Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Crawford County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Bucyrus
Organized: April 1, 1826[1]
Parent County(s): Delaware
Neighboring Counties
Seneca  • Huron  • Richland  • Morrow  • Marion  • Wyandot
See County Maps
Crawford County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH crawford.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Colonel William Crawford, a soldier during the American Revolution. It is located in the Mid-Central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Crawford County Courthouse
112 E. Mansfield St.
Bucyrus, Ohio 44820
Phone: 419-562-5876
Crawford County Website

City and County Health Department has birth and death records from 1908;
Probate Judge has birth and death records 1867-1908, marriage and probate records from 1831;
County recorder has land records;
Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1834[3]

Crawford County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1908 1831 1908 1834 1816 1831 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1831 A courthouse fire may have damaged or destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Crawford County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 4,791
1840 13,152 174.5%
1850 18,177 38.2%
1860 23,881 31.4%
1870 25,556 7.0%
1880 30,583 19.7%
1890 31,927 4.4%
1900 33,915 6.2%
1910 34,036 0.4%
1920 36,054 5.9%
1930 35,345 −2.0%
1940 35,571 0.6%
1950 38,738 8.9%
1960 46,775 20.7%
1970 50,364 7.7%
1980 50,075 −0.6%
1990 47,870 −4.4%
2000 46,966 −1.9%
2010 43,784 −6.8%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes



Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Seneca CountyHuron CountyWyandot CountyMarion CountyMorrow CountyRichland CountyOH CRAWFORD.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War servicemen from Crawford County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Crawford County.

- 1st Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery (a battery is like a company in an artillery regiment)
- 57th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company I
- Crawford County. Auditor. Civil war bounties, 1861-1862

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Crawford County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Crawford County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Crawford County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Crawford County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Bucyrus Public Library
200 E Mansfield St
Bucyrus, OH 44820-2381

Crestline Public Library
324 N Thoman St
Crestline, OH 44827-1410

New Washington Branch
Crestline Public Library
106 W Mansfield St
P.O. Box 250
New Washington, OH 44854

Galion Public Library Association
123 N Market St
Galion, OH 44833-1979

Mohawk Community Library
200 S Sycamore Ave
P.O. Box 9
Sycamore, OH 44882-0009

Museums[edit | edit source]

The Bucyrus Historical Society and Museum
P.O. Box 493
202 S Walnut St
Bucyrus, OH 44820

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Crawford County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Crawford County Chapter OGS
P.O. Box 1033
Bucyrus, OH 4482

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Newberry
  2. accessed 2/14/2017
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002
  6. Newberry
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Coshocton County, Ohio County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 7 November 2018.