France Research Tips and Strategies

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Beginning Research
Record Types
France Background
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The FamilySearch moderator for France is SugdenHG

Purpose of Research Tips and Strategies Wiki Page

The France Research Tips and Strategies page consists of links to specific research strategies for France. It also contains general tips and other resources for finding your ancestors in this locality.

France Research Strategies[edit | edit source]

France Research Tips[edit | edit source]

  • Civil records are crucial for research in France. Civil authorities began registering births, marriages, and deaths in 1792.
  • French citizens of Alsace-Lorraine (Haut Rhin, Bas Rhin, Moselle) often speak German. Many people from this area moved to Russia and the Ukraine and are discussed in Germans from Russia Genealogy.

Record Types and Beginning Dates[edit | edit source]

Record Type (English) Record Type (French) Records Begin
Civil registration Etat civil 1792
Church records Registres ecclésiastiques 1525
Census, population registers and tax lists Recensement, centième, denier, registres de la taille et autres registres d’impôts seigneuriaux et royaux 1590
Notarial records Registres notariaux 1300
Genealogical collections Collections généalogiques 1000
Passenger lists, emigration registers and passports Rôles des passagers, registres des émigrés, demandes des passeports pour l’étranger et l’intérieur 1686
Orphan and guardianship records Tutelles, curatelles, émancipations 1500
Naturalization and name change records Lettres de naturalisation et de changements de noms 1635
Feudal and allegiance records Fiefs, terriers, aveux, dénombrements, hommages, reconnaissances des tailles; registres de la justice seigneuriale 1000
Death memorials and cemetery inscriptions Obituaires, registres des cultes anniversaires des décès, et inscriptions mortuaires 1400
Military conscriptions, exemptions, deserters Registres de conscription, dossiers d’exemption, listes des déserteurs 1800
Burgess rolls and guild records Registres de bourgeoisie et corporations de métiers 1300
City directories Répertoires d’adresses 1700
Hospital records Registres des hôtels-Dieu et des hôpitaux 1700
French colonial records Registres d’engagement pour les colonies françaises 1634
Public officials and government employee records Dossiers personnels des fonctionnaires 1525
School records Registres de l’instruction publique, des universités, collèges, sociétés académiques 1300
Convent records Registres des monastères, couvents, abbayes, évêchés 1200