Garland County, Arkansas Genealogy

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Guide to Garland County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Hot Springs
Organized: April 5, 1873
Parent County(s): Saline[1]
Neighboring Counties
Hot Spring  • Montgomery  • Perry  • Saline  • Yell
See County Maps
Location Map
Downtown Hot Springs, Garland County, Arkansas

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Augustus H. Garland, Governor of Arkansas, United States Senator and Grover Cleveland's Attorney General.[2] It is located in the central of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Garland County Courthouse
501 Ouachita Avenue
Hot Springs, AR 71901
Phone: 501.622.3610
Garland County Website

County Clerk has marriage and probate records.
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records[4]

Garland County, Arkansas[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914 1874 1914 1874 1873 1877 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until the 1920s

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1905 - On February 25, 1905 a fire damaged or destroyed everything except tax books of 1904. Some records have been reconstructed as much as possible, particularly deed and mortgage books.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1873--Garland County was created 5 April 1873 from Saline County.
  • County seat: Hot Springs[6]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Hale
  • Hot Springs
  • Lake Hamilton
  • Whittington

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Garland County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [8]

  • 1682-1762 - France claimed all of Arkansas.
  • 1762 - France ceded Louisiana (including the area that became Garland County) to Spain.
  • 1803 April 30 - Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte and U.S. President Thomas Jefferson agreed on the Louisiana Purchase. For about three cents an acre, the future Garland County became part of a U.S. territory.
  • 1818 August 24 - The Quapaw ceded the land around Hot Springs to the United States.
  • 1860-1865 - The county was never occupied by Union troops, but almost the entire population fled to Texas and Louisiana. The citizens feared not only the soldiers but the renegade bands that would terrorize and destroy much of the county.
  • 1873-1900 - Tremendous change occurred in the county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Garland, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 9,023
1890 15,328 69.9%
1900 18,773 22.5%
1910 27,271 45.3%
1920 25,785 −5.4%
1930 36,031 39.7%
1940 41,664 15.6%
1950 47,102 13.1%
1960 46,697 −0.9%
1970 54,131 15.9%
1980 70,531 30.3%
1990 73,397 4.1%
2000 88,068 20.0%
2010 96,024 9.0%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes


  • 1878-1942 - St. Lukes Episcopal Church, Hot Spring, Baptism Index 1878-1942. Batch C586801 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1878-1895 - St. Lukes Episcopal Church, Hot Spring, Marriage Index 1878-1895. Batch M586801 at FamilySearch - free.


  • 1874-1887 - First Methodist Church Baptism Index 1874-1887. Batch C586791 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1876-1884 - First Methodist Church Marriage Index 1876-1884. Batch M586791 at FamilySearch - free.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

  • 1941 Hot Springs, Arkansas, Telephone Directory, Feb 1941. 1941. Southwestern Bell Telephone Company. n.p.: Southwester Bell Telephone Co. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library
  • 1957 Hot Springs, Arkansas, Telephone Directory, Feb 1957. 1957. Southwestern Bell Telephone Company. n.p.: Southwester Bell Telephone Co. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Garland County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Yell CountyPerry CountySaline CountyMontgomery CountyHot Spring CountyAR GARLAND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Garland newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
Parent's Ages Green check.png  
Father's Occupation Green check.png  
Current Residence Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1877, a few county and city clerks[9] started keeping birth and death records.

In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.


See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Garland County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Garland County. For state-wide library facilities, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Garland County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Arkansas Societies.
Garland County Historical Society
328 Quapaw Avenue
Hot Springs, AR 71901

Melting Pot Genealogical Society
649-B Ouachita Ave
Hot Springs, AR 71901

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Garland County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”,
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Garland County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Garland County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Garland County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas, accessed 14 September 2018.
  8. Charles William Cunning, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 13, 2016), “Garland County.”
  9. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
  10. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.
  11. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at