Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Genealogy

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Guide to Hillsborough County, New Hampshire ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Newport
Organized: 29 Apr 1769[1]
Parent County(s): Colonial lands
Neighboring Counties
Cheshire  • Essex (MA)  • Merrimack  • Middlesex (MA)  • Rockingham  • Sullivan  • Worcester (MA)
See County Maps
Courthouse
New Hampshire, Hillsborough County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Nh-hillsborough.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Hillsborough County is located in the southern region of the state. The county was named for Wills Hill, the Earl of Hillsborough who was British Secretary of State for the Colonies at the time.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Hillsborough County Courthouse South
Spring St. Courthouse
30 Spring Stree
Nashua, NH 03060
Phone: 603-594-3250

Hillsborough County Courthouse North
Chestnut St. Courthouse
300 Chestnut Street
Manchester, NH 03101
Phone: 603-627-5605
Hillsborough County Website

Town or City Clerks have birth, marriage, death and burial records.
The Clerk of the Superior Court has divorce and court records from 1772.
The Register of Probate has probate records starting in 1771.
The Register of Deeds has land records beginning in 1771.[3]

Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1771 1771 1771 1773 1773 1771 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1866. General compliance by 1901.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

New HampshireMassachusettsHillborough CountyCheshire CountyRockingham CountyMerrimack CountySullivan CountyWorcester CountyMiddlesex CountyEssex CountyPelhamHudsonNashuaHollisBrooklineMasonGreenvilleNew IpswichSharonTempleWiltonMilfordAmherstMerrimackLitchfieldBedfordMont VernonLyndeboroughGreenfieldPeterboroughHancockAntrimWindsorHillsboroughDeeringBenningtonFrancestownWeareNew BostonGoffstownManchesterWinchendonAshburnhamFitchburgAshbyTownsendNew HampshireMassachusettsHillborough CountyCheshire CountyRockingham CountyMerrimack CountySullivan CountyWorcester CountyMiddlesex CountyEssex CountyPelhamHudsonNashuaHollisBrooklineMasonGreenvilleNew IpswichSharonTempleWiltonMilfordAmherstMerrimackLitchfieldBedfordMont VernonLyndeboroughGreenfieldPeterboroughHancockAntrimWindsorHillsboroughDeeringBenningtonFrancestownWeareNew BostonGoffstownManchesterWinchendonAshburnhamFitchburgAshbyTownsendPepperellGrotonDunstableTyngsboroughWestfordChelmsfordLowellDracutTewksburyAndoverMethuenSalemWindhamLondonderryDerryChesterAuburnRaymondCandiaDeerfieldNorthwoodRindgeFitzwilliamJafferyDublinHarrisvilleNelsonStoddardWashingtonGoshenEpsomAllenstownHooksettPembrokeBowDunbartonConcordHopkintonHennikerBradfordWarnerWebsterBoscawenNewburySutton
Modern town borders in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire.



For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Historic communities
Ghost towns


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See New Hampshire Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 32,883
1800 43,899 33.5%
1810 49,249 12.2%
1820 53,884 9.4%
1830 37,724 −30.0%
1840 42,494 12.6%
1850 57,478 35.3%
1860 62,140 8.1%
1870 64,238 3.4%
1880 75,634 17.7%
1890 93,247 23.3%
1900 112,640 20.8%
1910 126,072 11.9%
1920 135,512 7.5%
1930 140,165 3.4%
1940 144,888 3.4%
1950 156,987 8.4%
1960 178,161 13.5%
1970 223,941 25.7%
1980 276,608 23.5%
1990 336,073 21.5%
2000 380,841 13.3%
2010 400,721 5.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Hampshire denominations, view the New Hampshire Church Records Wiki page. For tips on how to determine denomination, view the New Hampshire Research Tips and Strategies Wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Online Court Indexes and Records

Directories[edit | edit source]

  • The Manchester Directory ..1860. Adams, Sampson & Company, Boston, MA, 1859. Online at:FamilySearch Digital Library
  • The Manchester Directory...1866 Sampson, Davenport & Company, Boston, MA 1865. Online at:Google Books.
  • Manchester Almanac, City Directory, and Business Index..1879 Clarke, Mirror Steam Printing, Manchester, NH. Online at:Google Books.
  • 1822-1995 Manchester City Directories at: Ancestry.com ($)

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See New Hampshire Land and Property for additional information about early New Hampshire land grants. A

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Hampshire Local Histories.

