Illinois, State Census, 1865 - FamilySearch Historical Records
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Illinois State Census, 1865
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of Illinois|
|Location of Illinois|
|Record Type||State Census|
|Illinois State Archives, Springfield|
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
This collection contains a name index and images of the Illinois state census taken on 3 July 1865. The following counties are missing:
- Part of Mason
- Part of Tazewell
The state constitution of 1848 accepted the federal decennial censuses as the basis for apportionment of representatives, but also provided for state censuses at mid-decades. As a result state censuses were conducted in 1855 and 1865. The state constitution of 1870 ended the practice of state censuses. Census returns for 1865 exist for 99 of the 102 counties.
This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1865. The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.
Reliability of the information in the census is determined by the accuracy of the knowledge of the informant, which could have been any member of the family or even a neighbor.
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images. For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.
To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for Illinois State Census, 1865.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Images[edit | edit source]
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The approximate age of your ancestor
- The county where your ancestor lived
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
View the Images[edit | edit source]View images in this collection by visiting the Collection Browse Page:
- Select County
- Select Locality to view the images
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog Illinois State Census, 1865. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
When you have located your ancestor’s census record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family.
I Found the Person I was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Add any new information to your records
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date
- Use the ages and place of residence to locate the family in federal census records
- If they are in the militia they may have military files in the State or National Archives
- It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names
- Search the records of nearby counties
- Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county
- You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents, or you may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Illinois.
- Illinois Guided Research
- Illinois Record Finder
- Illinois Research Tips and Strategies
- Step-by-Step Illinois Research, 1880-Present
Other FamilySearch Collections[edit | edit source]
These collections may have additional materials to help you with your research.
FamilySearch Catalog[edit | edit source]
FamilySearch Historical Records[edit | edit source]
FamilySearch Digital Library[edit | edit source]
Citing this Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.