Colorado Census

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Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

Colorado was settled in the latter half of the 19th Century, so the state won't be in censuses prior to 1860. Additionally, the Colorado territory wasn't organized until 1861, so people residing in the area of Colorado, during the 1860 Census, will either be listed under the Colorado, Kansas, or Nebraska territory.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900
Colorado not enumerated. FamilySearch
1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
NARA Index
FamilySearch Images
Release Date
April 1, 2032

Non-Population Schedules for Colorado[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1860 Mortality Ancestry ($) — index and images
1870 Mortality Ancestry ($) — index and images
1880 Mortality Ancestry ($) — index and images
1885 Mortality Ancestry ($) — index and images

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
1885 State FamilySearch — index and images
Ancestry ($) — index and images

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

Indian census rolls, Consolidated Ute, 1923-1939 Indian census rolls, Fort Lewis, 1904-1908
United States, Native American, Census Rolls, 1885-1940 United States, Native American, Eastern Cherokee Indian Reservation Rolls, 1848-1970

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service