Hillsborough County was named for Wills Hill, known first as the Viscount Hillsborough, and later as the Earl of Hillsborough who was British Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1768-1772.

Following is a list of the towns for which the Family History Library has town history books with a section of genealogies of families of that town: Amherst, Antrim, Bedford, Brookline, Francestown, Goffstown, Hancock, Hillsborough, Hollis, Hudson, Lyndeborough, Manchester, Mason, Merrimack, Milford, Mont Vernon, Nashua, New Boston, New Ipswich, Peterborough, Temple, Weare, and Wilton, They are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog under the town, and then History, or, Genealogy.

Other major libraries may also have these books. For example, the Historical Society of Cheshire County, 246 Main St., Keene, NH 03431, has many of those books. The New Hampshire Historical Society in Concord, New Hampshire has a large collection of these town histories. The New Hampshire State Library in Concord also has these types of books.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Sullivan CountyCheshire CountyMerrimack CountyRockingham CountyWorcester CountyMiddlesex CountyEssex CountyNH HILLSBOROUGH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


For historical publications and online resources for the state, see the pages: New Hampshire Maps and New Hampshire Gazetteers.

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War
The most complete listing of New Hampshire Revolutionary War soldiers is found in volumes 14-17 of the New Hampshire State Papers. You can search the New Hampshire State Papers Index to the New Hampshire Papers. New Hampshire State Papers For a military history of New Hampshire, see: Potter, Chandler Eastman, The Military History of the State of New Hampshire. Concord, N.H.: McFarland and Jenks, 1866. (Family History Library film 1033664; fiche 6046858.) You can search this book on-line at ancestry.com. See ancestry's Card Catalog, and type in the title. This history comprises events from the first settlements in New Hampshire to the rebellion in 1861. It includes biographical notices of many of the officers and explanatory notes.

War of 1812
Volume two of The Military History of the State of New Hampshire, (see above), has much information about the War of 1812. Volume two includes rosters of men who served in the war. There is an every-name index at the end of volume two.

Civil War
Online Civil War Indexes and Records

Regiments. Civil War service men from Hillsborough County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are many companies or regiments that were formed from men of Hillsborough County:

- 1st Regiment, New Hampshire Cavalry, Troops A, B, D, K, and M.
- 1st Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies E and F.
- 1st Regiment, New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, Companies B, C, F, G, and K.
- 2nd Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies C, G, H, and I.
- 3rd Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies A, C, E, F, and H.
- 4th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies B, C, E, G, I, and K.
- 5th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies I and K.
- 6th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies E and K.
- 8th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and K.
- 9th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and H.
- 10th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies A and K.
- 11th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies C, D, and E.
- 13th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies B, G, and I.
- 14th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Company D.
- 15th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Company E.
- 16th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies B, C, G, H, and I.
- 18th Regiment, New Hampshire Infantry, Companies A, D, and F.
- Chandler's Company, National Guards, New Hampshire Militia
- Houghton's Company, Martin Guards, New Hampshire Militia (90 days, 1864)
- New Hampshire Sharpshooters, 2nd Company F.
- New Hampshire Sharpshooters, 2nd Company G.
- Martin Guards, New Hampshire Militia
- Tarbell's Company, Lafayette Artillery, New Hampshire Militia

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

The New Hampshire State Archives in Concord, New Hampshire now has many of the pre-1900 naturalization records of Hillsborough County. They have the naturalization records for 1859-1871, and 1890-1900. The files are in alphabetical order. They also have in a filing cabinet an index to the naturalizations for 1848-1990s. They may receive additional naturalization records.

