Decatur County, Indiana Genealogy

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Guide to Decatur County, Indiana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Greensburg
Organized: 1822
Parent County(s): Unorganized territory
Neighboring Counties
Rush  • Franklin  • Ripley  • Jennings  • Bartholomew  • Shelby
See County Maps
Indiana, Decatur County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Indiana, Decatur County Locator Map.png
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Stephen Decatur

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Decatur County was named for Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr., a naval officer in the First and Second Barbary Wars, and in the War of 1812. Decatur was mortally wounded in a duel in 1820.[1] The county is located in the southeastern area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Decatur County Courthouse
150 Courthouse Square Suite 5
Greensburg, In 47240
Phone: 812-663-8223
County Website

Decatur County Health Department
801 North Lincoln Street
Greensburg, IN, 47240
Health Officer: Arthur Alunday, MD
Phone Number: 812-663-8301
Fax: 812-663-4174
Health Department

County Clerk has marriage record from 1822, divorce, probate and court records.
Board of Health has birth and death records. [3]
Health Department has birth records and death records.
Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Decatur County, Indiana Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1882 1822 1882 1822 1822 1822 1807
*Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • Parent Counties: Formed in 1821 from unorganized territory. [5]
  • County Seat: Greensburg [6]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]


Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Decatur County, Indiana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Decatur County census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 5,887
1840 12,171 106.7%
1850 15,107 24.1%
1860 17,294 14.5%
1870 19,053 10.2%
1880 19,779 3.8%
1890 19,277 −2.5%
1900 19,518 1.3%
1910 18,793 −3.7%
1920 17,813 −5.2%
1930 17,308 −2.8%
1940 17,722 2.4%
1950 18,218 2.8%
1960 20,019 9.9%
1970 22,738 13.6%
1980 23,841 4.9%
1990 23,645 −0.8%
2000 24,555 3.8%
2010 25,740 4.8%
Source: "".

Index to Defective, Dependent & Delinquent Census for Decatur County, Indiana (1880) at Indiana Genealogical Society ($)

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

  • African Methodist Episcopal Church (Greensburg, Indiana), Negro Cemetery (Clarksburg, Indiana), Decatur County (Indiana). Historian, Black history, Decatur County, Indiana,'(Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1987 ) FHL US/CAN Film 1531735 Item 18 FHL Collection
  • Baldwin, Jane (Main Author), Baker, Ray Stannard, b. 1870 (Added Author), A history of the Negro in Decatur County, Indiana, (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1987) FHL US/CAN Film 1531732 Item 6 FHL Collection
  • Underground Railroad Sites: Decatur County Historic Preservation & Archaeology. IN Gov DNR

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the Decatur County courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Decatur County. County histories may include biographies; church, school and government histories; and military information. For more information about local histories, see Indiana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Shelby CountyRush CountyFranklin CountyRipley CountyJennings CountyBartholomew CountyIN DECATUR.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Decatur County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Decatur County.

Civil War Books:

  • "Civil War," in "Military Record," Chapter 17 of Harding, Lewis A. 1915. History of Decatur County, Indiana its people, industries and institutions, with biographical sketches of representative citizens and genealogical records of many of the old families. (Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen.) (page 420-464, Regiment, Companies,Name's) Online at: FamilySearch Digital Book; 977.216 H2h v. 1, 977.216 H2h v. 2 FHL US/CAN Book FHL Collection; other library Vol. 1 Intertnet Archive; Vol.2 Internet Archive

World War I

World War II, 1941-1945

  • Decatur County, Indiana World War II Casualties, Army and Army Air Corps -AccessGenealogy

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indiana newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Indiana newspaper information see the wiki page Indiana Newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the Decatur County courthouse. For more information, see Indiana Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

School Records

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Decatur County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Decatur County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Willard Library
21 First Avenue
Evansville, IN 47710
Phone: 812-425-4309

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Decatur County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Societies.

Historical Society of Decatur County
P.O. Box 143
222 North Franklin Street
Greensburg, IN 47240
Phone: 812-663-2764

Tri-Genealogical Society
C/O Willard Library
21 First Avenue
Evansville, IN 47710

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Decatur County, Indiana Genealogy and History”, accessed 3/02/2017.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Decatur County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Indiana accessed 3/02/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Decatur County, Indiana" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Indiana (accessed 2 August 2013).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Decatur County, Indiana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 06 December 2019.