Conway County, Arkansas Genealogy

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Guide to Conway County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Morrilton
Organized: October 20, 1825
Parent County(s): Pulaski [1]
Neighboring Counties
Faulkner  • Perry  • Pope  • Van Buren  • Yell
See County Maps
Location Map
Cedar Falls Trail, Petit Jean State Park Conway County, Arkansas

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Henry Wharton Conway, who was the territorial delegate to the U.S. Congress.[2]It is located in the central of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Conway County Courthouse
117 South Moose Street;
Morrilton, AR 72110
Phone 501.354.9621
Conway County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1858 and probate records.
The Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and land records.[4]

Conway County, Arkansas[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914 1858 1914 1842 1825 1837 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until the 1920s

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1899 - Fire about 1899 destroyed and damaged some records. Lewisburg, situated on the Arkansas River, was subject to periodic floods, also resulting in some record loss.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1825--Conway County was created 20 October 1825 from Pulaski County.
  • County seat: Morrilton[6]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
  • Lanty
  • Solgohachia
  • Census-designated places
    • Austin
    • Bentley
    • Bird
    • Catholic Point
    • Cedar Falls
    • Gregory
    • Griffin
    • Higgins
    • Howard
    • Lick Mountain
    • Martin
    • McLaren
    • Nichols
    • Old Hickory
    • Petit Jean
    • St. Vincent
    • Steele
    • Union
    • Washington
    • Welborn
    • White Eagle

    History Timeline[edit | edit source]

    Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Conway County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [8]

    • 1803 - Up to about 1803 Conway County’s early settlers came by way of the Arkansas River and included trappers, traders, and fugitives.
    • 1803 The county was under French and Spanish rule before the Louisiana Purchase put it under American control.
    • 1825 October 20 - Conway County was created by the Arkansas General Assembly.
    • 1817-1828 - Tthe Western Cherokee occupied a reservation in Arkansas that included a great deal of Conway County.
    • 1828 - The Cherokee in Arkansas signed a treaty swapping this reservation for lands west of the territorial border.
    • 1872 - The Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad was completed through the county.
    • 1910 - The population of Conway County hit its peak.

    Resources[edit | edit source]

    Bible Records[edit | edit source]

    Biographies[edit | edit source]

    Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

    Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

    Cemeteries of Conway, Arkansas online and in print
    Tombstone Transcriptions Online
    Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
    List of Cemeteries in the County
    See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

    Census Records[edit | edit source]

    Historical populations
    Census Pop.
    1830 982
    1840 2,892 194.5%
    1850 3,583 23.9%
    1860 6,697 86.9%
    1870 8,112 21.1%
    1880 12,755 57.2%
    1890 19,459 52.6%
    1900 19,772 1.6%
    1910 22,729 15.0%
    1920 22,578 −0.7%
    1930 21,949 −2.8%
    1940 21,536 −1.9%
    1950 18,137 −15.8%
    1960 15,430 −14.9%
    1970 16,805 8.9%
    1980 19,505 16.1%
    1990 19,151 −1.8%
    2000 20,336 6.2%
    2010 21,273 4.6%
    Source: "".

    Church Records[edit | edit source]

    List of Churches and Church Parishes

    Court Records[edit | edit source]

    Directories[edit | edit source]

    Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

    Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

    African Americans[edit | edit source]

    Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

    Genealogies[edit | edit source]

    Guardianship[edit | edit source]

      • Includes Administration and guardian bonds and letters 1859-1904; Probate record index 1840-1873; Probate records 1837-1886; Wills 1826-1937.

    Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

    Local Histories[edit | edit source]

    Local histories are available for Conway County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

    • Historical Reminiscenses and Biographical Memoirs of Conway County, Arkansas. 1960. Ed. by Hugh Park. Van Buren, Arkansas : Press-Argus. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library, Ancestry ($); At various libraries (WorldCat). Reprint. Originally published: Little Rock, Arkansas : Arkansas Historical Pub. Co., 1890. Title also known as: Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Conway County, Arkansas.

    Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

    Pope CountyVan Buren CountyFaulkner CountyPerry CountyYell CountyAR CONWAY.PNG
    Click a neighboring county
    for more resources

    Migration[edit | edit source]

    Military Records[edit | edit source]

    Civil War[edit | edit source]

    Regiments. Men in Conway County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

    - 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate), Company I
    - 10th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
    - 36th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies F and I

    Men from this county served in the 1st Regiment, Arkansas Mounted Rifles (Confederate),[9] Company I; 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)[10] , Companies A, B, C, D, G, H, K, and L; 31st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and G.[11]

    Online Records

    Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

    Newspapers[edit | edit source]

    Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Conway newspapers in online catalogs like:

    Obituaries[edit | edit source]

    Other Records[edit | edit source]

    Periodicals[edit | edit source]

    Probate Records[edit | edit source]

    Online Probate Indexes and Records

    School Records[edit | edit source]

    Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

    Tax Records[edit | edit source]

    Vital Records[edit | edit source]

    Birth[edit | edit source]

    Birth Records reveal
    Yes or Maybe
     Y  M
    Name of Child Green check.png  
    Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
    Parent's Names Green check.png  
    Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
    Parent's Ages Green check.png  
    Father's Occupation Green check.png  
    Current Residence Green check.png  
    Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

    In 1877, a few county and city clerks[12] started keeping birth and death records.

    In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.


    See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

    Marriage[edit | edit source]

    Death[edit | edit source]

    Divorce[edit | edit source]

    Voter Records[edit | edit source]

    Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

    Archives[edit | edit source]

    Listed below are archives in Conway County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

    Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

    Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

    • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
    • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

    Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

    Libraries[edit | edit source]

    Listed below are libraries in Conway County. For state-wide library facilities, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

    Museums[edit | edit source]

    Societies[edit | edit source]

    Listed below are societies in Conway County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Arkansas Societies.
    Conway County Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 865
    Morrilton, Arkansas 72110

    River Valley Genealogy Society
    Farm Bureau Building
    201 E. Shady Lane
    Morrilton, Arkansas
    Telephone 501-208-4213 or 501-354-4428
    Covers: Conway, Faulkner, Perry, Pope, Yell and Van Buren counties.

    Websites[edit | edit source]

    ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
    USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
    RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
    Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
    CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
    FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

    Research Guides[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
    2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Conway County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”,
    3. Wikipedia contributors, "Conway County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas.
    4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
    5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Conway County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
    6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
    7. Wikipedia contributors, "Conway County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas, accessed 3 September 2018.
    8. Mary Ellen Guffey Brents, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 12, 2016), “Conway County.”
    9. Desmond Walls Allen, First Arkansas Confederate Mounted Rifles (Conway, Ark.: privately published, 1988), 2.
    10. Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry (Conway, Ark.: privately published, 1987), 33-92.
    11. Ronald R. Bass, History of the Thirty-first Arkansas Confederate Infantry (Conway, Ark.: Arkansas Research, 1996), 12.
    12. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
    13. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "- How to Use this Collection Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records," in FamilySearch Wiki.
    14. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at