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Indian Claims Commission

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Indian Claims Commission[edit | edit source]

An Indian Claims Commission was created to hear, investigate, and determine the validity of claims against the United States filed prior to August 13, 1846 by a tribe or any other group of Native Americans. In 1978 it stopped taking cases, and all remaining cases were transferred back to the U.S. Court of Claims.

The records of the Indian Claims Commission are grouped into several collections. One set presents the cases heard by the Commission dating from a treaty signed in 1785 to the closing of the Commission’s office in 1978. A second set of records covers the decisions reached by the Indian Claims Commission from 1948 to 1981, and another set of records covers the expert testimony before the Indian Claims Commission.

United States. Indian Claims Commission records are available on 5304 microfiches at the Family History Library. Index fiche 6076350 FHL Collection

Indian Depredation Claims, 1796-1920[edit | edit source]

The depredation claims system, was designed to prevent retaliation and preserve peace, the system was to provide compensation to Indians and whites suffering depredation at the hands of each other.Many of these records are in the National Archives, and the claims were litigated in the United States Court of Claims.

Skogen, Larry C. Indian Depredation Claims, 1796-1920. FHL Book 970.1 Sk52i WorldCat

Reference[edit | edit source]

Byers,Paula K. Native American Genealogical Sourcebook. "Indian Claims Records," pp. 77-79. (Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1995). FHL 970.1 B991n. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 970.1 B991n.

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