Fremont County, Colorado Genealogy

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Guide to Fremont County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Canon City
Organized: November 1, 1861
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Chaffee  • Custer  • El Paso  • Park  • Pueblo  • Saguache  • Teller
See County Maps
Location Map
Colorado Fremont County.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for explorer and presidential candidate John C. Fremont. [2]The County is located in the central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Fremont County Courthouse
615 Macon Rm 100
Canon City, CO 81212
Phone: 719-276-7330
Fremont County Website

County Clerk has marriage and land records;
Clerk district Court has divorce, probate and court records [4]

Fremont County, Colorado Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1884 1865 1884 1868 1862 1874 1860
*Statewide registration for births in 1910 and deaths in 1910. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns
  • Whitehorn

Other links to Cities and towns found in Fremont County include:

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Fremont, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

In 1860, present-day Colorado was enumerated in the Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah Territories. Colorado Territory was created in 1861 and was enumerated as such in the 1870 Census. A state census was taken in 1885 for Colorado.[8] See links listed below.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 1,064
1880 4,735 345.0%
1890 9,156 93.4%
1900 15,636 70.8%
1910 18,181 16.3%
1920 17,883 −1.6%
1930 18,196 1.8%
1940 19,742 8.5%
1950 18,366 −7.0%
1960 20,196 10.0%
1970 21,942 8.6%
1980 28,676 30.7%
1990 32,273 12.5%
2000 46,145 43.0%
2010 46,824 1.5%
Source: "".

State and Territory Census Records[edit | edit source]

Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]

The 1880 Census was the first Federal Census for Colorado after it became a state in 1876.[9] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Colorado Census.

  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at — index/images

Mortality Schedules

  • 1880 Mortality Schedule for Fremont County. This schedule is available at
Persons who died the year ending May 31, 1880.
Name; age; sex; color; whether single, married, widowed, or divorced
place of birth; where father born; where mother born;
profession, occupation, or trade;
month in which the person died;
disease or cause of death;
how long a resident of the county?;
place where disease was contracted, if not Fremont County;
name of attending physician.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Online Church Records

Presbyterian Church

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Canon City

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Online Directories

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Colorado Land and Property

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

1813-1890 The county is named for explorer and presidential candidate John C. Fremont (1813-1890), called by historians the Great Pathfinder.

Crossing The Plains in 1864 and Early History of Fremont County, by William H. Callen.

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Saguache CountyCuster CountyPueblo CountyEl Paso CountyTeller CountyPark CountyChaffee CountyCO FREMONT.JPG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Online Collections[edit | edit source]

These collections are unique to Colorado. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Colorado Military Records.

All Veterans

Civil War

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

World War II

Vietnam War

For further information see Colorado Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Records

See the FamilySearch wiki page for Colorado Naturalization and Citizenship.

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

For more information, see Colorado Newspapers.

Colorado Newspapers Online

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

Microfilm of years of the Canon City Daily Record are housed at the Royal Gorge Museum and History Center. Contact them for specific years.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Pension Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

  • The Colorado Magazine was published by the Colorado Historical Society from 1923 to 1980 and contains hundreds of articles about significant Colorado and Western people and events. Since 1980, the quarterly has been titled Colorado Heritage. (Denver)
  • Pinon Whispers, published quarterly by the Southeastern Colorado Genealogy Society. (Pueblo)

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [10]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Death[edit | edit source]

Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [10]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Fremont County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Colorado Archives and Libraries.

The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Fremont County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Fremont County. For state-wide library facilities, see Colorado Archives and Libraries.

Canon City Public Library
516 Macon Ave
Canon City, CO 81212

Cotopaxi School/Community Library
345 County Road 12
Cotopaxi, CO 81223

John C. Fremont Library District (Florence)
130 Church Ave
Florence, CO 81226

Penrose Community Library District
35 7th Avenue
Penrose, Colorado 81240

Museums[edit | edit source]

Florence Pioneer Museum
100 E Front St
Florence, CO 81226

Museum of Colorado Prisons
201 N 1st Street
Cañon City, CO

Royal Gorge Regional Museum and History Center
612 Royal Gorge Blvd
Cañon City, CO 81212

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Fremont County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Colorado Societies.

Fremont County Historical Society
PO Box 965
Canon City, CO 81215

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Fremont County, Colorado Genealogy and History", 6/28/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Fremont, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Colorado 6/28/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fremont County, Colorado. Page 98 ; .
  5. Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 92.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Fremont County, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Colorado, accessed 28 May 2017.
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 51-54; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 86. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  9. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 54.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08.