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Newspaperarchive.com ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. You can search this free at Family History Centers. Their database has Portsmouth newspapers (1898-2007), The Lowell Sun (Massachusetts), and Fitchburg newspapers (Massachusetts) covering local news that included residents from Hillsborough County communities.

There are many community newspapers, for example, the Nashua Telegraph newspaper, published since 1832, 17 Executive Drive, Hudson, NH 03051, tel. 603-594-6535, www.nashuatelegraph.com. Contact the public library, or historical society where your ancestor lived to learn about newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in New Hampshire, probate records have been kept by the county. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.


Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Online Tax Indexes and Records
Many town tax records have been preserved by town clerks and town tax officials. Town tax records were generally taken each year. The Family History Library has many town records on microfilms. For microfilm numbers see the FamilySearch Catalog under New Hampshire - Hillsborough County - [name of town] - Town Records. You may wish to contact the Town Clerk's Office to see if they have additional tax records.

There is an index to the town records (which include many tax records) from the early settlement of the town to about 1850. This is the Index to Early Town Records of New Hampshire, Early to 1850 (FHL films 14942-15052). The index cards list volume and page numbers for the town records, many of which are on Family History Library microfilms.

Ancestry.com has online images of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) tax lists for New Hampshire and many other states for 1862-1866. Only persons who owned businesses, or valuable items such as carriages, were listed. You may wish to check ancestry.com to see if your ancestor was listed. The record gives the person's name, town of residence, business or valuable item, and amount of tax.

Town Records[edit | edit source]

Town records are an important source of family history information from the 1600s to about the 1940s. The early New Hampshire town records to about 1850 have an every-name index. The index and film numbers are listed just above in the Taxation section. Many town records are still in the town offices.


Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Certified copies of of birth, death, and marriage records are available from the State Division of Archives and Records Management or from the local city and town clerk where the event took place. Original records are kept by the city or town clerk and copies are sent to the state.

In 1905, when the state created the Bureau of Vital Records and Health, printed cards were distributed to the local clerks so that earlier vital records could be transcribed onto the cards and submitted to the state. However, not all earlier records were sent to the state.

If a record is not found in the state's compiled records it may exist in the records of the city or town clerk. Below you will find links to birth, marriage, and death records. These indexes are based on the cards sent to the state of New Hampshire. If you do not find the record you are seeking there, you could search a microfilm of records for the town, or you could write to the city or town clerk.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

City and Town Historical Societies

Hillsborough County Historical Societies as listed by CountyOffice.orgWebsite

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

1. Check familysearch.org and see if your ancestor's name is listed there.

2. Check familysearch.org and see if your family's vital records of births, marriages, and deaths are there. A vast indexing program is in place and millions of vital records are now being indexed.

3. Check familysearch.org and see if your family is listed on the U. S. census records of 1850-1940. You can also see those censuses at the Family History Center using Heritage Quest, and ancestry.com.

4. If you know the town where they lived, seek a town history that has a genealogical section (see below).

5. Read through the wiki articles on Hillsborough County, and on New Hampshire, for ideas of sources. Study the Records Selection Table in the New Hampshire article. This can help you think of new sources to try.

6. See valuable internet sites such as familysearch.org, genforum.genealogy.com, rootsweb.com, or ancestry.com. You can share your research with these organizations. You can also share your quest with the local historical society or town library and ask for help. Send them your family group forms and a pedigree chart.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Newbery
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Hillsborough County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillsborough_County,_New_Hampshire accessed 25 September 2018.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Grafton County, New Hampshire page 452, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. Page 452-453. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 436.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), New Hampshire.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Hillsborough County, New Hampshire," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillsborough_County,_New_Hampshire, accessed 21 November 2018.
  8. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 277. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.