Columbiana County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Columbiana County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Lisbon
Organized: 25 March 1803
Parent County(s): Jefferson
Neighboring Counties
Mahoning  • Stark  • Carroll  • Jefferson  • Hancock (WV)  • Beaver (PA)  • Lawrence (PA)
See County Maps
229 x 229px
Location Map
Map of Ohio highlighting Columbiana County.PNG

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Christopher Columbus. It is located in the East Central area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Columbiana County Courthouse
105 S Market Street
Lisbon, OH 44432-1255
Phone: 330-424-7777
Columbiana County Website

Court Clerk has divorce and court records.
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records.
County Recorder has land records.[2]

Columbiana County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1803 1867 1803 1798 1803 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1976 A courthouse fire may have damaged or destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Columbiana County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 10,878
1820 22,033 102.5%
1830 35,592 61.5%
1840 40,378 13.4%
1850 33,621 −16.7%
1860 32,836 −2.3%
1870 38,299 16.6%
1880 48,602 26.9%
1890 59,029 21.5%
1900 68,590 16.2%
1910 76,619 11.7%
1920 83,131 8.5%
1930 86,484 4.0%
1940 90,121 4.2%
1950 98,920 9.8%
1960 107,004 8.2%
1970 108,310 1.2%
1980 113,572 4.9%
1990 108,276 −4.7%
2000 112,075 3.5%
2010 107,841 −3.8%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Mahoning CountyStark CountyCarroll CountyJefferson CountyHancock CountyBeaver CountyLawrence CountyOH COLUMBIANA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Columbiana County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Columbiana County.

- 11th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company C
- 104th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B, C, F, G, and K
- 105th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company H

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Columbiana County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Columbiana County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Columbiana County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Columbiana County Archives and Research Center (CCARC)
129 S Market St
Lisbon, OH 44432

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Columbiana County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Carnegie Public Library (East Liverpool)
219 E Fourth St
East Liverpool, OH 43920-3143

Columbiana Public Library
332 N Middle St
Columbiana, OH 44408

East Palestine Memorial Public Library
309 N Market St
East Palestine, OH 44413

Leetonia Public Library
181 Walnut St
Leetonia, OH 44431-1151

Lepper Library
303 E Lincoln Way
Lisbon, OH 44432-1419
330) 424-3117

Salem Public Library
821 E State St
Salem, OH 44460-2298

Wellsville Carnegie Public Library
115 Ninth St
Wellsville, OH 43968-1431

Museums[edit | edit source]

Salem Historical Society Museum
208 S Broadway Ave
Salem, OH 44460

Historical Society of Columbiana and Fairfield Township Log House Museum
10 E Park Ave
Columbiana, OH 44408

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Columbiana County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

The Salem Historical Society
239 S Lundy
Mail: 208 S Broadway Ave
Salem OH 44460

The Columbiana County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 861 Dept I
Salem, OH 44460

Columbiana County Historical Association
280 S Market St
Lisbon, OH 44432

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. accessed 2/15/2017
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Columbiana County, Ohio County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 6 November 2018.