Fairfield County, Connecticut Genealogy

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Guide to Fairfield County, Connecticut ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

This article is about a county in Connecticut. For other uses, see Fairfield (disambiguation).
County Facts
County seat:
Organized: May 10, 1666
Parent County(s): Colonial lands
Neighboring Counties
Litchfield  • New Haven  • Dutchess (NY)  • Nassau (NY)  • Putnam (NY)  • Suffolk (NY)  • Westchester (NY)
See County Maps
Courthouse
Connecticut, Fairfield County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Ct-fairfield.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named referring to the beauty of its fields. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[1] It was named for the hundreds of acres of salt marsh that bordered the coast.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

There is no county government. The government is at the town level: Fairfield Region

Fairfield County, Connecticut Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1700 1700 1700 late 1600s 1761 1648 1670
*Statewide registration of births and deaths started in 1897. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Cities
Towns
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns
  • Huntington


Towns Organized before 1800:

  • Brookfield 1788
  • Danbury 1685
  • Fairfield 1639
  • Greenwich 1640
  • Huntington (Shelton) 1789
  • New Fairfield 1740
  • Newtown 1711
  • Norwalk 1651
  • Redding 1767
  • Ridgefield 1708
  • Stamford 1641
  • Trumbull 1798
  • Weston 1787

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • William Willard Roberts, Pioneers and patriots of Pequannock, 1639-1799 , (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983).Includes sections of old Fairfield, Stratford, and Stratfield."This historical synopsis...makes no pretense of being complete." Pequannock now known as Bridgeport, Connecticut.Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Fiche 6019422.
  • J.H. Beers & Company, Commemorative biographical record of Fairfield County, Connecticut containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, and of many of the early settled families, (Chicago, Illinois J.H. Beers, 1899).Includes fullname index.Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Film 1421858 Items 4-5, or FHL US/CAN Book 974.69 D3c pt.2.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Fairfield, Connecticut online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Connecticut Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For online and statewide census resources and information, see: Connecticut Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 36,290
1800 38,208 5.3%
1810 41,050 7.4%
1820 42,739 4.1%
1830 47,010 10.0%
1840 49,917 6.2%
1850 59,775 19.7%
1860 77,476 29.6%
1870 95,276 23.0%
1880 112,042 17.6%
1890 150,081 34.0%
1900 184,203 22.7%
1910 245,322 33.2%
1920 320,936 30.8%
1930 386,702 20.5%
1940 418,384 8.2%
1950 504,342 20.5%
1960 653,589 29.6%
1970 792,814 21.3%
1980 807,143 1.8%
1990 827,645 2.5%
2000 882,567 6.6%
2010 916,829 3.9%
Source: Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Deeds, mortgages, releases, and other documents are at the town halls. Most are indexed by grantor and grantee, no statewide index. Microfilm copies (early to the mid or late 1800s, with some up to the 1900s) are available at the Connecticut State Library and also online at FamilySearch.org.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Dutchess CountyPutnam CountyWestchester CountyNassau CountySuffolk CountyNew Haven CountyLitchfield CountyCT FAIRFIELD.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War
African American Civil War Memorial in Danbury, CT

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

The records are kept at district courts. The County government does not exist. Not every town has a court. Some are included in a district making up from 1 to 5 towns. The Districts are: Avon, Berlin, Bristol, Burlington, Canton, East Granby, East Hartford, East Windsor, Enfield, Farmington, Granby, Hartford, Hartland, Manchester, Marlborough, Plainville, Simsbury, Southington, Suffield, and Windsor.
See Connecticut Probate Records. See also Connecticut State Library, Research Guide to Connecticut Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Fairfield County. For state-wide facilities, see Connecticut Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Fairfield County. For state-wide library facilities, see Connecticut Archives and Libraries.


Bethel Public Library
189 Greenwood Ave
Bethel, CT 06801
(203) 794-8756
E-mail: adult@bethellibrary.org
Facebook
Website

Bridgeport Public Library – History Center
925 Broad Street(3rd floor)
Bridgeport, CT 06604
203 576-7400, ext. #7
203 576-8255 fax
E-Mail: hclibrarian@bridgeportpubliclibrary.org
Website

The Brookfield Library
182 Whisconier Road
Brookfield, Connecticut 06804
203-775-6241
E-mail: info@brookfieldlibrary.org
Facebook
Website

C.H. Booth Library
25 Main Street
Newtown, CT 06470
(203) 426-4533
E-mail: dlord@chboothlibrary.org
Website

Danbury Public Library
170 Main Street
Danbury, CT 06810
203-797-4505
E-mail: comments@danburylibrary.org
Facebook
Website

Darien Library
1441 Post Road
Darien, CT 06820
203-655-1234
E-mail: askus@darienlibrary.org
Website

Easton Public Library
691 Morehouse Road
Easton, CT 06612
203-261-0134
E-mail: epl@eastonlibrary.org
Facebook
Website

Edith Wheeler Memorial Library
733 Monroe Turnpike
Monroe, CT 06468
203 452-2850
E-mail: lrhyins@ewml.org
Website

Fairfield Public Library
1080 Old Post Road
Fairfield, CT 06824
203.256.3155
E-mail: eref@fplct.org
Facebook
Website
Facebook
Website

