring Counties
Switzerland  • Ripley  • Jennings  • Scott  • Clark  • Carroll (KY)  • Trimble (KY)
See County Maps
Indiana, Jefferson County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Indiana, Jefferson County Locator Map.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson, principal draftsman of the Northwest Ordinance and the third president of the United States from 1801 through 1809.[2] It is located in the southeastern area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County Courthouse
300 E Main St #203
Madison, IN 47250
Phone: 812-265-8921
County Website

Jefferson County Health Department
715 Green Road
Madison, IN 47250
Phone Number: 812-273-1942
Fax: 812-273-1955
Health Department

County Health Dept has birth, death and burial records.
County Clerk has marriage, divorce, probate, and court records.
County Recorder has land records.
Health Department has birth records and death records.
Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Jefferson County, Indiana Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1882 1811 1882 1811 1811 1811 1807
*Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

2009 Courthouse damaged by fire 20 May 2009.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Jefferson County, Indiana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Jefferson County census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 8,038
1830 11,465 42.6%
1840 16,614 44.9%
1850 23,916 44.0%
1860 25,036 4.7%
1870 29,741 18.8%
1880 25,977 −12.7%
1890 24,507 −5.7%
1900 22,913 −6.5%
1910 20,483 −10.6%
1920 20,709 1.1%
1930 19,182 −7.4%
1940 19,912 3.8%
1950 21,613 8.5%
1960 24,061 11.3%
1970 27,006 12.2%
1980 30,419 12.6%
1990 29,797 −2.0%
2000 31,705 6.4%
2010 32,428 2.3%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

United Church of Christ

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the Jefferson County courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Jefferson County. County histories may include biographies; church, school and government histories; and military information. For more information about local histories, see Indiana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

JenningsRipleySwitzerlandClarkTrimble KYCarroll KYScottIN JEFFERSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Jefferson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jefferson County.

Civil War books and articles:

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indiana newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Indiana newspaper information see the wiki page Indiana Newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the Jefferson County courthouse. For more information, see Indiana Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Indexing is not complete. Film # 004476596 finding aid to Jefferson County marriages:

Frames Date range
2-60 5 July 1808 - 7 May 1820
61-179 19 June 1820 - 13 February 1828
180-314 13 February 1828 - 1 February 1834
315-483 31 January 1834 - 6 April 1841
484-656 7 April 1841 - 8 November 1848
657-986 11 November 1848 - 27 January 1855

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Jefferson County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Jefferson County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Duggan Library
Hanover College
Archives & Special Collections
121 Scenic Drive
Hanover, IN 47243
Phone: 812-866-7165

Jefferson County Public Library
273 North Madison Avenue
Hanover, IN 47243
Phone: 812-866-1470

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Jefferson County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Societies.

Jefferson County Historical Society
615 West First St.
Madison, IN 47250
Phone: 812-265-2335

Jefferson County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 651
Madison, IN 47250

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Jefferson County, Indiana Genealogy and History”, accessed 3/29/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Indiana 3/29/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson County, Indiana" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Indiana (accessed 10 May 2012).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson County, Indiana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Indiana, accessed 16 December 2019.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  9. Indiana Magazine of History Archives,, accessed 28 Apr 2019.
  10. Indiana Magazine of History Archives,, accessed 28 Apr 2019.