Defiance County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Defiance County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Defiance
Organized: April 7, 1845
Parent County(s): Henry, Paulding, Williams[1]
Neighboring Counties
Paulding  • Putnam  • Henry  • Williams  • DeKalb (IN)  • Allen (IN)
See County Maps
Defiance County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH defiance.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named after an early Army fortification, Fort Defiance. It is located in the Northwest area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Defiance County Courthouse
665 Perry Street
Defiance, Ohio 43512
Phone: 419-782-5931
Defiance County Courthouse

County Recorder has birth and death records 1867-1908, marriage records from 1845, land records from 1843, probate records from 1845, divorce and court records 1800’s, naturalization records 1872-1903 and military discharge records 1865-1973;
County Health Department has birth and death records from 1908[3]

Defiance County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1845 1867 1845 1843 1845 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Defiance County: [6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Moats
  • Rosedale
  • Six Corners
  • The Bend

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Defiance County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 6,966
1860 11,886 70.6%
1870 15,719 32.2%
1880 22,515 43.2%
1890 25,769 14.5%
1900 26,387 2.4%
1910 24,498 −7.2%
1920 24,549 0.2%
1930 22,714 −7.5%
1940 24,367 7.3%
1950 25,925 6.4%
1960 31,508 21.5%
1970 36,949 17.3%
1980 39,987 8.2%
1990 39,350 −1.6%
2000 39,500 0.4%
2010 39,037 −1.2%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Williams CountyHenry CountyPutnam CountyPaulding CountyDeKalb CountyAllen CountyOH DEFIANCE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Defiance County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Defiance County.

- 100th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company D
- 111th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies E and F

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Defiance County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Defiance County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Defiance County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Defiance County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Defiance Public Library System
320 Fort St
Defiance, Ohio 43512

Museums[edit | edit source]

AuGlaize Village Museum
12298 Krouse Rd
PO Box 801
Defiance, OH 43512

Andrew L. Tuttle Memorial Museum
514 W 3rd St
Defiance, OH 43512

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Defiance County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Defiance County Historical Society
Region 1
PO Box 801
Defiance, OH 43512-0801

Defiance County Genealogical Society
PO BOX 7006
Defiance, OH 43512-7006

Hicksville Historical Society
PO Box 162
Hicksville, OH 43526

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. accessed 2/14/2017
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Defiance County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 8 November 2018.