Grayson County, Texas Genealogy

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Guide to Grayson County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Grayson County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Grayson County
Location in the state of Texas, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded May 17, 1846
County Seat Sherman
Address Grayson County Courthouse
100 W. Houston, Suite 17
Sherman 75090
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Grayson county flag.jpg

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Peter Wagener Grayson, an attorney general of the Republic of Texas. The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Grayson county courthouse2.jpg

Grayson County Courthouse

County Clerk

100 W. Houston
Sherman, TX 75090
Phone: 903-813-4200

District Clerk

200 S. Crockett Ste. 120-A
Sherman, TX 75090
Phone: 903-813-4352

Grayson County, Texas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1900 1846 1900 1846 1846 1846 1829
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1903. General compliance by the 1930s.

History[edit | edit source]

Grayson county courthouse3.jpg

The first courthouse was constructed in 1847 and torn down in 1858.

This old photograph had this statement attached; "I, J.P. Loving, do hereby certify that the above photograph is a true picture of the first court house built in the present town of Sherman, Texas, and that it was customary for juries trying cases in said court house to retire to the shade of the old Pecan tree, then standing on the public square to consider their verdict" signed Jesse P. Loving.

The pecan tree he mentioned was used as a bank of sorts. People would hang their saddlebags and other personal property on or under the old pecan tree and they knew everything would be safe on their reurn. Even bags of gold were left there undisturbed. No one is ever known to have violated the sanctity of this 'bank'.

Grayson County is located at the top of Texas and is home to the famed Preston Road. This road was a major pioneer road, crossing the Red River into Texas. Just to the east of the Preston Road was the Shawnee Trail, the first cattle drive road in Texas. This cattle trail crossed the Red River in a natural rock formed cattle shute and herds passed through the Indian Nations in Oklahoma to reach the railheads in Kansas.

The Butterfield Overland Mail route also passed through Grayson county, this land was a vital link for pioneers entering the West.

Bois d arc tree.jpg

Above is an Old Bois d' Arc Tree in a field of Indian Blanket Flowers. This area of Texas is a rich land, beautiful with rolling hills, prairie grasses; native pecan, oak, hackberry, elms, black walnut, chinaberry, blackjack, and more, and of course our famous Bois d'arc trees forrest the land.

Bois d'arc trees were a cash crop in the 1800's, used as a windbreak and a living livestock fence, this tree originated in Grayson County and its neighbor to the east, Fannin County, Texas and is one of the few trees left in the world that is prehistoric. It was ironic for the American Soldiers from Texas to have to break through the Bois d'arch hedges of France and Germany in WWI and WWII. Every one of the trees that impeded our tanks and troops, came from 'back home'. This tree is called by many names, hedgeapple, horseapple, Texas orange, Osage Orange, ironwood and other names. It was of course named for its main historical use, 'Wood of the Bow'. Bows made of Bois d'arc wood were found anciently deep in South America. The Natives traded the bows and the wood far and wide.

Grayson County is home to the two Americans' to receive France's highest honor, and the French Legion of Honor. Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was born in Denison, Grayson County and Thomas V. Munson, who saved Europe's grape and wine industry by his research and development of using grafts of our Texas native grapevine stock to save them from extinction.

Lake Texoma, one of largest reservoirs in the United States was a project involving placing a large dam just North of Denison,Texas in the 1940's and is a very popular vacation spot today. It is the home of two wildlife habitats. This lake ended most of the flooding from the Red River.

Grayson County is a beautiful place to live.

