Jackson County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Jackson County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Jackson
Organized: March 1, 1816[1]
Parent County(s): Athens, Gallia, Ross, Scioto[2]
Neighboring Counties
Ross  • Pike  • Scioto  • Lawrence  • Gallia  • Vinton
See County Maps
Jackson County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH jackson.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county is named after the War hero of 1812 Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) who became Seventh President of the United States in 1829.[3] It is located in the South-central area of the state.[4]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Jackson County Courthouse
226 East Main Street
Jackson, OH 45630
Phone: 740-286-2006
Jackson County Courthouse

Probate Judge has birth, marriage and probate records
County Health Department has death and burial records;
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records;
County Recorder has land records[5]

Jackson County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1816 1867 1816 1816 1819 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [9]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Jackson County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 3,746
1830 5,941 58.6%
1840 9,744 64.0%
1850 12,719 30.5%
1860 17,941 41.1%
1870 21,759 21.3%
1880 23,686 8.9%
1890 28,408 19.9%
1900 34,248 20.6%
1910 30,791 −10.1%
1920 27,342 −11.2%
1930 25,040 −8.4%
1940 27,004 7.8%
1950 27,767 2.8%
1960 29,372 5.8%
1970 27,174 −7.5%
1980 30,592 12.6%
1990 30,230 −1.2%
2000 32,641 8.0%
2010 33,225 1.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]


Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Andrew Jackson.JPG

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Ross CountyVinton CountyMeigs CountyGallia CountyLawrence CountyScioto CountyPike CountyOH JACKSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War
Civil War service men from Jackson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jackson County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery, Companies A and H
- 56th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A, C, E, and K

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Jackson County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Jackson County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Jackson County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Jackson County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Jackson City Library
21 Broadway St
Jackson, OH 45640-1695

Oak Hill Public Library
226 S Front St
Oak Hill, OH 45656

Sylvester Memorial Wellston Public Library
135 E Second St
Wellston, OH 45692

Museums[edit | edit source]

Lillian E. Jones Museum
75 Broadway St
Jackson, OH 45640

Jackson Township Historical Society
7756 Fulton Dr NW
Massillon OH 44646

Welsh-American Heritage Museum
412 Main St
Oak Hill, OH 45656

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Jackson County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Jackson County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 807
Jackson, OH 45640

Publication-The Jackson County Genealogical Resource Guide

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; The Newerry Library 2007
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. "Jackson County, Indiana," Wikipedia.
  4. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Jackson County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/jackson/ accessed 2/17/2017.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; The Newerry Library 2007
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_County,_Ohio, accessed 19 December 2018.