Houston County, Minnesota Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Houston County, Minnesota ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Caledonia[1]
Organized: February 23, 1854[2]
Parent County(s): Fillmore[3]
Neighboring Counties
Allamakee County, (IA)  • Fillmore  • La Crosse (WI)  • Vernon (WI)  • Winneshiek (IA)  • Winona
See County Maps
Minnesota, Houston County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Minnesota Houston County Map.svg.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Sam Houston, who was president of Texas before its annexation by the United States and afterward was a senator from that state. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[4]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Houston County Courthouse
304 S Marshall St
Caledonia, MN 55921
Phone: 507-724-7002
Houston County Website

Clerk District Court has birth and death records from 1870, marriage records from 1854, court records from 1856 and divorce records.
Probate Judge has probate records.
Register of Deeds has land records. [5]

Houston County, Minnesota Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1870 1854 1870 1856 1856 1867 1836
*Statewide registration started for births in 1900 and deaths in 1908. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[9]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Houston County, Minnesota online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Minnesota Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For links to Federal, State, and Territorial censuses, see Minnesota Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 6,645
1870 14,936 124.8%
1880 16,332 9.3%
1890 14,653 −10.3%
1900 15,400 5.1%
1910 14,297 −7.2%
1920 14,013 −2.0%
1930 13,845 −1.2%
1940 14,735 6.4%
1950 14,435 −2.0%
1960 16,588 14.9%
1970 17,556 5.8%
1980 18,382 4.7%
1990 18,497 0.6%
2000 19,718 6.6%
2010 19,027 −3.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information, see Minnesota Church Records.

Immanuel Lutheran Church, Caledonia

  • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($) has the following information:
    • Immanuel Lutheran Church, Caledonia
    • Trinity Lutheran Church, Spring Grove
  • Minnesota Historical Society has a Collection Finding Aid for the following:
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America: An Inventory of Selected Congregational Records of the American Lutheran Church in Minnesota

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

The county register of deeds keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Houston County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Minnesota Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Winona CountyFillmore CountyWinneshiek CountyAllamakee CountyVernon CountyLa Crosse CountyMN HOUSTON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Civil War service men from Houston County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are many companies or regiments that were formed from men of Houston County.

- 1st Regiment, Minnesota Cavalry (Mounted Rangers), Companies A and G.
- 2nd Regiment, Minnesota Cavalry, Companies A and D.
- 6th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company K.
- 10th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company F.
- 11th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company K.

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records may include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Minnesota Probate Records for additional information.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Since Minnesota tax records include only persons who owned taxable property, many residents were not included. Still they complement land records and can be used in place of missing censuses or the years between censuses. There may also be gaps. For more information, see the wiki page Minnesota Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Minnesota Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Houston County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Houston County. For state-wide library facilities, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Houston Public Library
202 E Cedar
P.O. Box 37
Houston, MN 55943
Phone: 507-896-7323

Caledonia Public Library
231 E Main St
Caledonia, MN
Phone: 507-725-2671

Hokah Public Library
57 Main St
P.O. Box 503
Hokah, MN 55941
Phone: 507-894-2665

LaCrosse Public Library
800 Main St
La Crosse, WI 54601
Phone: 608-789-7100
Email: circdesk@lacrosselibrary.org

Museums[edit | edit source]

Houston County Historical Society Museum
104 History Lane
Caledonia, MN 55921
Phone: 507-725-3884
Email: hchs@acegroup.cc

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Houston County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Minnesota Societies.

Houston County Historical Society
104 History Ln
Caledonia, MN 55921-1746
Phone: 507-725-3884
Email: hchs@acegroup.cc

La Crescent Area Historical Society
328 S Third St
P.O. Box 193
La Crescent, MN 55947
Phone: 507-895-1857
Email: lahs1857@gmail.com

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 1/20/2021.
  3. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 1/20/2021.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Houston County, Minnesota" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houston_County,_Minnesota accessed 13 Nov 2018
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 1/20/2021.
  8. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Houston County, Minnesota," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houston_County,_Minnesota, accessed 29 January 2020.