Columbia County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Columbia County, Florida ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Lake City
Organized: February 4, 1832
Parent County(s): Alachua[1]
Neighboring Counties
Alachua  • Baker  • Clinch (GA)  • Echols (GA)  • Gilchrist  • Hamilton  • Suwannee  • Union  • Ware (GA)  •
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

This county is named for Christopher Columbus (c. 1451-1506), explorer of the Americas.[2] The County is located in the North Central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Columbia County Courthouse
145 N Hernando St; PO Box 2069
Lake City, FL 32055
Phone: 386-758-1041
Columbia County Website

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records from 1943, Marriage and land records from 1875, Divorce and court records from 1892, Probate records from 1895
Public Health Unit has birth, death and burial records[4]

Columbia County, Florida Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1943 1875 1899 1892 1875 1895 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1848, 1860, 1867, and 1874 - Columbia County Courthouses were burned by arsonists and most early records were destroyed.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Columbia, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 2,102
1850 4,808 128.7%
1860 4,646 −3.4%
1870 7,335 57.9%
1880 9,589 30.7%
1890 12,877 34.3%
1900 17,094 32.7%
1910 17,689 3.5%
1920 14,290 −19.2%
1930 14,638 2.4%
1940 16,859 15.2%
1950 18,216 8.0%
1960 20,077 10.2%
1970 25,250 25.8%
1980 35,399 40.2%
1990 42,613 20.4%
2000 56,513 32.6%
2010 67,531 19.5%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing census records online, see: Florida Census.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Lake City

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Florida Territorial Land Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for most counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Clinch CountyEchols CountyHamilton CountyBaker CountyUnion CountyAlachua CountyGilchrist CountySuwannee CountyFL COLUMBIA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

  • Florida Obituaries Obituary transcriptions from Florida counties - USGenWeb Obituaries Project

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voters Registration[edit | edit source]

1845 voters registration list for Columbia County.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Florida State Archives, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Columbia County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Florida Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Columbia County. For state-wide library facilities, see Florida Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Lake City-Columbia County Historical Museum
157 SE Hernando Ave
Lake City, Florida 32025
Phone: 386-755-9096

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Columbia County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Florida Societies.

Lake City-Columbia County Historical Museum
157 SE Hernando Ave.
Lake City, FL 32025

Websites[edit | edit source]

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The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. eReferencedesk, "Columbia County," in ereferencedesk:, referencedesk 12/20/2019.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Columbia County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia 04/24/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.