Erie County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Erie County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Sandusky
Organized: March 15, 1838[1]
Parent County(s): Huron, Sandusky[2]
Neighboring Counties
Ottawa  • Sandusky  • Huron  • Lorain
See County Maps
Ohio, Erie County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Map of Ohio highlighting Erie County.PNG

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for the Erie tribe, whose name was their word for "wildcat". [3] It is located in the North-central area of the state.[4]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Erie County Courthouse
323 Columbus Avenue
Sandusky, OH 44870
Phone: 419-627-7705
Erie County Courthouse

Erie County Recorder's Office
Land Records
247 Columbus Avenue; Suite 225
Sandusky, OH 44870
Phone: 419-627-7686

County Health Department has birth records from 1908, death and burial records;
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1870;
County Recorder has land records[5]

Erie County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1856 1838 1856 1838 1837 1838 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Erie County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 12,599
1850 18,568 47.4%
1860 24,474 31.8%
1870 28,188 15.2%
1880 32,640 15.8%
1890 35,462 8.6%
1900 37,650 6.2%
1910 38,327 1.8%
1920 39,789 3.8%
1930 42,133 5.9%
1940 43,201 2.5%
1950 52,565 21.7%
1960 68,000 29.4%
1970 75,909 11.6%
1980 79,655 4.9%
1990 76,779 −3.6%
2000 79,551 3.6%
2010 77,079 −3.1%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

The Connecticut Western Reserve Genealogy was a part of northeast Ohio originally intended for settlement by Revolutionary War refugees from Connecticut. William Dollarhide, and Ronald A. Bremer, America's Best Genealogy Resource Centers (Bountiful, UT: Heritage Quest, 1988), 89. FHL Book 973 J54d. The former Connecticut Western Reserve lands were in the modern counties of Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Erie, Geauga, Huron, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, and Trumbull fully, but also in parts of Ashland, Mahoning, Ottawa, Summit, and Wayne counties in Ohio.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Ottawa CountySandusky CountyHuron CountyLorain CountyOH ERIE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

War of 1812

  • Cherry, Marjorie Louise; Blockhouses and military posts of the Firelands (1968) Online at Internet Archive

Civil War

  • Civil War service men from Erie County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Erie County.
-107th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company F
-123rd Regiment, Ohio Infantry , Companies G and K

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Erie County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Erie County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Erie County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Erie County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Huron Public Library
333 Williams St
Huron, OH 44839-1640

Milan Public Library
19 E Church St
P.O. Box 1550
Milan, OH 44846

Berlin Public Library
4 E Main St
Berlin, OH 44814

Ritter Public Library
5680 Liberty Ave
Vermilion, OH 44089-1196

Sandusky Library
114 W Adams St
Sandusky, OH 44870

Kelleys Island Branch
Sandusky Library
528 Division St
P.O. Box 401
Kelleys Island, OH 43438

Museums[edit | edit source]

Erie County Historical Society Museums
P. O. Box 944
Sandusky, Ohio 44871-0944

Follet House Museum
404 Wayne St
Sandusky, OH 44870

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Erie County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Western Reserve Historical Society
10825 East Blvd
Cleveland, OH 44106
Website, Information

Erie County Historical Society
P.O. Box 944
Sandusky, OH 44871-0944

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  3.,_Ohio accessed 2/14/2017
  4. accessed 2/14/2017
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Erie County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 9 November 2018.