Cumberland County, Maine Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Cumberland County, Maine ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Portland
Organized: 01 Nov 1760
Parent County(s): York, MA [1]
Neighboring Counties
York  • Oxford  • Androscoggin  • Sagadahoc
See County Maps
Courthouse
Maine, Cumberland County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Me-cumberland.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County was named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland. The county is located in the southwestern area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County Courthouse
142 Federal Street
Portland, Me 04101
Phone: 207-871-8384
Cumberland County Website

County Clerk has death, probate and land records from 1760. City or Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death and burial records. [3]

Cumberland County, Maine Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1892 1892 1760 1760 1760 1760 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1892. General compliance year unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1908 A fire in January at the Portland City Hall destroyed some records. County records from about 1807-1907 were destroyed. City records were saved. [5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • Parent County: Created from York County, on November 1, 1760. [6]
  • County seat: Portland[7]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

MaineCumberland CountyYork CountyOxford CountyAndroscoggin CountyKennebec CountySagadahoc CountyHarrisonBridgtonNaplesCascoRaymondNew GloucesterGrayPownalNorth YarmouthYarmouthFreeportBrunswickHarpswellChebeague IslandLong IslandCumberlandFalmouthWestbrookPortlandSouth PortlandCape ElizabethScarboroughGorhamWindhamFrye IslandStandishBaldwinSebagoOld Orchard BeachSacoBiddefordArundelLymanDaytonBuxtonHollisWaterboroAlfredShapleighActonNewfieldLimerickLimingtonCornishParsonfieldPorterHiramBrownfieldDenmarkFryeburgSwedenLovellStonehamWaterfordAlbany Township (South Oxford)NorwayParisBuckfieldHebronOxfordOtisfieldPolandMechanic FallsMinotTurnerLeedsGreeneWalesLewistonAuburnSabattusLisbonDurhamMonmouthLitchfieldWest GardinerFarmingdaleGardinerRichmondPerkins TownshipBowdoinhamBowdoinTopshamWoolwichBathWest BathPhippsburg
Modern town borders in Cumberland County, Maine.


For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this census area:[8]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Biographical review: this volume contains biographical sketches of leading citizens of Cumberland County, Maine by Biographical Review Publishing Company, 1896, Boston, Massachusetts. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library, and Ancestry.com ($)

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Occupations

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Cumberland County, Maine online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Maine Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 25,530
1800 38,208 49.7%
1810 42,831 12.1%
1820 49,445 15.4%
1830 60,102 21.6%
1840 68,658 14.2%
1850 79,538 15.8%
1860 75,591 −5.0%
1870 82,021 8.5%
1880 86,359 5.3%
1890 90,949 5.3%
1900 100,689 10.7%
1910 112,014 11.2%
1920 124,376 11.0%
1930 134,645 8.3%
1940 146,000 8.4%
1950 169,201 15.9%
1960 182,751 8.0%
1970 192,528 5.3%
1980 215,789 12.1%
1990 243,135 12.7%
2000 265,612 9.2%
2010 281,674 6.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Maine denominations, view the Maine Church Records wiki page.


List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Online Court Indexes and Records

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Maine Land and Property for databases, early land grants to individuals, and more information.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Cumberland County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information, see Maine Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Cumberland CountyOxford CountyAndroscoggin CountySagadahoc CountyYork CountyME Cumberland.jpg
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War


Regiments. Civil War service men in Cumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in this county:

- 1st Regiment, Maine Cavalry
- 1st Regiment, Maine Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E and I.
- 1st Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E and I.
- 5th Regiment, Maine Infantry, Companies D, F, G and H.

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Maine tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. For databases and more information, see Maine Taxation

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

In Maine, vital records are kept by town clerks or selectmen. Although some towns have existed since the 1650s, most vital records date from about 1700. The vital statistics are often arranged by family. For more information, see the Wiki page for the town and the Wiki page, Maine Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]


Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Cumberland Historical Society
Website
Maine Genealogy
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Newberry
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland County, Maine" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland_County,_Maine."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, Maine page 304, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, Maine. Page 304-305 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 275.
  5. Portland, ME City Hall Fire, Jan 1908 http://www.gendisasters.com/maine/5858/portland-me-city-hall-fire-jan-1908
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Massachusetts.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland_County, Maine," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland_County,_Maine, accessed 27 February 2019.