Confederate Service Records

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United States
Civil War, 1861-1865
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Getting Started
General Topics
Personnel Types

Soldiers[edit | edit source]

Confederate soldiers may have served from a military unit raised by the Confederate Government or by an individual Confederate state. Most Confederate soldiers served with a unit raised in the community where they lived.

Compiled Service Records[edit | edit source]

The Compiled Service Records for Confederate soldiers were made by the United States Record and Pension Office in the War department, beginning in 1903. The Record and Pension Office made card abstracts from records in the War Department Collection of Confederate Records and from other borrowed documents. In addition to the cards, original documents that related only to the individual soldier were included.

The card abstracts were made from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, Union prison registers and rolls, parole rolls, and inspection reports. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. The Compiled Service Records were made in an effort to obtain as nearly complete record of military service as possible at the time.

See card examples and descriptions on

The Compiled Service Records ($) ( of Confederate soldiers are available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. Transcriptions of the records are available on FamilySearch. The service records are also available to access at no charge at any library that provides free access to Fold3.

The Family Search Historical Records online Collection has some confederate soldier records.

Compiled Service Records of Individual States[edit | edit source]

The following three collections are not needed if searching the entire collection Compiled Service Records available on They are include in that database. If you are using the records of the individual states, however, the following three collections should also be searched as they are not included in the compiled service records of the individual states.

  • Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in Organizations Raised Directly by the Confederate Government. National Archives Microfilm Publication M258. (FHL films 0880207–329) (Worldcat) (Fold3) ($) (FamilySearch). -- M258 includes records for the Indian Territory (Oklahoma). National Archives descriptive pamphlet M258.pdf
    Index. NARA M818.
  • "Compiled Service Records of Confederate General and Staff Officers and Nonregimental Enlisted Men". National Archives Microfilm Publication M331. Includes those men performing staff duties. (FHL films 0881105–379) (Fold3) ($) (FamilySearch). National Archives descriptive pamphlet M331.pdf
    Index. NARA M818.
  • "Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging to Confederate Compiled Service Records". National Archives Microfilm Publication M347. (FHL films 1402001–442) (Fold3) ($) (FamilySearch). National Archives descriptive pamphlet M347.pdf


FHL Index



FHL MicroFilm




Alabama Index M311 pdf 0880330‑837 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Arizona Territory Index M318 pdf 0536241 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Arkansas Index M317 pdf 0880849–1104 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Florida Index M251 pdf 0880103–206 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Georgia Index M266 pdf 1499064–670 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
See M258 above
Kentucky Index M319 pdf 1447468–603 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Louisiana Index M320 pdf 1447604–975, 1473206–47 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Maryland Index M321 pdf 1292663–84 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Mississippi Index M269 pdf 1488026–452 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Missouri Index M322 pdf 1500030–222 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
North Carolina Index M270 pdf 1381001–500, 1447001–80 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
South Carolina Index M267 pdf 1380691–95, 1447081–467 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Tennessee Index M268 pdf 1499671–854, 1499856–1500028, 1527065 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Texas Index M323 pdf 1501077–52 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch
Virginia Index M324 pdf 1488678–9752 Worldcat Fold3 ($) FamilySearch

Officers[edit | edit source]

The "Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army..." by Francis B. Heitman lists U.S. Army officers who joined the Confederate Army and the highest rank they attained.

Biographical Sketches

For biographical sketches and other information about officers in addition to the service records, see the following:

Sailors[edit | edit source]

Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System[edit | edit source]

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Government Records[edit | edit source]

  • U.S. Navy Department. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. 30 Volumes. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1894–1922. National Archives Microfilm Publication M275. (FHL book 973 M2unr; films 1490058–88) Similar to the official records of the armies, it is known as the ORN (Official Records . . . Navy). Its two series contain reports and correspondence on the Northern blockade of Southern ports and on matters concerning the Confederate Navy. Volume 1, series II has an index to Union and Confederate ships, statistical data, and muster rolls of confederate vessels.
The following is an index to this set:
  • Confederate Naval and Marine Personnel Records (FHL 191662-8) (NARA M260) has information about sailors and Marines abstracted from original documents, such as hospital, prison, and parole records.

Other Resources[edit | edit source]

  • The Confederate States Navy Research Guide (Worldcat) contains biographical sketches of Naval and Marine officers, naval histories of Confederate naval vessels, and a subject bibliography of sources.
  • Service Records of Confederate Enlisted Marines (Worldcat) lists name, company, enlistment date, and place along with brief service histories.

Wiki articles describing the FamilySearch online collections above are found at:

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]

  • Desmond Walls Allen. Which Henry Cook? A Methodology for Searching Confederate Ancestors. Prologue 27 (Fall,1995):
  • John P. Beeben." Confederate Court-Martial Records: An Alternate Research Strategy for Missing Case Files." NGS Magazine 41 # 1 (January-March 2015): 36-40. FHL 973 D25ngs
  • Marie Varrelman Melchiori.Searching for Confederate Soldier Records at the National Archives. NGS Magazine (July, August, September, 2005):15-18.

References and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Some of the Worlcat links may show both book and microfilm formats held. The book refers to the pamphlet that describes the microfilmed records and the microfilm format refers to the actual service records. Check with the library to be sure they have the actual records.
  2. Transcriptions only - no images.