Greenwich Library
101 West Putnam Avenue
Greenwich, CT 06830-5387
203 622-7948
Website

New Canaan Library
151 Main Street
New Canaan, CT 06840
(203) 594-5000
Website

New Fairfield Library
2 Brush Hill Road
New Fairfield, CT 06812
(203) 312-5679
Website

The Norfolk Library
9 Greenwoods Rd East
P.O. Box 605
Norfolk, CT 06058
(860) 542-5075
E-mail: norfolkdirector@biblio.org
Website

Norwalk Public Library
1 Belden Avenue
Norwalk, CT 06850
203-899-2780
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Fairfield Museum and History Center
370 Beach Road
Fairfield, CT 06824
203 259‑1598
Website
Facebook

Westport Museum For History and Culture
25 Avery Place
Westport, CT 06880
(203) 222-1424
E-Mail: archives@westporthistory.org
Website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Fairfield County. For state-wide genealogical and historical societies, see Connecticut Societies.
Bethel Historical Society
40 Main Street
Bethel, CT 06801
203-743-5893
E-mail: president@BethelHistoricalSociety.com
Facebook
Website

The Bridgeport Community Historical Society
P.O. BOX 1956
Bridgeport, CT 06601-1956
E-mail: audreywpca@gmail.com
Facebook
Website

Brookfield Museum and Historical Society
165 Whisconier Road
P.O. Box 5231
Brookfield, CT 06804
203 740-8140
E-Mail: brookfieldhistsoc@snet.net
Website

Danbury Museum and Historical Society
43 Main Street
Danbury, CT 06810
203 743-5200
E-Mail: p.wells@danbury-ct.gov
Facebook
Website

Darien Historical Society
45 Old Kings Highway North
Darien, CT 06820
203 655-9233
E-Mail:ukremer@darienhistorical.org
Website
Gaelic American Club, Inc.
74 Beach Rd
Fairfield, CT 06824
Website

Genealogy Club of Newtown, Connecticut
25 Main Street
Newtown, CT 06470
203 426-4533
E-Mail:newtowngenealogy@yahoo.com
Facebook

Greenwich Historical Society
47 Strickland Road
Cos Cob, CT 06807
203-869-6899
E-mail: cpandolfino@greenwichhistory.org

Historical Society of Easton
P.O Box 121
Easton, CT 06612
203 292-3533
E-mail: hseastonct@gmail.com
Facebook
Website

Middlesex Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 1111
Darien, CT 06820
203-964-4727
E-Mail: stevenaanderson@gmail.com
Website

Monroe Historical Society
PO Box 212
Monroe, CT 06468
203-261-1383
E-mail: society@monroecthistory.org
Website

New Canaan Historical Society
13 Oenoke Ridge Road
New Canaan, CT 06840
203 966-1776
203 972-5917 fax
E-Mail:info@nchistory.org
Website

New Fairfield Historical Society
2 Brush Hill Road
New Fairfield, CT 06812
(203) 312-5679
E-mail: mkaa4@aol.com
Website

Norfolk Historical Society
13 Village Green
P.O. Box 288
Norfolk, CT 06058
860-542-5761
E-mail: info@norfolkhistoricalsociety.org
Website

Newtown Historical Society
P.O. Box 189
Newtown, Connecticut 06470
203-426-5937
E-mail: info@newtownhistory.org
Website

Norwalk Historical Society
P.O. Box 1640
Norwalk, CT 06852
(203) 846-0525
E-mail: info@norwalkhistoricalsociety.org
Website

Redding Historical Society
P.O. Box 1023
43 Lonetown Road
Redding Center, CT 06875
E-Mail: reddinghistoricalsociety@gmail.com
Website

Ridgefield Historical Society
4 Sunset Lane
Ridgefield CT 06877
203 438-5821
Email::ridgefieldhistory@sbcglobal.net
Website

Shelton History Center
PO Box 2155
70 Ripton Rd.
Shelton, CT 06484
203-925-1803
Website

Sherman Historical Society
10 Route 37 Center
Sherman, CT 06784
860-354-3083
E-Mail: office@shermanhistoricalsociety.org
Website

Stamford Historical Society
1508 High Ridge Rd
Stamford, CT 06903
(203) 329-1183
E-Mail: history@stamfordhistory.org
Website

Stratford Historical Society
Box 382
Stratford, CT 06615
(203) 378-0630
E-Mail: judsonhousestfd@aol.com
Website

Trumbull Historical Society
P.O. Box 312
1856 Huntington Turnpike
Trumbull, CT 06611
(203) 377-6620
E-Mail: ​trumbullhistory@gmail.com
Website

Weston Historical Society
P.O. Box 1092
104 Weston Road
Weston, CT 06883
(203) 226-1804
E-Mail: info@westonhistoricalsociety.org
Website

Wilton Historical Society
224 Danbury Road
Wilton, CT 06897
203-762-7257
E-Mail: info@wiltonhistorical.org
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfield County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Connecticut 04/27/2017.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fairfield County, Connecticut . Page 113 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 104-110.
  3. Newberry
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfield County, Connecticut," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County%2C_Connecticut, accessed 25 September 2018.