England, Durham Diocese, Calendar of Marriage Bonds and Allegations - FamilySearch Historical Records
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England, Durham Diocese, Calendar of Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1594-1815
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|Flag of England|
|Flag of Durham|
|Location of Durham, England|
|Location of England|
|Record Type||Marriage Bonds and Allegations|
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
This collection consists of marriage records from the Diocese of Durham, including the Allertonshire peculiar, for the years 1594-1815.
Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Until 1733, marriage bonds were written partly in Latin but the wording was standardized and is easier to decipher in the printed forms that were in use by the 1690s.
Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses, rather than having their marriage announced by banns. Other possible reasons for obtaining marriage licenses are explained in the Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales page.
Although most bonds and allegations have survived, some are in poor condition and difficult to read, especially when the microfilmed images are badly focused. Licenses themselves were not normally retained for long after being handed to the officiating minister, but a few survive with parish records.
The Bishop of Durham’s transcripts of marriage bonds and allegations for Allertonshire Peculiar includes the following Yorkshire parishes:
- Hutton Bonville
- Nether Silton
- North Otterington
For a list of parishes which historically made up this county, see the Durham Parishes page.
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To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for England, Durham Diocese, Calendar of Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1594-1815.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Names of the marriage partners
- Ages of the marriage partners
- Occupations of the marriage partners
- Marital status of the partners (whether single or widowed)
- Parish of residence
- Where the marriage was to take place
- A parent’s name or signature
- If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the name of the parent or guardian who was consenting to the marriage
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
The collection consists of calendar (chronological) typescript copy of the Diocese of Durham Marriage Bonds and Allegations. It contains men, women, and place indexes in each volume.
Sample Image[edit | edit source]
Marriage Bonds 1791
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of person you are looking for
- Approximate date of marriage
Search the Index[edit | edit source]
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View the Images[edit | edit source]View images in this collection by visiting the Collection Browse Page:
- Select Year Range
- Select Durham University Reference Number
- Select Abstract or Index to view the images
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at England, Durham Diocese, Calendar of marriage bonds and allegations, 1594-1815. Click on camera icon to see images.|
Some of the records in this collection may be written in an old script that can be challenging to read. Refer to BYU’s Script Tutorial for assistance with reading the records.
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
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What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Add any new information to your records
- Save or print a copy of the image if possible
- If an age is found, use that date to estimate a birth year and search for a birth record
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- Continue to search the index for people with the same surname to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Check for variants of given names and surnames
- Simple clerical errors were always possible
- Spelling was not standardized for much of the period of this collection, so pay special attention to how the name should have been pronounced and try variations on the pronunciation
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- Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name, surname, or expand the date range to return a broader list of possible matches
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Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Durham.
Known Issues[edit | edit source]
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
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The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
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