Hudson River

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History[edit | edit source]

The Hudson River is a 315-mile (507 km) watercourse that flows from north to south through eastern New York State in the United States. The river begins at Henderson Lake in Newcomb, New York. The river flows southward past the state capital at Albany and then eventually forms the boundary between New York City and the U.S. state of New Jersey at its mouth before emptying into Upper New York Bay. The Hudson River begins several miles north of Tahawus at Henderson Lake in Newcomb, New York. The Hudson is joined at Waterford (north of Albany) by the Mohawk River, its major tributary, just south of which the Federal Dam separates the Upper Hudson River Valley from the Lower Hudson River Valley or simply the Hudson River Valley. The Hudson river then flows south, passing between the Catskill Mountains and the Taconic Mountains, widening significantly at the Tappan Zee, finally flowing between Manhattan Island and the New Jersey Palisades and into the Atlantic Ocean at New York Bay, an arm of the ocean, where it forms New York Harbor.

The original Erie Canal, opened in 1825 to connect the Hudson with Lake Erie, emptied into the Hudson at the Albany Basin, just three miles (5 km) south of the Federal Dam in Troy (at mile 134). The canal enabled shipping between cities on the Great Lakes and Europe via the Atlantic Ocean. The New York State Canal System, the successor to the Erie Canal, runs into the Hudson River north of Troy and uses the Federal Dam as the Lock 1 and natural waterways whenever possible.

The river is named after Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company, who explored it in 1609. It had previously been observed by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano sailing for King Francis I of France in 1524, as he became the first European known to have entered the Upper Bay, but he considered the river to be an estuary. The Dutch called the river the "North River" – with the Delaware River called the "South River" – and it formed the spine of the Dutch colony of New Netherland. Settlement of the colony clustered around the Hudson, and its strategic importance as the gateway to the American interior led to years of competition between the English and the Dutch over control of the river and colony.[1]

The Hudson River region is one of America's treasures. Long before English explorer Henry Hudson sailed up the river in 1609 for the Dutch East India Company, the waterway was a major travel route for Native Americans. While it did not provide the Europeans with their desired connection to the Pacific, the river opened trade routes north to Canada and west to the Great Lakes. Until the Mississippi Valley was settled two centuries later, the Hudson was America's most prominent, and profitable, waterway.

From the beginning, thousands of visitors plied its waters on their travels. The river's dramatic scenery - the Palisades, the Hudson Highlands, the Catskills - soon became renowned around the world, carried on the tongues and in the letters of travelers. The Hudson and its scenery became a popular subject for artists and writers, inspired by its beauty and facilitated by its convenience to the port of New York. As publishing developed in the 19th century, particularly in New York, the sublime locales along the river found expression in ink as pictures and travel accounts. As more prints, poetry and tales were published, more travelers were attracted to the region, from all parts of the western world. This phenomenon is now about to enter its fifth century. The enduring popularity of the river has left an extraordinary historical record, in both scope and quality. The Hudson River is an often-used term to describe much of the most distinctive landscape art and regional literature created in the United States.[2]

Records[edit | edit source]

Records of the migration into New York and they may be found in the following:

State Records[edit | edit source]

New York

County Records[edit | edit source]

Clinton County, New York Genealogy
Essex County, New York Genealogy
Warren County, New York Genealogy
Saratoga County, New York Genealogy
Schenectady County, New York Genealogy
Washington County, New York Genealogy
Albany County, New York Genealogy
Rensselaer County, New York Genealogy
Columbia County, New York Genealogy
Greene County, New York Genealogy
Ulster, Ulster County, New York Genealogy
Dutchess County, New York Genealogy
Orange County, New York Genealogy
Putnam County, New York Genealogy
Rockland County, New York Genealogy
Westchester County, New York Genealogy
Manhattan Borough, New York Genealogy
Queens Borough, New York Genealogy
Brooklyn Borough, New York Genealogy
Staten Island Borough, New York Genealogy

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]