Dallas County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Dallas County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Selma
Organized: February 9, 1818
Parent County(s): Creek Cession, Montgomery[1]
Neighboring Counties
Autauga  • Chilton  • Lowndes  • Marengo  • Perry  • Wilcox
See County Maps
Dallas County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Dallas County Alabama.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Dallas County was named for U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander J. Dallas of Pennsylvania.[2] The county is located in the south-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Dallas County Courthouse
105 Lauderdale St
PO Box 327
Selma, AL 36702
Phone: 874-2523
Fax: 334-877-0637
Dallas County Website

Probate Judge has marriage records from 1818
Divorce Records from 1917
Probate Records from 1821 and land records from 1820[4]

Dallas County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1922 1818 1922 1821 1820 1821 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1818--Dallas County was created 9 February 1818 from Montgomery County and the Creek Cession of 1814.
  • County seat: Selma[6]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Dallas County:[7]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Dallas, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 6,003
1830 14,017 133.5%
1840 25,199 79.8%
1850 29,727 18.0%
1860 33,625 13.1%
1870 40,705 21.1%
1880 48,433 19.0%
1890 49,350 1.9%
1900 54,657 10.8%
1910 53,401 −2.3%
1920 54,697 2.4%
1930 55,094 0.7%
1940 55,245 0.3%
1950 56,270 1.9%
1960 56,667 0.7%
1970 55,296 −2.4%
1980 53,981 −2.4%
1990 48,130 −10.8%
2000 46,365 −3.7%
2010 43,820 −5.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes


  • Jackson, Walter M. The First Hundred Years: A History of the Selma Baptist Church of Christ, Commonly Known as the First Baptist Church of Selma. Selma, Ala., 1942. Digital version at Ancestry $


  • Fry, Anna M. Gayle. Memories of Old Cahaba. Nashville, Tenn.: Printed for the author by the Publishing House of the M.E. Church, 1908. Digital version at Ancestry $

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Dallas County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

  • Memories of Old Cahaba 1908. by Anna M. Gayle Fry. Nashville, TN: Publishing House of M.E. Church, South. Online at: Ancestry — index & images ($)

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

PerryChiltonAutaugaLowndesWilcoxMarengoAL DALLAS.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Dallas County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Dallas County:

- 2nd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company I
- 3rd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company D (formerly Jackson County Mounted Rifles)
- 3rd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company F (formerly Murphy's Independent Co.)
- 3rd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company I (formerly Lenoir County Cavalry)
- 3rd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company K
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A (Governor's Guard)
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C
- 5th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A (subsequently, Company F)
- 7th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H (Mounted)
- 8th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D (Independent Blues)
- 20th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B
- 28th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company I
- 44th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A and G
- 51st Regiment, Alabama Partisan Rangers, Company I
- 58th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H

Civil War Battle Fought in Dallas County

  • 1865 - April 2, Selma

Battle information from Civil War Battle Summaries by State, by the Heritage Preservation Services. Map showing Civil War battles in Alabama, by the Heritage Preservation Services.

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Dallas County lists six books, but books 4 and 6 appear to be duplicates of Volume 5.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry $

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Alabama Department of Archives and History
624 Washington Ave
PO Box 300100
Montgomery, AL 36104
Email: mark.palmer@archives.alabama.gov

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Dallas County. For state-wide library facilities, see Alabama Archives and Libraries.

Selma Dallas County Public Library
1103 Selma Avenue
Selma, AL 36701
Email: becky@selmalibrary.org

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Black Belt African American Genealogical and Historical Society
PO Box 971
Selma, AL 36702
Email: info@bbaaghs.org

Selma-Dallas County Historic Preservation Society
PO Box 586
Selma, AL 36702-0586
Email: president@historicselma.org

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Dallas County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ala/dallas/ 06/02/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Dallas, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dallas_County,_Alabama 06/02/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Dallas County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dallas_County,_Alabama, accessed 10 October 2018.