Fincastle County, Virginia Genealogy

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Fincastle County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Fincastle County (1772-1776) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including marriage records, wills, deeds and land records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, and churches.

Historic Facts[edit | edit source]

Short-lived county on the Southwest Virginia frontier. Established 1772 and dissolved 1776 when it was divided to form Montgomery, Washington and Kentucky counties in Virginia.

Researchers studying pioneer families in East Tennessee may find their ancestors in records of Fincastle County.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1772--Fincastle County was created in 1772 from Botetourt County. See County Formations Database (Kentucky Land Office)

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

1776--Became extinct in 1776 when it was divided to form Montgomery, Washington and Kentucky counties in Virginia.. See County Formations Database (Kentucky Land Office)

Some records are kept by Montgomery County, Virginia.

See an interactive map of Fincastle County boundary changes

John R. Hildebrand prepared a map identifying the location of Fincastle County between 1772 and 1777: FHL Map 975 E7hi.

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Bedford | Botetourt | Pittsylvania

Resources[edit | edit source]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

  • Michael L. Cook and Bettie A. Cook, Fincastle and Kentucky County, Va.-Ky.: Records and History (Evansville, Ind.: Cook Pub., 1987). FHL Book 976.9 H2cc.

Biography[edit | edit source]

  • T.W. Preston, "Some Famous Civilians of Southwestern Virginia: That Portion Formerly Embraced in East Fincastle County," Bulletin (Historical Society of Washington County, Virginia), No. 15 (Nov. 1947). FHL Book 975.5725 H25b no. 15.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Baptists[edit | edit source]
  • 1776 Petition of Baptists (10,000 names!) and sympathizers from all over Virginia, dated 16 October 1776, asking for an end to persecution of Baptists by the established church. After locating your ancestor, view the digital copies.
    – Digital copies at Library of Congress; also at Library of Virginia using the code word "000606093"
    – Hall, Jean Pickett. "Legislative Petitions: the 10,000 name petition" transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39, (Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Genealogical Society, 1983-) online at Ancestry ($) and in book form at various libraries.
Presbyterian[edit | edit source]

Sinking Creek Presbyterian Church - est 1772. Located near Wolf Hills (Abingdon).

Court Records[edit | edit source]

  • Spillman and Thomas. "Fincastle County, Virginia Road Orders, 1773-1776."
  • "Minutes of Fincastle County Court (pp 588-651) 5 Jan 1773 - 3 Sep 1776," Distant Crossroads [Hawkins Co., TN Genealogical Society], Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 1986): 89-90. FHL US/CAN Book 976.895 B2d. [Source: Summers' Annals of Southwestern Virginia.]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


  • [Breckenridge] Kennedy, Mary Selden. Seldens of Virginia and Allied Families. New York: Frank Allaben Genealogical Co., c1911. Digital versions of Vol. 1 at FamilySearch. Digital Library, Google Books, Internet Archive | Vol. 2 at FamilySearch Digital Library, Internet Archive; FHL Book 929.273 Se48k.
  • [Drake] Drake, Charles E. "The Drake Family of Ninety Six District and Abbeville County, South Carolina," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Fall 2001):183-195. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 29
  • [Duncan] Dobson, Mary Ann Duncan. Duncan Research Files of Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson. MSS. 1975-1999. FHL Film 795592 Item 6 Includes Fincastle County.
  • [McGriff] Hill, Joseph Edward. Captain James McGriff (1755-1830) and His Descendants. Leesburg, Fla.: J.E. Hill, 1979. FHL Book 929.273 M137h.
  • [McNew] Hockett, Thomas Jack and Janice M. Snead. The Macknew (McNew) and Marlow (Marler; Marley) Family of Prince Georges Cty, Md., Frederick (Berkeley) Cty, Va. and Fincastle (Washington) Cty., Va., and the Possibly Allied Families of Hargis and Berry. Typescript, microfilmed 1991. FHL Collection 1697545 Item 21; also FHL Collection 929.273 M218ht
  • [Marshall] Marshall, Ganell. The Marshall Family. 2004.
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. Page Family Records in Virginia Counties. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2 [Fincastle County appears in Vol. 2 Part 2]
  • [Shelby] Armstrong, Zella. Notable Southern Families. Chattanooga, Tenn.: Lookout Publishing Company, 1922. Digital version at: FamilySearch Digital Library-Vol 1, FamilySearch Digital Library-Vol. 2.
  • [Spratt] Buchanan, Paul C. "The Spratt Family of Southwest Virginia Prior to 1800," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1988):297-305. Digital version at American Ancestors by NEHGS ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 32 (1988).

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Mary B Kegley's Early Adventurers on the Western Waters includes many Fincastle County entries, military warrants, surveys and deeds. Vol 1, Chapter 2 and 3 also covers the land companies. For the New River area see also Vol 2 and 5.


  • "Fincastle County Virginia Deeds 1773-1777," Distant Crossroads [Hawkins Co., TN Genealogical Society], Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 1986): 91. FHL US/CAN Book 976.895 B2d. [Source: Summers' Annals of Southwestern Virginia.]

Land Surveys

  • "Fincastle County Virginia Land Surveys," [1774] Distant Crossroads [Hawkins Co., TN Genealogical Society], Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 1986): 91. FHL US/CAN Book 976.895 B2d. [Source: Summers' Annals of Southwestern Virginia.]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

Dunmore's War and Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Fincastle County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Fincastle County supplied soldiers for the:

- 7th Virginia Regiment
- 8th Virginia Regiment
- 14th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

"Pay Roll for Captain Womack's Company of Militia stationed at Womack's Fort in Fincastle County (1777)," transcribed by Will Graves, is available for free online, courtesy: Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution.

  • Augusta, Bedford, Botetourt, Culpeper and Fincastle Payrolls and Public Service Claims, 1775 also Known as Dunmore's War: Enlarged and Photocopied. Ft. Wayne, Ind.: Allen County Public Library, 2004? FHL Collection 975.5 M2au
  • Harwell, Richard Barksdale. The Committees of Safety of Westmoreland and Fincastle Proceedings of the County Committees, 1774-1776. Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1956. 1974 reprint: FHL Collection 975.5 N2c 1974
  • Kegley, Mary B. Soldiers of Fincastle County, Virginia 1774. Dublin, Va.: M.B. Kegley, 1974. FHL Collection 975.5 A1 no. 12
  • List of Capt Evan Shelby's Co of Volunteers from the Watauga Valley in the Fincastle County Battalion and also a partial list of Capt Wm Campbells Company is on page 1413 of Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800. Avail at Ancestry $

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

  • Worrell, Anne Lowry. A Brief of Wills and Marriages in Montgomery and Fincastle Counties, Virginia, 1773-1831. Christiansburg, Va.: Montgomery Messenger Pub. Corp., 1932. FHL Collection 32634.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]


References[edit | edit source]