Deaf Smith County, Texas Genealogy

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Guide to Deaf Smith County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Deaf Smith County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Deaf Smith County
Location in the state of Texas, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded August 21, 1876
County Seat Hereford
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Erastus "Deaf" Smith[4] (1787–1837), a partially deaf scout and soldier who served in the Texas Revolution and was the first to reach the Alamo after its fall. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Deaf Smith County Courthouse
235 E. 3rd St., Room 203
Hereford, TX 79045-5515
Phone 806-363-7077 - 806-364-1746

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage, probate and court records from 1891,
land records from 1882 and military discharge records
from 1919; District Clerk has divorce records and doctor
records from 1903[2]

The County Clerk's Office is the record keeper of the county. The county records include birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, military discharges, land records, real estate records, property records, probate, and civil filings.

The Deaf Smith County Clerk has court records, land records, probate records, and marriage records from 1890, as well as birth and death records from 1903.

County Clerk

235 E. 3rd Rm. 203
Hereford 79045
Phone: 806-363-7077
Fax: 806-363-7023

District Clerk

235 E. 3rd Rm. 304
Hereford 79045
Phone: 806-364-3901
Fax: 806-363-7007

Deaf Smith County, Texas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1903 1891 1903 1891 1882 1891 1829
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1903. General compliance by the 1930s.

History[edit | edit source]

Deaf Smith County was named for Erastus "Deaf" Smith, a famous scout of the Texas Revolution.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

Deaf Smith County was created 21 August 1876 from Bexar District, but was not organized until 1 December 1890.

  • County seats:
  1. 1890-1898- LaPlata
  2. 1898-present- Hereford [4][5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities

‡This populated place also extends into New Mexico

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Castro  • Curry County, New Mexico  • Oldham  • Parmer  • Quay County, New Mexico  • Randall

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
Linkpendium WorldCat Tombstone Project
BillionGraves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
BillionGraves TX Gravestones
TXGenWeb Interment
Names in Stone FamilySearch Places
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

Additional Cemetery Sources

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
Source: "".

Churches[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Deaf Smith County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • Deaf Smith County History - TXGenWeb
  • The land and its people, 1876-1981: Deaf Smith County, Texas, 1982 by the Deaf Smith County Historical Society, a history book featuring local history, photographs, illustrations, and biographies. Digital book online from The Portal to Texas History.
  • A History of Deaf Smith County, 1964, by Bessie Patterson. Digital book on line from the Portal to Texas History.
  • Hereford, Deaf Smith County, Hustlin' Heritage 75, 1973 by the Hereford Jubilee Book Committee, a brief history of the town of Hereford with pages devoted to individuals, organizations, and businesses. Digital book online from the Portal to Texas History.
  • Hereford, Deaf Smith County, Texas, 1970 by the Hereford Chamber of Commerce, a brief sketch of the city of Hereford, Texas with photographs. Digital book online from the Portal to Texas History.
  • Hereford Tornado, 1971, by Mike Waltrip, a brief description of the damages caused by the tornado that hit Hereford, Texas on April 19, 1971, followed by photographs of the damage that occurred throughout the town. Digital book online from the Portal to Texas History.
  • Deaf Smith County History from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • Texas Museums ~ List of all museums in Texas ~ Hidden Ancestors

Maps[edit | edit source]

Quay CountyCurry CountyOldham CountyPotter CountyRandall CountyCastro CountyParmer CountyTX DEAF SMITH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Mexican-American War[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Deaf Smith County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Photographs[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records of Texas, United States Genealogy have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

The Deaf Smith County Clerk probate records. They are located at 235 E. 3rd St., Room 203, Hereford, TX 79045-5515; Telephone: 806-363-7077 .

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

  • 1890-1976 Texas Death Records 1890 – 1976 with images - How to Use this Collection
    Name index and images of statewide death certificates, 1890 to 1976. The name index has been created by FamilySearch and is tied to images of the Texas death certificates. Few certificates are available prior to 1903
Divorce[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Deaf Smith County Genealogical Society
211 East 4th St.
Hereford 79045

Deaf Smith County Historical Museum
400 Sampson Street
PO Box 1007
Hereford, TX 79045
Telephone Number:806-363-7070

Deaf Smith County Library
211 E 4th St
Hereford, TX 79045
Telephone Number: 806-364-1206

  • Society Hill ~ Links and addresses to Texas genealogical and historical societies

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • TXGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the county.
  • Hidden Ancestors Information on Texas genealogy research as well as genealogy research in general.
  • FamilySearch Catalog The catalog is genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) This catalog is different than the indexed Historical Records.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Deaf Smith County, Texas," in,_Texas. accessed 07/30/2019
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Deaf Smith County, Texas. Page 662 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Deaf Smith County, Texas . Page 658-677 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 655-665.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Handbook of Texas Online: Deaf Smith County
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Deaf Smith County, Texas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Texas, accessed 3 April 2019.