Hill County, Texas Genealogy

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Guide to Hill County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Hill County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Hill County
Location in the state of Texas, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded 7 February, 1853
County Seat Hillsboro
Address Hill County Courthouse
PO Box 398
Hillsboro, TX 76645-0398
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for George Washington Hill, secretary of war and secretary of the navy under the Republic of Texas. The County is located in the central area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Hill County Courthouse.jpg

Hill County Courthouse
PO Box 398
Hillsboro, TX 76645-0398
Phone: 254.582.4030

County Clerk has birth and marriage records1876,
probate reocrds from 1879 and land records
from 1853; District Clerk has divorce records[2]

County Clerk

P.O. Box 398
Hillsboro 76645
Phone: 254-582-4042

District Clerk

P.O. Box 634
Hillsboro 76645
Phone: 254-582-4042

Hill County Courthouse in Hillsboro, the county seat, was completed in 1890 built of white Limestone, by the architect W. C. Dodson. This structure was designated at a Texas Historical Landmark in 1971. The courthouse was almost totally destroyed by fire in 1993. The four limestone walls and the iron staircases were all that was left standing. The courthouse been completely restored by the residents and elected officials during the late 1990s. For more, including photos, see Hill County Texas County Courthouse in the Road Trip Destination Guide website.

Hill County, Texas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1876 1876 1903 1867 1853 1879 1829
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1903.
General compliance by the 1930s.

History[edit | edit source]

1848 and 1853-- Early settlement followed the establishment of Fort Graham in 1848 to suppress Indian hostility. Hill County was formed in 1853 from Navarro County.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1853--Hill County was created 7 February 1853 from Navarro County.

  • County seat: Hillsboro [4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1872--The Hill County Courthouse caught fire on 18 Sept 1872. Many county records were destroyed.[5]

1993--The Hill County Courthouse, built in 1890, caught fire on 1 Jan 1993, destroying most of the building.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Bosque  • Ellis  • Johnson  • Limestone  • McLennan  • Navarro

Resources[edit | edit source]

General[edit | edit source]

African American Resources[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
Linkpendium WorldCat Tombstone Project
BillionGraves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
BillionGraves TX Gravestones
TXGenWeb Interment
Names in Stone FamilySearch Places
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

Additional Cemetery Sources

  • Atchison, Mrs. Joe. Peoria Cemetery 1826-1978; Hill County, Texas. Waco, TX: Self-published, 1979. Peoria Cemetery 1826 - 1978
  • Cemetery Index (Hill County Genealogical Society)
  • Hill County, Texas Cemeteries (Cathy Shelley)
  • Mount Calm Cemeteries: The town of Mount Calm is located in Hill County, and the Mount Calm Cemetery is located about 3/4 miles southwest of town. An older Mount Calm cemetery is located about 1-3/4 miles south of town in Limestone County, near the original location of the town, which was picked up and moved north when the railroad came through.
  • Richland Cemtery (transcription)  -  Hill County TXGenWeb
  • Simmons Cemetery: The Forgotten Cemetery (Cathy Shelley)

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 3,653
1870 7,453 104.0%
1880 16,554 122.1%
1890 27,583 66.6%
1900 41,355 49.9%
1910 46,760 13.1%
1920 43,332 −7.3%
1930 43,036 −0.7%
1940 38,355 −10.9%
1950 31,282 −18.4%
1960 23,650 −24.4%
1970 22,596 −4.5%
1980 25,024 10.7%
1990 27,146 8.5%
2000 32,321 19.1%
2010 35,089 8.6%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".
  • 1880 Census Images - Hill County TXGenWeb
  • 1890 Census Images - Hill County TXGenWeb
  • 1900 Census Images - Hill County TXGenWeb
  • Acker, Karen Ladd. Abstracts of Post Returns for Fort Graham, Texas, April 1849-October 1853: With a List of Soldiers Enumerated on the 1850 U.S. Census of Navarro County. Houston, TX: Self-published, 2008. (Contains records of personnel changes at Fort Graham in Navarro County, present-day Hill County, which closed in 1853.) | WorldCat page
  • Census Records and Indexes (Hill County) (Linkpendium)
  • Hill County Archives: Census Records (U.S. GenWeb Archives)
  • 1900 and 1910 Layman, Helen. Czech Families in Hill County, Texas in 1900 & 1910: Extractions from the United States Census. Houston, TX: Czech Heritage Society of Texas, 2001. | World Cat page

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • 1838-1965 Bailey, Ellis, A History of Hill County, Texas, 1838-1965.
  • The Heritage of Hill County, Texas. Clanton, AL: Heritage Publishing, 2006. | WorldCat
  • The Heritage of Hill County, Texas, Vol. 2. Lexington, KY: Heritage Publishing, 2010 | WorldCat page
  • 1853-1980 A History of Hill County, Texas, 1853-1980. Hill County Historical Commission, 1980.
  • Kirkpatrick, A.Y. The Early Settlers' Life in Texas, and the Organization of Hill County. 1963.
  • A Memorial and Biographical History of Johnson and Hill Counties, Texas: Containing the Early History of this Important Section of the Great State of Texas Together with Glimpses of its Future Prospects... Chicago: Lewis Publishing, 1892. | digital copy of Vol. 1 in Internet Archive | Google Books page (no preview)
  • Simpson, Harold B. Hill County Trilogy. Hillsboro, TX: Hill College Press, 1986. | WorldCat page

Maps[edit | edit source]

Johnson CountyEllis CountyNavarro CountyLimestone CountyMcLennan CountyBosque CountyTX HILL.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

  • 1838 - 1900 Texas Muster Roll Index Cards at Ancestry.com — index and images $
  • 1849 - 1853 - Acker, Karen Ladd. Abstracts of Post Returns for Fort Graham, Texas, April 1849-October 1853: With a List of Soldiers Enumerated on the 1850 U.S. Census of Navarro County. Houston, TX: Self-published, 2008. (Contains records of personnel changes at Fort Graham in Navarro County, present-day Hill County, which closed in 1853.) | WorldCat page
  • Hill County Honor Roll: World War I, World War II, Korean War. Hillsboro, TX: American Legion Post No. 4, 1963. | WorldCat page
Mexican-American War[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]
World War I[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Hill County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records of Texas, United States Genealogy have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Births[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriages[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Deaths[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Hill County Genealogical Society
1019 E Elm
Hillsboro 76645
Hill County Genealogical Society

Hill County Genealogical Society
PO Box 636
Hillsboro, Texas 76645
For help in locating information from the Genealogical Section of the Hillsboro Public Library please contact Dora E. Nolan, E-mail:dnolan4561@sbcglobal.net
Hillsboro Library

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Hill County, Texas," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hill_County,_Texas. accessed 10/07/2019
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hill County, Texas. Page 666 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hill County, Texas . Page 658-677 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 655-665.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. GenDisasters.com - Hillsboro, TX Hill County Courthouse Fire, Sept 1872 http://www.gendisasters.com/texas/17827/hillsboro-tx-hill-county-courthouse-fire-sept-1872
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Hill County, Texas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hill_County,_Texas, accessed 25 June 2019.