Hungary Gazetteers

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Kingdom of Hungary[edit | edit source]

(1913) A Magyar Szent Korona Országainak Helységnévtára[edit | edit source]

Austria-Hungary map.png

Volumes 1 and 2 cover the Kingdom of Hungary (dark green area #16). Volume 3 covers the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (maroon area #17) which now includes parts of modern Croatia and Slovenia.

"How to" Guide: Instruction, Activity, Answer Key

Advantages: Available online; provides religious jurisdictions as of 1910 and location of civil registration offices (volumes 1 and 2 only).
Disadvantages: Browsable images only.


(1877 Dvorzsák) Magyarország helységnévtára tekintettel a közigazgatási, népességi és hitfelekezeti viszonyokra[edit | edit source]

Magyarország helységnévtára tekintettel a közigazgatási, népességi és hitfelekezeti viszonyokra. (Gazetteer of Hungary with Administrative, Populational, and Ecclesiastical Circumstances). János Dvorzsák, Budapest: Havi Füzetek Kiadóhivatala, 1877. (FHL INTL book 943.9 E5d vol.1-2)

Volume 2 is also available on-line here.

"How to" Guide: Instruction, Activity, Answer Key

Advantages: Available online; provides religious jurisdictions.
Disadvantages: Browsable images only.


(1851) Magyarország geographiai szótára mellyben minden város, falu és puszta körülményesen leiratik[edit | edit source]

Fényes, Elek. Magyarország geographiai szótára mellyben minden város, falu és puszta körülményesen leiratik. (Gazetteer of Hungary, 1851). Pest: Kozma Vazul Ny., 1851. (FHL INTL book 943.9 E5f v.1-2; FHL INTL film 844956 Items 1-2). Volume 1: A-E, volume 2: F-K, volume 3: L-R, volume 4: S-Z.

Arrangement: The arrangement is alphabetical by the name of the smallest administrative unit (town, parish, village etc.). This gazetteer contains the places of the old Hungarian Kingdom as it existed prior to 1919. The gazetteer was published in 1851, so one must be aware that words presently spelled with "c" then spelled "cz", and would be found alphabetically in the "cz" part of the gazetteer.

How to find a place: Although all towns are listed alphabetically, towns with adjectives modifying the name of the town will be found under the name of the town instead of the adjective. For example, a town with Kis is not filed under "k", but under the name of the town itself. Other adjectives which appear commonly are: Nagy (large), 0 (old), Uj (new), Alsó (lower), Felső (upper). Exception: Town names using the word Szent (Saint) are alphabetized in the "s".

Special features or uses: The information given is very complete. Since the gazetteer is in journal form, the arrangement of information within an entry may vary. Basically the following information will be given: Nationality of the population, name of the county (as it existed in old Hungarian Kingdom), number of inhabitants, size and type of surrounding farmlands, nearest post office, how far from large towns, names of Landlords, and for larger places a short history. Many of the towns described are no longer in Hungary because of numerous border changes.

Example of a typical entry:

Barancs, orosz-magyar-tót fa-
lu, Zemplén vgyében, Bodzás-Ujlak-
hoz közel: 198 r., 152 g. kath., 36
ref., 102 zsidó lak. Kath. paroch. temp-
lom. 886 hold termékeny szántó-
föld; szőlőt is mivel. F. u. Barkóczy,
Klobusiczky, Boka, Unghváry, Kulin,
Szikszay, s m. Ut. p. Velejte.

Translation:

Barancs, Russian-Hungarian-Slovak village in Zemplén couty close to Bodzás-Ujlak, with 198 Roman Catholics, 152 Greek Catholics, 36 Protestants (Reformed) and 102 Jews. There is a Catholic parish. 886 "hold" (1 hold is 1.42 acres) arable land, and vinyards, Landlords: Barkóczy, Klobusiczky, Boka, Unghváry, Kulin, Szikszay and others. Nearest post office is in Velejte.

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used:

b.
ev. or evang.
f.u.
g.
g. or gőr. kath.
gr.
h.
h.
kath.
lak.
m.
mfld.
parch.
r.
r. or róm. kath.
ref.
s m.
sz.
t.i.
ut.p.
urb.
vmegye
vgye.

báró
evangélikus
földes ur
gőrőg
gőrőg katolikus
gróf
herceg
hold
katholikus
lakos
megye
mérfőld
parochia
római
római katolikus
református
s mások
szent
tudni illik
utolsó posta
úrbéri
vármegye
vármegye

baron
evangelical
landlord
Greek
Greek Catholic
count
princ
1.42 acres
Catholic
inhabitant
county
mile
parish
Roman
Roman Catholic
Reformed
and others
Saint
namely
last or nearest post office
feudal
county
county

Currently (2018) available online on Arcanum: https://www.arcanum.hu/hu/online-kiadvanyok/Lexikonok-magyarorszag-geografiai-szotara-fenyes-elek-BABC3/

The Official Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

The National Hungarian Royal Statistics Office (Országos Magyar Királyi Statistikai Hivatal) published official gazetters every few years in the late 1800s and early 1900s. They varied somewhat in content and arrangement; some were essentially just simplified reprints of a previous edition, while others were comprehensive census publications.

The Library of the Central Statistics Office (KSH Könyvtár) has digitized versions of the official 1873, 1877, 1882, 1888, 1892, 1895, 1898, 1900, 1902, and 1907 gazetteers (A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára), as well as a downloadable PDF of the 1913 gazetteer (A Magyar Szent Korona országainak helységnévtára):

http://konyvtar.ksh.hu/index.php?s=kb_statisztika#kb_statisztika_helysegnevtarak

Unfortunately, the digital versions were webbed using very old-style HTML; the navigation only ever really worked in old versions of Internet Explorer. Luckily the alphabetical index (betűrend szerinti helységnévmutató) does work, so the main content can be accessed, but things like the lists of abbreviations and symbols cannot.

Some of these gazetteers are also online on Hungaricana, although they're not handily linked from one place. Here's the list of abbreviations and symbols for the 1892 edition:

https://library.hungaricana.hu/hu/view/NEDA_1892_helysegnevtar/?pg=4&layout=s