Fillmore County, Minnesota Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Fillmore County, Minnesota ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Preston
Organized: March 1853, 1853[1]
Parent County(s): Wabasha[2]
Neighboring Counties
Houston  • Howard (IA)  • Mower  • Olmsted  • Winneshiek (IA)  • Winona
See County Maps
Minnesota, Fillmore County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Minnesota Fillmore County Map.svg.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Millard Fillmore, thirteenth President of the United States. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Fillmore County Courthouse
101 Fillmore St
Preston, MN 55965
Phone: 507-765-3356 (Court Administration)
Phone: 507-765-4701
Fillmore County Website

County Administrator has birth and death records from 1870, marriage records from 1865, divorce and court records from 1885 and probate records from 1858.
County Recorder has land records.[4]

Fillmore County, Minnesota Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1870 1865 1870 1885 1853 1858 1836
*Statewide registration started for births in 1900 and deaths in 1908. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Curtiss-Wedge, Franklyn; Willford, William; and White, Milo; History of Fillmore County, Minnesota; (Chicago: H.C. Cooper, Jr & Co; 1912); Volume two (biographical] online at FamilySearch Digital Library, Google Books.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Fillmore County, Minnesota online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Minnesota Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For links to Federal, State, and Territorial censuses, see Minnesota Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 13,542
1870 24,887 83.8%
1880 28,162 13.2%
1890 25,996 −7.7%
1900 28,288 8.8%
1910 25,680 −9.2%
1920 25,330 −1.4%
1930 24,748 −2.3%
1940 25,830 4.4%
1950 24,465 −5.3%
1960 23,768 −2.8%
1970 21,916 −7.8%
1980 21,930 0.1%
1990 20,777 −5.3%
2000 21,122 1.7%
2010 20,866 −1.2%
Source: "".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information, see Minnesota Church Records.


  • 1800-1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America at Minnesota Historical Society ($)
  • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($) has the following information:
    • American Lutheran Church, Rushford
    • American Lutheran Church, Spring Valley
    • Bloomfield Lutheran Church, Ostrander
    • First Lutheran Church, Whalan
    • Greenfield Lutheran Church, Harmony
    • Henrytown Lutheran Church, Canton
    • Highland Prairie Lutheran Church, Peterson
    • Mabel Lutheran Church
    • Ostrander Lutheran Church

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

The county register of deeds keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Fillmore County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Minnesota Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Olmsted CountyWinona CountyHouston CountyMower CountyHoward CountyWinneshiek CountyMN FILLMORE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Civil War service men from Fillmore County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are many companies or regiments that were formed from men of Fillmore County.

- 1st Regiment, Minnesota Cavalry (Mounted Rangers), Companies F and I.
- 1st Regiment, Minnesota Heavy Artillery, Company D.
- 2nd Regiment, Minnesota Cavalry, Company A.
- 2nd Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company A.
- 3rd Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company C.
- 5th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company B.
- 6th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company K.
- 7th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company E.
- 8th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company D.
- 11th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company I.
- 15th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company K.
- Brackett's Battalion, Minnesota Cavalry, Company D.

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records may include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Minnesota Probate Records for additional information.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Since Minnesota tax records include only persons who owned taxable property, many residents were not included. Still they complement land records and can be used in place of missing censuses or the years between censuses. There may also be gaps. For more information, see the wiki page Minnesota Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Minnesota Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Fillmore County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Fillmore County. For state-wide library facilities, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Fillmore County History Center and Genealogy Library
202 County Rd 8
Fountain, MN 55935
Phone: 507-268-4449

Chatfield Public Library
314 S Main St
Chatfield, MN 55923
Phone: 507-867-3480

Harmony Public Library
225 3rd Avenue SW
Harmony, MN 55939
Phone: 507-886-8133

Lanesboro Public Library
202 Parkway Ave S
Lanesboro, MN 55949
Phone: 507-467-2649

Mabel Public Library
110 E Newburg
Mabel, MN 55954
Phone: 507-493-5336

Preston Public Library
101 St Paul St NW
Preston, MN 55965
Phone: 507-765-4511

Rushford Public Library
101 Mill St N
Rushford, MN 55971
Phone: 507-864-7600

Spring Valley Public Library
121 W Jefferson St
Spring Valley, MN 55975
Phone: 507-346-2100

Museums[edit | edit source]

Fillmore County Historical Center and Library
202 County Rd 8
Fountain, MN 55935
Phone: 507-268-4449

Canton Historical Society
Mitson House Museum
307 N Main St
Canton, MN 55922

Canton Depot
Intersection of Main Street and Prairie Avenue
P.O. Box 15
Canton, MN 55922

Chatfield Historical Museum & Archives
Thurber Community Center, Lower Level
21 Second St SE
Chatfield, MN 55923

Veterans Memorial Museum
Chatfield Public Library, Lower Level
314 S Main St
Chatfield, MN 55923
Phone: 507-867-9094 or 507-867-3756

Preston Historical Society
Preston Open Air History Museum
P.O. Box 138
Fillmore Street and Root River State Trail
Preston, MN 55965
Phone: 507-765-2559

Rushford Area Historical Society Museum
401 S Elm St
P.O. Box 98
Rushford, MN 55971-0098
Phone: 507-864-7560

Spring Valley Community Historical Society
Methodist Church Museum
221 W Courtland St
Spring Valley, MN 55975
Phone: 507-346-7659

Wykoff Area Historical Society
Ed's Museum
100 Gold St S
P.O. Box 182
Wykoff, MN 55990-8710
Phone: 507-951-5734

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Fillmore County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Minnesota Societies.

Fillmore County Historical Society Museum and Library
202 County Road 8
Fountain, MN 55935
Phone: 507-268-4449

Harmony Area Historical Society
P.O. Box 291
15 2nd Street NW
Harmony, MN 55939
Phone: 507-886-2469

Preston Historical Society
P.O. Box 138
Preston, MN 55965

Rushford Area Historical Society
403 E North St
Rushford, MN 55971
Phone: 507-864-7560

Spring Valley Community Historical Society
220 W Courtland St
Spring Valley, MN 55975-1232
Phone: 507-346-7659

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Fillmore County, Minnesota" in,_Minnesota accessed 12 Nov 2018
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Fillmore County, Minnesota," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Minnesota, accessed 27 January 2020.