Huguenots in the Netherlands

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The Huguenots in the Netherlands and South Africa[edit | edit source]

Fritz Juengling PhD, AG®

Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1530 John Calvin broke from the Catholic Church
  • 1536 Calvin publishes Institutes of the Christian Religion, a highly regarded secondary reference for Calvinism
  • 1559 French Confession shows a decidedly Calvinistic orientation
  • 1560s Historians estimate more than half of the nobility were Calvinist (or Huguenot), and 1,200– 1,250 Calvinist churches had been established, by 1562 with the outbreak of war, there were 2 million Calvinists
  • 1562 1 March - Massacre of Vassy (Wassy) agreed to begin the Wars of Religion
  • 1572 - St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
  • 1576 - Formation of the first Catholic League in France
  • 1593 - Henry IV abjures Protestantism 1598 April - Edict of Nantes issued by Henry IV 1652 – First Dutch settlers arrive in South Africa, among them the first Huguenot in SAf, Maria de la Quellerie, the wife of governor Jan van Riebeeck
  • 1685 October - Louis XIV issues Edict of Fontainebleau which renounces the Edict and declares Protestantism illegal
  • 1688 – Arrival of nearly 200 Huguenots in South Africa

After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, the Dutch Republic received from 75,000 to 100,000 people. The population of the Dutch Republic was 1.5 - 2 million.

The Netherlands-sources[edit | edit source]

Hullu, J. de (Johannes). Cadzand collectanea: aantekeningen over vluchtelingen en leden der Hervormde en Waalse kerken, brieven, enz. 1600-1900. Salt Lake City, Utah: Gefilmd door de Genealogical Society of Utah, 1970.

Geschiedenis van de Waalse Kerk te Cadzand, 1686-1809. Salt Lake City, Utah: Gefilmd door de Genealogical Society of Utah, 1970.

Sluis Collectanea: aantekeningen over vluchtelingen, leden der Hervormde en Waalse kerken, brieven, enz. 1600-1900. Salt Lake City, Utah: Gefilmd door de Genealogical Society of Utah, 1970.

“Netherlands, Bibliothèque Wallonne, Card Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)” [1]

South Africa-sources[edit | edit source]

Huguenot Society of South Africa (Secretary: Ms Amelia Wolmarans) P.O. Box, Franschhoek 7690, South Africa Tel: (27) (21)876-2598; Fax: (27)(21)876-3649 email: Website: Click on the links to see various resources.

Botha, C. Graham. The French refugees at the Cape. 3rd. ed. Cape Town: C. Struik, 1970.

“Huguenots in South Africa.”

Coertzen, Pieter Charles Fensham. The Huguenots of South Africa, 1688-1988. Cape Town: Huguenot Society of South Africa, c1988.

Dickerson, Melford S. Huguenot lineage research: a bibliography based on migration routes. Austin, Texas: M.S. Dickerson, 1996.

Franken, J. L. M. (Johan Lambertus Machiel) Die Hugenote aan die Kaap. Pretoria: Die Staatsdrukker, 1978. “Huguenot descendant questionnaires, 1800-1839.”

Huguenot Memorial Museum (Franschhoek, Cape Province). Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1992.

Nathan, Manfred. The Huguenots in South Africa. Johannesburg [South Africa]: Centrak News Agency, 1939.

Pama, C. (Cornelis). Immigration patterns in South Africa and their effect on genealogical research: Netherland administration (Netherland East India Company, 1652-1795, and the Batavian Republic, 1803-1806). Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, c1969.

Reaman, George Elmore. The trail of the Huguenots in Europe, the United States, South Africa and Canada. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1966.

Ruymbeke, Bertrand van and Sparks, Randy. Memory and Identity: the Huguenots in France and the Atlantic Diaspora. Columbia, South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, c2003.

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