Gloucester County, New Jersey Genealogy

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Guide to Gloucester County, New Jersey ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Woodbury
Organized: 26 May 1686
Parent County(s): Original County
Neighboring Counties
New Castle (DE)  • Atlantic  • Camden  • Cumberland  • Delaware (PA)  • Philadelphia (PA)  • Salem
See County Maps
New Jersey Gloucester County Courthouse.png
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Gloucester County is located south of Philadelphia and northwest of Atlantic City. It was created in 1686. Woodbury is the county seat. The county was named for the city of Gloucester, England.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Gloucester County Courthouse
1 N Broad Street
Woodbury, NJ 08096-4611
Phone: 856-878-5050
Gloucester County Courthouse

County Clerk has court and land records from 1787.
Surrogate Court has probate records.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce records.
Early records preserved at Surveyor General’s Office, Burlington Sec. of State Office, Trenton. [2]

Gloucester County, New Jersey Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1901 1700 1901 1787 1766 1691 1830
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1 May 1848. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

1642-1643: The New Sweden Genealogy Colony expanded from present-day Wilmington, Delaware east to New Jersey at New Stockholm, now Bridgeport, Gloucester, New Jersey, and Sveaborg, now Swedesboro, Gloucester, New Jersey.[6][7][8] 1654-1655: In 1654 New Sweden Genealogy captured Fort Casimir (now New Castle, Delaware) from the Dutch without a fight and renamed Fort Trinty (Trefaldighets).[9] In 1655 New Netherland Genealogy returned with a large army and all of New Sweden Genealogy in presend-day New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware submitted to Dutch rule.[10] 1664: As part of the Second Anglo-Dutch War New Netherland Genealogy including West Jersey was surrendered to the English.[11] 1673-1674: A new war broke out and the Dutch sent a large armada to retake New Netherland for a few months. But as the war ended the colony was ceeded to England for the last time.[12] Created 28 May 1686 from the Colonial Lands. [13]

  • 1692, boundary set with Burlington county and repealed in 1693
  • 1694, formed in West Jersey with Egg Harbor from Cape May County
  • 1710, boundaries redefined
  • 1837, part forms Atlantic County
  • 1844, part made into Camden County
  • 1871, Monroe twp. and bulk of Washington twp. from Camden County
  • 1892, part of Landis twps., Cumberland County taken and returned in 1897
  • 1926, part of Washington twp. to Camden County with some more going in 1931
  • 1938, boundary clarified with Atlantic County
  • 1950, some to Camden County.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Gloucester County, New Jersey online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See New Jersey Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing census records online, see: New Jersey Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 13,363
1800 16,115 20.6%
1810 19,744 22.5%
1820 23,089 16.9%
1830 28,431 23.1%
1840 25,438 −10.5%
1850 14,655 −42.4%
1860 18,444 25.9%
1870 21,562 16.9%
1880 25,886 20.1%
1890 28,649 10.7%
1900 31,905 11.4%
1910 37,368 17.1%
1920 48,224 29.1%
1930 70,802 46.8%
1940 72,219 2.0%
1950 91,727 27.0%
1960 134,840 47.0%
1970 172,681 28.1%
1980 199,917 15.8%
1990 230,082 15.1%
2000 254,673 10.7%
2010 288,288 13.2%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about denominations, view the New Jersey Church Records wiki page.

Contains the church records of:
  • Gloucester: Church of the Ascension; First Presbyterian Church
  • Monroe: Methodist Church
  • Woodbury: United Methodist Church
  • Woolwich: Trinity Episcopal Church


  • 1787-1815 Stevenson, J.R. "Records of St. Mary's Church, Colestown, (Old Gloucester Co.) New Jersey," Publications of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jun. 1908):237-240. For free online access, see WeRelate; the Family History Library also has this series in its collection: FHL Book 974.8 B2p. Baptisms 1787-1815, marriages 1795-1796, burials 1794-1795.

Raccoon Parish was the first Swedish Church built in New Jersey (1703).[14] 1754 and 1786 membership lists of Raccoon Parish are preserved in Archivum Americanum at the Consistory Court of the Archbishop of Upsal in Sweden. A copy of the 1754 list is held at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.[15]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

  • Clement, John. "Swedish Settlers in Gloucester County, New Jersey, Previous to 1684," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 17 (1893):83-87. For free online access, see WeRelate.

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans Gloucester County Series, Slave Documents. prepared by Gloucester County Historical Project; edited and published by the New Jersey Historical Records Survey Project, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Works Projects Administration; sponsored by New Jersey State Planning Board. - Newark, N.J. Historical Records Survey, 1940.- xii, 66 leaves, 9transcriptions of early county records of New Jersey) F142.G5 H5 1940

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a specific location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Jersey Land and Property for information about New Jersey Proprietary land records. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Your relatives may be included in biographies, in church, school and government history, or in military events and lists. For more information, see New Jersey History and scroll to Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Camden CountyAtlantic CountyCumberland CountySalem CountyPhiladelphia CountyDelaware CountyNew Castle CountyNJ GLOUCESTER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

  • United States Geographic Survey Place Names - GNIS for Gloucester County
    (may not always be present in alphabetic order on first try.)
  • FamilySearch Places: Map of cities and towns in this county - How to Use FS Places

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas and may have earlier records. In 1852, most of those records were transferred to the Gloucester County Probate Court. For more complete information and for online and other resources, see New Jersey Probate Records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

New Jersey tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page New Jersey Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the New Jersey Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. Original marriage records are usually held at the county Bureau of Vital Statistics.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Gloucester County Historical Society
17 Hunter Street
PO Box 409
Woodbury, NJ 08096-0409

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Gloucester County, New Jersey" in Wikipedia : the Free Encyclopedia,,_New_Jersey accessed 23 September 2018.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, New Jersey page 464, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gloucester County, New Jersey . Page 464-465 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 460.
  4. [ Newberry
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Gloucester_County, New Jersey," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_New_Jersey#Communities accessed 8 March 2020.
  6. "New Sweden" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at accessed 7 November 2008).
  7. Swedes and Finns settled on the New Jersey side of the Delaware river as early as 1642 at Raccoon Creek. The first Swedish Lutheran minister to arrive in 1643, John Campanius, apparently described the luxurious growth of tobacco by Swedes between Raccoon Creek and Mantua Creek (Bridgeport) as mentioned in "Early History" in Gloucester County History and Genealogy [Internet site] at accessed 10 November 2008).
  8. Trinity Episcopal 'Old Swedes' Church 1703-2007 [Internet site] at accessed 10 November 2008)."Three years later [1641], Peter Hollander Ridder, the second governor of New Sweden, as the settlement in the Delaware Valley was called, purchased form the Indians the entire eastern side of the Delaware River from Raccoon Creek to Cape May. The first settlement by the Swedes was here on the banks of the Raccoon Creek in 1642, originally named Raccoon and later Swedesboro."
  9. "New Sweden" in Wikipedia.
  10. "New Sweden" in Wikipedia.
  11. "New Netherland" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at accessed 13 December 2008).
  12. "New Netherland" in Wikipedia.
  13. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  14. "A Brief History of the Early Swedes in New Jersey," Gloucester County, New Jersey History Genealogy,, accessed 14 May 2012.
  15. Charles J. Stillé, "Archivum Americanum in the Consistory Court of the Archbishop of Upsal," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 15 (1891):482, 484-485. For free online access, see WeRelate.