Gila County, Arizona Genealogy

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Guide to Gila County, Arizona ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Gila County, Arizona
Gila County, Arizona
Map of Arizona highlighting Gila County
Location in the state of Arizona, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arizona
Location of Arizona in the U.S.
Founded February 8, 1881
County Seat Globe
Arizona, Gila County Courthouse.png
Address 1400 E. Ash Street

Globe, AZ 85501

County Information[edit | edit source]

Gila County, Arizona Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1881 1887 1914 1881 1914 1830
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in July 1909. General compliance by 1926

County Courthouse [edit | edit source]

Gila County Courthouse
1400 East Ash Street
Globe, AZ 85501-1414
Phone: 520-425-3231 [2]

County Clerk has marriage records from 1881
divorce, probate and court records from 1914
County Recorder has land records

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named from a Spanish contraction of Hah-quah-sa-eel, a Yuma word meaning "running water which is salty". The County has Globe as its seat and the County was created February 8, 1881. The County is located in the central area of the state.[3]

History[edit | edit source]

Gila County is located northeast of Maricopa and Pinal Counties in Arizona.  It contains some of the early settlements in Arizona going back to the 1870s. Gila County is named for the Gila River that flows through portions of the southern part of the county. [4]

Payson is the largest town today, its name came from a situation where the town needed a post office and a congressman was reported to have said that if they named the town Payson they would get a post office. The second town that took up the dare was Payson, Utah.

Other towns include Pine, Roosevelt, and Claypool. Defunct localities include 'Motel Point' where a motel once stood just yards northeast of the present-day Roosevelt Dam.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

8 February 1881 - Gila County was created from lands in Maricopa and Pinal Counties.[14]  County seat: Globe [15] This county named for the Gila River. Look for records in the Gila, Maricopa, and Pinal counties.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.

For animated maps illustrating Arizona county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arizona County Boundary Maps" (1852-1993) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[20]

Unincorporated communities
  • Coffeepot
  • Dagger
Native American communities
Census-designated places
  • El Capitan
  • Pinal
  • Ghost towns

    Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

    Resources[edit | edit source]

    Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

    Cemeteries of Gila, Arizona online and in print
    Tombstone Transcriptions Online
    Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
    List of Cemeteries in the County
    See Arizona Cemeteries for more information

    The following web sites may have additional information on Gila County cemeteries.

    Census[edit | edit source]

    Historical populations
    Census Pop.
    1890 2,021
    1900 4,973 146.1%
    1910 16,348 228.7%
    1920 25,678 57.1%
    1930 31,016 20.8%
    1940 23,867 −23.0%
    1950 24,158 1.2%
    1960 25,745 6.6%
    1970 29,255 13.6%
    1980 37,080 26.7%
    1990 40,216 8.5%
    2000 51,335 27.6%
    2010 53,597 4.4%
    Source: "".

    For tips on accessing Gila County, Arizona Genealogy census records online, see: Arizona Census.

    Church[edit | edit source]

    Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For more about Arizona denominations, see Arizona Church Records. Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Globe, Hayden, Miami, Nephi and Pine.

    List of Churches and Church Parishes

    Court[edit | edit source]

    Land[edit | edit source]

    Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

    See Arizona Land and Property for additional information about early Arizona land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

    Local Histories[edit | edit source]

    Local histories are available for Gila County, Arizona Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Arizona Local Histories.

    Maps[edit | edit source]

    Coconino CountyYavapai CountyNavajo CountyGraham CountyPinal CountyMaricopa CountyAZ GILA.PNG
    Click a neighboring county
    for more resources

    Military[edit | edit source]

    Civil War[edit | edit source]
    World War II[edit | edit source]

    Newspapers[edit | edit source]

    Finding More Arizona Newspapers[edit source]

    Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Gila County, Arizona Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

    Obituaries[edit | edit source]

    Green check.png
    The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

    Probate[edit | edit source]

    From 1850 to 1864, probate records of Arizona were kept by the probate courts of New Mexico. From 1864 to 1912, the records were handled by county probate courts. 1912 to present, records such as wills, claims, administrations, case files, and calendars are kept in the custody of the clerk of the superior court in the county courthouse.

    Online Probate Indexes and Records

    Taxation[edit | edit source]

    Vital Records[edit | edit source]

    Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Arizona Department of Health Services or the county clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

    Birth Records[edit | edit source]

    Online Birth Indexes and Records

    Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

    Online Marriage Indexes and Records

    Death Records[edit | edit source]

    Online Death Indexes and Records

    Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

    Northern Gila County Historical Society
    PO Box 2532
    Payson, AZ 85547
    Telephone 928-474-3483

    Gila County Historical Society
    1330 N. Broad St.
    Globe, AZ 85502
    Telephone 928-425-7385
    Hours 10-4 M-F; 11-3 Sat.

    Voting Records[edit | edit source]

    Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

    Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

    • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
    • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

    Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

    Websites[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gila County, Arizona. Page 56-57 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 52.
    2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gila County, Arizona p. 56. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
    3. Wikipedia contributors, "Gila, Arizona ," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arizona 7/10/2017.
    4. See Barnes, Will C., and Byrd H. Granger. Arizona Place Names. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1960, p. 94. WorldCat 479862
    5. Williams 108-110
    6. U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A
    7. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 1st sess./p. 119; N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /pp. 266, 292
    8. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
    9. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
    10. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162
    11. Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25
    12. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ pp. 53-54
    13. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1875, 8th assy./ pp. 19-20
    14. Arizona Territorial Laws 1881, 11th assy. pp. 14-17
    15. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
    16. Arizona Territorial Laws 1885, 13th assy. p. 215
    17. Arizona Territorial Laws 1889, 15th assy. pp. 49-52
    18. Arizona Territorial Laws 1891, 16th assy. pp. 102-103
    19. Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, The Newberry Library, Chicago. Viewed on 11 November 2011.
    20. Wikipedia contributors, "Gila County, Arizona," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arizona, accessed 23 February 2019.