Gallia County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Gallia County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Gallipolis
Organized: March 25, 1803[1]
Parent County(s): Adams, Washington[2]
Neighboring Counties
Meigs  • Vinton  • Jackson  • Lawrence  • Mason (WV)  • Cabell (WV)
See County Maps
Gallia County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH gallia.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county name originated from the Latin word for France. It is located in the South-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Gallia County Courthouse
18 Locust Street
Gallipolis, Ohio 45631-1251
Phone: 740-441-2185
Gallia County Website

Probate Judge has birth, marriage, death and probate records;
County Health Department has burial records;
Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1850;
County Recorder has land records[4]

Gallia County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1864 1803 1867 1850 1803 1803 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1981 A courthouse fire may have damaged or destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Gallia County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 4,181
1820 7,098 69.8%
1830 9,733 37.1%
1840 13,444 38.1%
1850 17,063 26.9%
1860 22,043 29.2%
1870 25,545 15.9%
1880 28,124 10.1%
1890 27,005 −4.0%
1900 27,918 3.4%
1910 25,745 −7.8%
1920 23,311 −9.5%
1930 23,050 −1.1%
1940 24,930 8.2%
1950 24,910 −0.1%
1960 26,120 4.9%
1970 25,239 −3.4%
1980 30,098 19.3%
1990 30,954 2.8%
2000 31,069 0.4%
2010 30,934 −0.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

  • 1871-1872 Wiggins and Weaver's Ohio River Directory for 1871-1872 (Cleveland, OH: Wiggins & Weaver, 1871) Online at Google Books

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Vinton CountyJackson CountyLawrence CountyMeigs CountyMason CountyCabell CountyOH GALLIA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Civil War service men from Knox County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Knox County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company E
- 56th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A and E
- George's Independent Company, Ohio Cavalry

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Gallia County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Gallia County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Gallia County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Gallia County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Bossard Memorial Library
7 Spruce St
Gallipolis, OH 45631-1220

Museums[edit | edit source]

Our House Tavern
432 First Ave
Gallipolis, OH 45631

John Gee Black Historical Center
48 Pine St
Gallipolis, OH 45631

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Gallia County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Gallia County Genealogical Society
459 2nd Ave
PO Box 1007
Gallipolis, OH 45631

Samuel L. Bossard Memorial Library
7 Spruce St
Gallipolis, OH 45631

The Gallia County Historical Society
340 Second Ave
Gallipolis, OH 45631

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. accessed 2/16/2017
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Gallia County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 10 December 2018.

Gallia County Reference Books and Lookup Volunteers.