Cumberland County, Tennessee Genealogy

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Guide to Cumberland County, Tennessee ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Crossville
Organized: November 16, 1855
Parent County(s): White, Bledsoe, Rhea, Roane, Morgan, Putnam, Van Buren[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bledsoe  • Fentress  • Morgan  • Putnam  • Rhea  • Roane  • Van Buren  • White
See County Maps
Cumberland County Tennessee courthouse.jpg
Location Map
TN Location of Cumberland County.PNG
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County was named for the Cumberland Mountains. The county is located in the central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County Courthouse
2 North Main Street
Crossville, TN 38555
Cumberland County Website Phone: 931-484-6165
County Clerk Phone: 931-484-6442
Circuit Court Clerk Phone: 931-484-5852
Clerk and Master Phone: 931-484-4731
Register of Deeds Phone: 931-484-5559

County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1905.
Clerk and Master and Clerk of the Circuit Court have divorce records.
Register of Deeds has land records.[3]

Cumberland County, Tennessee Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914 1905 1914 1897 1854 1904 1810
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1914. General compliance by 1927.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1905 Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.[5]

  • Marriages recorded between 1855 and 1904 are lost
  • Probate records 1855 to 1904 are lost
  • All other records, except deeds, destroyed in 1905 fire [6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Additional Information

Cumberland Mountains, Cross Mountain, Tenn.

The county is named after the Cumberland Mountains.[9]

Sequatchie Valley

Border county between East and Middle Tennessee. Part of the Sequatchie Valley.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Cumberland County, Tennessee online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Tennessee Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 3,460
1870 3,461 0.0%
1880 4,538 31.1%
1890 5,376 18.5%
1900 8,311 54.6%
1910 9,327 12.2%
1920 10,094 8.2%
1930 11,440 13.3%
1940 15,592 36.3%
1950 18,877 21.1%
1960 19,135 1.4%
1970 20,733 8.4%
1980 28,676 38.3%
1990 34,736 21.1%
2000 46,802 34.7%
2010 56,053 19.8%
Source: "".

1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 federal population censuses of Cumberland County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Cumberland County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files. The USGenWeb Census Project®


Tennessee, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1810-1891 at Ancestry ($)



  • Kirkeminde, Patricia Barclay. 1870 Census of Cumberland County, Tennessee. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 1984. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 X2k.


  • Sistler, Byron and Samuel D. Sistler. 1880 Census, Cumberland County, Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: Byron Sistler & Associates, 1992. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 X2s.

1890 Lost, but substitutes are available:

  • Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. 8 vols. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2r v. 5 1891. Cumberland County is included in Vol. 5.
  • Sistler, Byron H. and Barbara Sistler. 1890 Civil War Veterans Census, Tennessee. Evanston, Ill.: Byron Sister and Associates, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2s 1890.

Male Voters

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Law and Legislation

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service. The TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. Online searchable index at TSLA.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Cumberland, Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 15,000 entries.

  • Compendium of Local Biography, Cumberland, County, Tennessee. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 1997?. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 D3c.


Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Fentress CountyMorgan CountyRoane CountyRhea CountyBledsoe CountyVan Buren CountyWhite CountyPutnam CountyOverton CountyTN CUMBERLAND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

War of 1812

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Men in Cumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Cumberland County:

Confederate Soldiers

Union Soldiers

Additional sources for Civil War soldiers from Cumberland County:

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at the TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Cumberland County click on the following city:

For deaths of Methodists in Cumberland County (or what later became Cumberland County) between the 1830s and the 1920s, try:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Prisons[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Genealogical periodicals can contain unique sources and can be local, regional, or statewide. The following periodicals cover this county:

  • Overton County, Tennessee Kin: Publication of the Overton County Genealogical Society, covering all the area in Overton, Fentress, and Pickett County, TN along with Monterey in Putnam County, and Clinton, Wayne and Cumberland County in Kentucky. FHL US/CAN 976.8684 B2n

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Early Cumberland County Will Books were destroyed. In 1969, the TSLA microfilmed surviving Will Books 1 to 3 (1904-1969). A copy of this film is also available at the Family History Library: FHL Film 1012523.

Online Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

The original Cumberland County Tax Books 1904-1968 are kept by the Trustee's Office at the County Courthouse. TSLA microfilmed these records.

Book Abstracts and Indexes

  • 1857-1858 - Unpaid Property Taxes, 1857 and 1858, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Summer 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 3.
  • 1858 Taxpayers, 1858, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Winter 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 1.
  • Delinquent Railroad Taxes, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Spring 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 2.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Indexes and Records

Book Abstracts and Indexes

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Cumberland County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Tennessee Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Cumberland County. For state-wide library facilities, see Tennessee Archives and Libraries.

Art Circle Public Library
154 East First Street
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 931-484-6790
Fax: 931-484-2350

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Cumberland County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Tennessee Societies.

Cumberland County Archives and Family Heritage Center
95 E. First St.
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 931-456-2006

Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 575
Cookeville, TN 38503-0575

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland, Tennessee" in,_Tennessee accessed 17 Dec 2018
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002) Cumberland County, Tennessee, p.639
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Lost Records: Courthouse Fires and Disasters in Tennessee in Tennessee State Library and Archives in Tennessee Secretary of State (accessed 13 March 2016).
  6. Robert M. McBride, Tennessee County Data (Nashville, Tennessee: Tennessee States Library and Archives, 1966), 19.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland County, Tennessee," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Tennessee, accessed 11 November 2019.
  9. "List of counties in Tennessee," Wikipedia.