Franklin County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Franklin County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Columbus
Organized: April 30, 1803[1]
Parent County(s): Ross, Wayne, unorganized land [2]
Neighboring Counties
Delaware  • Licking  • Fairfield  • Pickaway  • Madison  • Union
See County Maps
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named after Benjamin Franklin. It is located in the Mid-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Franklin County Government Center
373 South High Street, 23rd Floor
Columbus, OH 43215
Phone: 614-525-3600
Franklin County Website

Probate Court has birth and death records before 1908, marriage and probate records;
Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1803;
County Auditor has land records[4]

Franklin County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1908 1803 1908 1803 1800 1805 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

The 1820 US Federal Census is missing for Franklin County.

1879 A courthouse fire may have damaged or destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • Created just 2 months after Ohio became a state.
  • Originally extended all the way to Lake Erie before the divisions.
  • Parts set off in a series of divisions:
-20 February 1805: Champaign
-10 February 1808: Delaware
-12 January 1810: Pickaway
-16 February 1810: Madison
-10 January 1820: Union

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Franklin County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 3,486
1820 10,292 195.2%
1830 14,741 43.2%
1840 25,049 69.9%
1850 42,909 71.3%
1860 50,361 17.4%
1870 63,019 25.1%
1880 86,797 37.7%
1890 124,087 43.0%
1900 164,460 32.5%
1910 221,567 34.7%
1920 283,951 28.2%
1930 361,055 27.2%
1940 388,712 7.7%
1950 503,410 29.5%
1960 682,962 35.7%
1970 833,249 22.0%
1980 869,132 4.3%
1990 961,437 10.6%
2000 1,068,978 11.2%
2010 1,163,414 8.8%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes


Christ Lutheran Church, Columbus

  • Records of Christ Lutheran Church, Columbus, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).


  • Records of the American Lutheran Church, Gahanna, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Union CountyDelaware CountyLicking CountyFairfield CountyPickaway CountyMadison CountyOH FRANKLIN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Franklin County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Franklin County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Companies F and K
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery, Company C
- 113th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B, C, H, and I
  • Franklin County, Ohio Civil War Military Roster. (Austin, Minnesota : Ohio Genealogy Center, c1984). FHL book 977.156 M2f
  • Histories of the large companies from Franklin County can be found in William Brothers, History of Franklin and Pickaway Counties, Ohio : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of the prominent men and pioneers 1880. (Indiana: Unigraphic, 1974). On line at: FamilySearch Digital Library

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Franklin County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Franklin County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Franklin County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Franklin County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Columbus Metropolitan Library
Main Library
96 S Grant Ave
Columbus, OH 43215-4781

Ohio Historical Society Archives Library
Ohio History Center
800 E 17th Ave
Columbus OH 43211

State Library of Ohio (Sources for Genealogists)
274 E First Ave
Columbus, OH 43201

Bexley Public Library
2411 E Main St
Bexley, OH 43209-2498

Grandview Heights Public Library
1685 W First Ave
Grandview Heights, OH 43212

Southwest Public Libraries
3959 Broadway
Grove City, OH 43123-2699
614-875-6716 x133 (Office)

Upper Arlington Public Library
2800 Tremont Rd
Upper Arlington, OH 43221-3199

Westerville Public Library
126 S State St
Westerville, OH 43081-2095

Worthington Libraries
820 High St
Worthington, OH 43085-4108

Museums[edit | edit source]

Ohio Village
800 E 17th Ave
Columbus, OH 43211

Grove City Welcome Center & Museum
3378-B Park St
Grove City, OH 43123

Hanby House
Westerville Historical Society
PO Box 1063
Westerville, OH 43086
614-891-6289 / 800-600-6843

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Franklin County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Columbus Historical Society
717 W Town St
Columbus, OH 43222

The Franklin County Genealogical & Historical Society
96 S Grant Ave
Columbus, OH 43215-4702

The Ohio Genealogical Society
611 State Route 97 West
Bellville, OH 44813

Ohio History Connection
800 E 17th Ave
Columbus, OH 43211
614-297-2300 / 800-686-6124

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Franklin County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 12 November 2018.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. accessed 2/16/2017
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Franklin County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 12 November 2018.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Franklin County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 12 November 2018.