Franklin County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Franklin County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Russellville
Organized: February 6, 1818
Parent County(s): Cherokee and Chickasaw Cession
Neighboring Counties
Colbert  • Itawamba (MS)  • Lawrence  • Marion  • Tishomingo (MS)  • Winston
See County Maps
Franklin County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Franklin County Alabama.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named in honor of Benjamin Franklin, famous statesman, scientist, and printer. [1]The county is located in the northwest area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Franklin County Courthouse
410 North Jackson Ave.
PO Box 160
Russellville, AL 35653
Phone: 256-332-8861
Franklin County Website

Probate Judge has marriage, probate and land records from 1890;
Clerk Circuit Court has court records from 1923 and divorce records[3]

Franklin County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1916 1890 1890 1923 1890 1890 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Franklin County had a destructive courthouse fire in 1890. See Research in Alabama: A Genealogical Guide page 27 for suggested alternative sources to overcome this loss.[5]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1818--Franklin County was created 6 February 1818 from the Cherokee and Chickasaw Cession of 1816.
  • County seat: Russellville[6]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Franklin County:[7]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Hills
  • Jonesboro
  • Newburg

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Biographies of many notable residents of Franklin County were published in Memorial Record of Alabama (1893). Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library. Begins on page 1027.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Franklin, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 4,988
1830 11,078 122.1%
1840 14,270 28.8%
1850 19,610 37.4%
1860 18,627 −5.0%
1870 8,006 −57.0%
1880 9,155 14.4%
1890 10,681 16.7%
1900 16,511 54.6%
1910 19,369 17.3%
1920 22,011 13.6%
1930 25,372 15.3%
1940 27,552 8.6%
1950 25,705 −6.7%
1960 21,988 −14.5%
1970 23,933 8.8%
1980 28,350 18.5%
1990 27,814 −1.9%
2000 31,223 12.3%
2010 31,704 1.5%
Source: "".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Franklin County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

  • Northern Alabama, Historical and Biographical. Birmingham, Ala.: Smith and De Land, 1888. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library. Franklin County begins on page 102.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

ColbertLawrewnceWinstonMarionItawamba County, MSTishomingo County, MSAL FRANKLIN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War, 1861-1865

Regiments. Men in Franklin County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Franklin County:

- 1st Battalion, Alabama Artillery, Company F
- 2nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Cavalry (Roddy's), Company E and L
- 5th Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company E
- 16th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A
- 16th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E and H
- 27th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A, B and G
- 35th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B and K

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Franklin County has one book.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry$ Franklin County is in District 3.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Franklin County Archives
300 East Limestone St.
Russellville, AL 35653
Phone: 256-332-8827

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Franklin County. For state-wide library facilities, see Alabama Archives and Libraries.

Russellville Public Library
110 East Lawrence St.
Russellville, Alabama 35653

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Natchez Trace Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 420
Florence, AL 35360
Publication: Natchez Trace Traveler

Russellville Heritage Preservation Society
P. O. Box 1095
Russellville, AL 35653

Tennessee Valley Historical Society
P. O. Box 149
Sheffield, AL 35660
Publication: Journal of Muscle Shoals History

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Franklin County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, 06/05/2017.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Franklin, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 06/05/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Marilyn Davis Barefield, Researching in Alabama: a Genealogical Guide (Birmingham, Alabama : Birmingham Public Library, 1998), 27. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 976.1 D27b 1998.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Franklin County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 16 October 2018.