Fayette County, Iowa Genealogy

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Guide to Fayette County, Iowa ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: West Union
Organized: 26 August 1850[1]
Parent County(s): Dubuque, Unorganized territory[2]
Neighboring Counties
Allamakee  • Black Hawk  • Bremer  • Buchanan  • Chickasaw  • Clayton  • Delaware  • Winnishiek
See County Maps
Courthouse
Iowa, Fayette County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Iowa Fayette Map.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Fayette County was named for Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de LaFayette and is located in northeastern Iowa.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Fayette County Courthouse
114 N Vine St
West Union, IA 52175
Phone: 563-422-5694
Fayette County Website

Fayette County, Iowa Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1851 1880 1852 1855 1869 1847
* Statewide registration started for births in July 1880 and for deaths January 1891. General compliance by 1924.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1872 Courthouse was burned.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
Townships


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Listed below are resources for Bible records specific to Fayette County. To find more resources, go to the Iowa Bible Records page.


Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Heritage of Fayette County, Iowa, 1996. West Union, IA: Fayette County Historical Society & Fayette County Genealogical Society. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Historical Sketches of Fayette County, Iowa in the Forties and Fifties. Thomas Draper Peterman. nd. np: np. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • The History of Fayette County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, its Cities, Towns, &c., a Biographical Directory of its Citizens... Map of Fayette County. 1878. Chicago, IL: Western Historical Company, Successors to H.F. Kett & Co. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library, Internet Archives, Hathitrust — index & images.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Fayette County, Iowa online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Iowa Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa recorded not only federal, but state censuses for several in-between years as well. For more information, see the very informative Iowa Census article.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 825
1860 12,073 1363.4%
1870 16,973 40.6%
1880 22,258 31.1%
1890 23,141 4.0%
1900 29,845 29.0%
1910 27,919 −6.5%
1920 29,251 4.8%
1930 29,145 −0.4%
1940 29,151 0.0%
1950 28,294 −2.9%
1960 28,581 1.0%
1970 26,898 −5.9%
1980 25,488 −5.2%
1990 21,843 −14.3%
2000 22,008 0.8%
2010 20,880 −5.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records.

Lutheran

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. They include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded and housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Fayette County, which may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Iowa Local Histories.

  • Heritage of Fayette County, Iowa, 1996. West Union, IA: Fayette County Historical Society & Fayette County Genealogical Society. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Historical Sketches of Fayette County, Iowa in the Forties and Fifties. Thomas Draper Peterman. nd. np: np. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • The History of Fayette County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, its Cities, Towns, &c., a Biographical Directory of its Citizens... Map of Fayette County. 1878. Chicago, IL: Western Historical Company, Successors to H.F. Kett & Co. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library, Internet Archives, Hathitrust — index & images.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Chickasaw CountyBremer CountyBlack Hawk CountyWinneshiek CountyAllamakee CountyClayton CountyBuchanan CountyDelaware CountyIA FAYETTE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Civil War service men in Fayette County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed here:

- 3rd Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company F
- 6th Regiment, Iowa Cavalry, Company C
- 9th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company F
- 12th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company C
- 15th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company H
- 18th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company H
- 46th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company D

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Please see the Iowa Naturalization and Citizenship page for state-wide information.

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. Iowa's unique Old Age Assistance tax gives names, addresses and birth years. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded by civil officials on registers, certificates, and other documents. Copies or extracts may be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office. See also Iowa Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Fayette County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Fayette County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Fayette Community Library
104 W State Street
PO Box 107
Fayette, IA 52142-0107
563-425-3344
E-mail: fayettelib@iowatelecom.net
Website
Facebook

Oelwein Public Library
201 E Charles Street
Oelwein, IA 50662
319-283-1515
Email: oelwein@oelwein.lib.ia.us
Website
Facebook

Museums[edit | edit source]

Fayette County Historical Center
100 N Walnut St
West Union, IA 52175
563-422-5797
Facebook

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Fayette County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Iowa Societies.

Fayette County Historical & Genealogical Society
100 N Walnut St
West Union, IA 52175
563-422-5797
E-mail: fayettehistorical@gmail.com
Facebook

Oelwein Area Genealogical Society
PO Box 389
Oelwein, IA 50662-0389
E-mail: Oelwein_Area_Genealogical_Society@hotmail.com
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • Fayette County at Cyndi's List - a comprehensive, categorized & cross-referenced list of links that point you to genealogical research sites online
  • Fayette County at Genealogy Trails - volunteer transcriptions of genealogical and historical data
  • Fayette County at Iowa USGenWeb - free online resources for genealogical research
  • Fayette County at Iowa USGenWeb Archives - free online data for genealogical research
  • State Historical Society of Iowa — select from research collection topics
  • State Library of Iowa — electronic depository of documents intended for the general public produced by Iowa agencies
  • The Iowa Heritage Digital Collection — digital images from a variety of Iowa cultural institutions
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 6/19/2021.
  2. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 6/19/2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Fayette, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fayette_County,_Iowa."
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 11 Jul 2021.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Fayette County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fayette_County,_Iowa#Communities, accessed 5 September 2019.