El Paso County, Colorado Genealogy

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Guide to El Paso County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Colorado Springs
Organized: November 1, 1861
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Crowley  • Douglas  • Elbert  • Fremont  • Lincoln  • Pueblo  • Teller
See County Maps
Location Map
Colorado El Paso County.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named of "the pass," referring to the Ute Pass west of Colorado Springs.[2] The county is located in the central area of the state on the Front Range.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

El Paso County Courthouse
270 S. Tejon Street
Colorado Springs, CO 80901
El Paso County Website

County Clerk has marriage and land records from 1861 and military discharge records from 1919;
Clerk District Court has divorce and probate records;
County Court has court records[4]

El Paso County, Colorado Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1890 1861 1893 1861 1861 1861 1860
*Statewide registration for births in 1910 and deaths in 1910. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of El Paso, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

In 1860, present-day Colorado was enumerated in the Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah Territories. Colorado Territory was created in 1861 and was enumerated as such in the 1870 Census. A state census was taken in 1885 for Colorado.[8] See links listed below.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 987
1880 7,949 705.4%
1890 21,239 167.2%
1900 31,602 48.8%
1910 43,321 37.1%
1920 44,027 1.6%
1930 49,570 12.6%
1940 54,025 9.0%
1950 74,523 37.9%
1960 143,742 92.9%
1970 235,972 64.2%
1980 309,424 31.1%
1990 397,014 28.3%
2000 516,929 30.2%
2010 622,263 20.4%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State and Territory Census Records[edit | edit source]

Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]

The 1880 Census was the first Federal Census for Colorado after it became a state in 1876.[9] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Colorado Census.

  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at FamilySearch.org — index/images

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Online Church Records

Presbyterian Church

Lutheran Church

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Online Directories

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.

Current El Paso County, Colorado, property owners may be searched by name or address at the El Paso County Assessor's website.

Online Land Records

For more information see Colorado Land and Property

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Douglas CountyElbert CountyLincoln CountyCrowley CountyPueblo CountyFremont CountyTeller CountyCO EL PASO.JPG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Online Collections[edit | edit source]

These collections are unique to Colorado. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Colorado Military Records.

All Veterans

Civil War

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

World War II

Vietnam War

For further information see Colorado Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

For more information, see Colorado Newspapers.

Colorado Newspapers Online

  • Pikes Peak NewsFinder, provided by Pikes Peak Library District's Special Collections, contains citations to local news articles and obituaries from the Colorado Springs Gazette and Gazette-Telegraph from January 1872 to the present and other local newspapers. Free copies of articles are available online from PPLD. Ongoing project with additional sources being indexed.

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Pikes Peak NewsFinder contains citations to obituaries from the Colorado Springs Gazette and Gazette-Telegraph from January 1872 to the present and other local newspapers, including the Colorado Springs Sun and the Free Press. Free copies of articles are available from PPLD.

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Pension Records

Mining Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

See also Colorado Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [10]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Death[edit | edit source]

Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [10]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Online Records

The Colorado State Archives has put a name only Index to the El Paso County Divorce Records for the period 1903 to 1941 on-line.

All divorces and divorce records are handled by the El Paso County Courts, Colorado Judicial District 4. Please contact their office directly at 719 452-5000.

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in El Paso County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Colorado Archives and Libraries.

The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for El Paso County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths

1880-1969 El Paso County Probates
1892-1942 El Paso County Placer Mine Location Certificates
1903-1941 El Paso County Divorce
1910, 1920 El Paso County School Census Dist.11 (Colo. Spgs.)
1911 El Paso County School Census Dist. 3
1933-1936 El Paso County Old Age Pension
1946-1961 El Paso County Civil District Court

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in El Paso County. For state-wide library facilities, see Colorado Archives and Libraries.

Calhan Library
600 Bank Street Calhan
CO 80808
719-531-6333 x7013

Charles L Tutt Library
1021 N Cascade Ave
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Email: tuttspec@coloradocollege.edu

Cheyenne Mountain Library
1785 S 8th St, Suite 100
Colorado Springs, CO 80905
719-531-6333, x7001

East Library
5550 N Union Blvd
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
719-531-6333, x7014

Fountain Library
230 S Main St
Fountain, CO 80817
719-531-6333, x7002

High Prairie Library
7035 Old Meridian Rd
Peyton, CO 80831
719-531-6333, x7003

Manitou Springs Library
515 Manitou Ave
Manitou Springs, CO 80829
719-531-6333, x7004

Monument Library
1706 Lake Woodmoor Dr
Monument, CO 80132
719-531-6333, x7005

Old Colorado City Library
2418 W Pikes Peak Ave
Colorado Springs, CO 80904
719-531-6333, x7006

Palmer Lake Library
66 Lower Glenway
Palmer Lake, CO 80133
719-531-6333, x7007

Penrose Library
20 North Cascade Avenue
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
719-531-6333 x7015

Pikes Peak Library District
1175 Chapel Hills Drive
PO Box 1579
Colorado Springs, CO 80901

Special Collections contains extensive resources for research into the history of the Pikes Peak region, including books, maps, manuscripts and archives, photographs, oral histories, films, government documents, periodicals and much more.

Rockrimmon Library
832 Village Center Dr
Colorado Springs, CO 80919
719-531-6333, x7008

Ruth Holley Library
685 N Murray Blvd
Colorado Springs, CO 80915
719-531-6333, x7009

Sand Creek Library
1821 S Academy Blvd
Colorado Springs, CO 80916
719-531-6333, x7018

Security Public Library
715 Aspen Drive
Security, CO 80911
Email: spl@wsd3.org

Ute Pass Library
8010 Severy
Cascade, CO 80809
719-531-6333, x7011

Museums[edit | edit source]

Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum
215 S Tejon St
Colorado Springs, CO 80903

"The only institution researching, collecting and interpreting the robust history of Colorado Springs and the Pikes Peak region."

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in El Paso County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Colorado Societies.

African-American Historical & Genealogical Society of Colorado Springs
1620 W Bijou St
Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904
(719) 385-7920 Ext 202
Email: aahgscs@gmail.com

Manitou Springs Historical Society
517 Manitou Ave.
Manitou Springs, CO 80829
Email: ManitouHeritage@gmail.com

Negro Historical Association of Colorado Springs, (NHACS)
5180 Mountain Villa Grove
Colorado Springs, CO 80917

Old Colorado City Historical Society and History Center
1 South 24th Street
Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904
Email: info@occhs.org

Palmer Lake Historical Society
66 Lower Glenway
PO Box 662
Palmer Lake, CO 80133
Email: PLHSPresident@gmail.com

Pikes Peak Genealogical Society
PO Box 1262
Colorado Springs, CO 80901

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "El Paso County, Colorado Genealogy and History", http://genealogytrails.com/colo/elpaso/ 6/28/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "El Paso, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Paso_County,_Colorado 6/28/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), El Paso County, Colorado. Page 98 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), El Paso County, Colorado. Page 98 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 92.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "El Paso County, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Paso_County,_Colorado, accessed 28 May 2017.
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 51-54; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 86. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  9. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 54.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08. http://www.colorado.gov