Jackson County, Texas Genealogy

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Guide to Jackson County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Jackson County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Texas, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded March 17, 1836
County Seat Edna
Address Jackson County Courthouse
115 W Main Street
Edna, TX 77957-2733
Phone: 361.782.3563
Jackson County Website
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Andrew Jackson, President of the United States from 1829 to 1837. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage, probate and land records from 1836
and court records from 1910; District Clerk has divorce

County Clerk

115 W. Main, Rm. 101
Edna 77957
Phone: 361-782-3563

District Clerk

115 W. Main, Rm. 101
Edna 77957
Phone: 361-782-3563

Jackson County has been the home of two county seats and four courthouses. Texana served as the county seat at the county's inception in 1836. The first courthouse building was built there in 1858. In 1883 voters elected to move the county seat to the new town of Edna. A new courthouse was built in Edna in 1884; it burned in June 1900. A third courthouse was built in 1906, a three-story brick Beaux-Arts style domed-building. The current courthouse was built in 1954.

Apply for a Birth or Death Certificates contact local Registrar Barbara Williams. Application form - pdf document

Jackson County Government website

Inventory of county records, Jackson County Courthouse, Edna, Texas, 1980. Inventory of records housed in the Jackson County Courthouse. Describes the records of the Commissioners Court, County Judge, County Clerk, County Court, County Attorney, District Clerk, Justice of the Peace, Sheriff, Tax Assessor-Collector, Treasurer, and Auditor. It provides a list of Jackson County records and an index. Digital book online at the Portal to Texas History.

Inventory of the county archives of Texas : Jackson County, no. 120, 1940. Inventory of records housed in the Jackson County Courthouse as of 1936. Describes the records of the County Commissioners Court, County Clerk as Recorder, District Court, County Court, Justices of the Peace, District Attorney, County Attorney, Tax Assessor-Collector, County Treasurer, and other offices. Digital book online at the Portal to Texas History.

Jackson County, Texas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1903 1836 1903 1910 1836 1836 1829
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1903.
General compliance by the 1930s.

History[edit | edit source]

Andrew Jackson.JPG

The county is named after President Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) who was in office at the time of the county's formation.[4]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1836--Jackson County was created 17 March 1836 from Old Mexican Municipality.
County seat: Edna [5]

Boundary Changes[6][edit | edit source]

1837-- Jackson County lost a narrow north-south strip of land that is now part of present-day Matagorda and Wharton Counties. Part of the city of El Campo is included in this strip. Jackson county gained a 2x4 mile wedge of land that is now in present day Wharton County and about half of the land between Arenosa Creek and the Lavaca River. The towns of El Toro and Vanderbilt lie in this region.

1844-- Jackson County lost the area 6 miles west of the Lavaca River to Victoria County. Jackson County gained land to the west 35 x 8 miles long, now part of present-day Matagorda and Wharton counties. This land included the town of Palacios.

1846--Part of Jackson County's waterfront on Lavaca, Tres Palacios and Carancahua Bays given to Calhoun County. The rest of the the land between the Arenosa Creek and the Lavaca River given to Jackson county. Half of the area added in 1844 was given to Wharton County. Some area in the north was given to Lavaca County.

1848--Jackson County lost the remainder of the land gained to the east in 1844 to Matagorda County, including the area that contains the town of Palacios.

1905 -- A strip of land in northern Jackson County was removed and attached to Colorado County (the Colorado County "panhandle").

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1900 -- Jackson County Courthouse destroyed by fire on Jun 15, 1900.  Records of the County Judge, Assessor and Justice of the Peace were lost. [7]

1906 -- The Jackson County Progress Newspaper plant and offices (along with part of the Edna business district) were destroyed by fire, 12 November 1906.[8]

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[9]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Calhoun  • Colorado  • Lavaca  • Matagorda  • Victoria  • Wharton

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
Linkpendium WorldCat Tombstone Project
BillionGraves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
BillionGraves FamilySearch Places
Names in Stone
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 996
1860 2,612 162.2%
1870 2,278 −12.8%
1880 2,723 19.5%
1890 3,281 20.5%
1900 6,094 85.7%
1910 6,471 6.2%
1920 11,244 73.8%
1930 10,980 −2.3%
1940 11,720 6.7%
1950 12,916 10.2%
1960 14,040 8.7%
1970 12,975 −7.6%
1980 13,352 2.9%
1990 13,039 −2.3%
2000 14,391 10.4%
2010 14,075 −2.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Local histories are available for Jackson County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.
  • The Cavalcade of Jackson County, 1938, by Ira T. Taylor.
  • Jackson County History from the Handbook of Texas Online.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Lavaca CountyColorado CountyWharton CountyMatagorda CountyCalhoun CountyVictoria CountyTX JACKSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Mexican-American War[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]
World War I[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Jackson County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records of Texas, United States Genealogy have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Jackson County Memorial Library
411 North Wells Street, Room 121
Edna, Texas 77957

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • TXGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the county
  • FamilySearch Catalog The catalog is genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) This catalog is different than the indexed Historical Records.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson, Texas" in "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_County,_Texas. accessed 10/08/2019
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jackson County, Texas. Page 667 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jackson County, Texas . Page 658-677 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 655-665.
  4. "Jackson County, Texas," Wikipedia.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Inventory of the county archives of Texas : Jackson County, no. 120, 1940: Historical Sketch, pages 11-13.
  7. GenDisasters.com - Edna, TX Courthouse Fire, Jun 1900 http://www.gendisasters.com/texas/7559/edna-tx-courthouse-fire-jun-1900
  8. Handbook of Texas Online: Edna, Texas http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hfe01
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Howard County, Texas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howard_County,_Texas, Last accessed 7 July 2019.