Israel Languages

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Israel Wiki Topics
Flag of Israel.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Israel Background
Local Research Resources

Description[edit | edit source]

The Israeli population is linguistically and culturally diverse.

  • Hebrew is the country's official language, and almost the entire population speaks it either as native speakers or proficiently as a second language. Its standard form, known as Modern Hebrew, is the main medium of life in Israel.
  • Arabic is used mainly by Israel's Arab minority which comprises about one-fifth of the population. Arabic has a special status under Israeli law.
  • Russian is spoken by about 20% of the Israeli population, mainly by the large immigrant population from the former Soviet Union.
  • English is a known foreign language by a significant proportion of the Israeli population as English is used widely in official logos and road signs alongside Hebrew and Arabic.
  • In addition, the 19th edition of Ethnologue lists 36 languages and dialects spoken through Israel.

According to a 2011 Government Social Survey of Israelis over 20 years of age report their native language as:

  • Hebrew 49%
  • Arabic 18%
  • Russian 15%
  • Yiddish 2%
  • French 2%
  • English 2%
  • 1.6% Spanish
  • 10% other languages (including Romanian, German and Amharic, which were not offered as answers by the survey). This study also noted that 90% of Israeli Jews and over 60% of Israeli Arabs have a good understanding of Hebrew. [1]

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

Hebrew

Arabic

Russian

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Hebrew

Arabic

Russian

Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Hebrew

Arabic

Russian

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Cyprus," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Israel, accessed 27 October 2021.