Parent County was Fannin County - Grayson County was formed May 17, 1846

County seat: Sherman [3]

Two house.jpg

Grayson County Frontier Village in Denison, Texas is a place where Grayson County history is brought to life. It also houses a database of Katy Railroad Workers and has a research center in the museum building. They are glad to help patrons with their genealogical search.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Grayson county courthouse.jpg

1930 Fire--The Third Grayson County courthouse was burned by a mob on May 9, 1930.[4] However ALL of the vital records, land records, and most court records were saved from this fire. The courthouse had records in fire proof rooms and storage areas.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Bryan County, Oklahoma  • Collin  • Cooke  • Denton  • Fannin  • Marshall County, Oklahoma

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
Linkpendium WorldCat Tombstone Project
BillionGraves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
BillionGraves) TX Gravestones
TXGenWeb Interment
Names in Stone FamilySearch Places
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

Additional Cemetery Sources


Grayson County's beautiful rolling green hills hold more than 200 cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 2,008
1860 8,184 307.6%
1870 14,387 75.8%
1880 38,108 164.9%
1890 53,211 39.6%
1900 63,661 19.6%
1910 65,996 3.7%
1920 74,165 12.4%
1930 65,843 −11.2%
1940 69,499 5.6%
1950 70,467 1.4%
1960 73,043 3.7%
1970 83,225 13.9%
1980 89,796 7.9%
1990 95,021 5.8%
2000 110,595 16.4%
2010 120,877 9.3%
Source: "".

Churches[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Schools[edit | edit source]

Historical Markers[edit | edit source]

Railroads[edit | edit source]

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

  • Land Records are kept in the Grayson County Clerk's Office.
  • Very early records made during the Republic of Texas are found in Fannin County's Courthouse and in the Texas State Archives.
  • 1908 Grayson County, Texas Plat Book This book has biographcial sketches as well as detailed maps with land owners. It even shows the location of individual houses around the countryside. Some cemetery locations are visible in this book.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Grayson County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

City Directories:

1976 Sherman - Denison City Directory 1876

1887-1888 Morrison & Formby's General Directory of the City of Sherman 1887-1888

1893-1894 Sherman - Denison City Directory 1893- 1894

1898-1899[ Maloney's Denison - Sherman City Directory, 1898 - 1899

1899-1900 Maloney's Denison - Sherman City Directory, 1899 - 1900

1887-1888 Morrison &Formby's Sherman City Directory, 1887 - 1888

1910-1911 R.L. Polk Co.'s Sherman City Directory, 1910 - 1911

1912-1913 R.L. Polk Co.'s Sherman City Directory, 1912 - 1913

1918 R.L. Polk Co.'s Sherman City Directory, 1918

1923 R.L. Polk Co.'s Sherman City Directory, 1923

1925 R.L. Polk Co.'s Sherman City Directory, 1925

1935 Worley's Sherman City Directory, 1935

1940 History and Business Guide of Sherman & Grayson County, 1940

1947-1948 Worley's Sherman City Directory, 1947-8

1948 History and Business Guide of Sherman & Grayson County,1948

1973 Grayson County Rural Directory 1973

Maps[edit | edit source]

OklahomaLove CountyMarshall CountyBryan CountyFannin CountyCollin CountyDenton CountyCooke CountyTX GRAYSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Mexican-American War[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]
World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Grayson County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records of Texas, United States Genealogy have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

  • All Probate records, insanity hearings and guardianship records are in the County Clerk's Office. Email the clerk's office for details about the record you are requesting.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

  • Tax Rolls are available through interlibrary loan and also through any FHC near you 1846-1910.Many of them are online, here is a page of links.
  • Tax records are kept in the County Clerks Office with more recent records in the Tax Assessors Office.
  • City of Denison (Land) Tax records are being placed online. this is an ongoing project by the Denison, Texas Genealogical Society's Online Document Project

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Sherman Public Library
421 N. Travis
PO Box 1106
Sherman, TX 75090-0190 [

Grayson County Genealogical Society
421 N. Travis
Sherman 7509

Denison Public Library
Historical Genealogical Society
300 W. Gandy St.
Denison, TX 75020

Martha Jefferson Randolph Chapter NSDAR

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Grayson County, Texas," in,_Texas. accessed 08/09/2019
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Grayson County, Texas . Page 658-677 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 655-665.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Sherman, TX Grayson County Courthouse Burned by Mob, May 1930
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Grayson County, Texas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Texas, accessed 18 April 2019.