Cleburne County, Arkansas Genealogy

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Guide to Cleburne County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Heber Springs
Organized: February 20, 1883
Parent County(s): White, Van Buren, and Independence [1]
Neighboring Counties
Faulkner  • Independence  • Stone  • Van Buren  • White
See County Maps
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Patrick Cleburne. It is located in the north central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Cleburne County Courthouse
301 W Main Street;
Heber Springs, AR 72543
Phone: 501.362.4620
Cleburne County website

County Clerk has marriage, probate, divorce, court, and land records from 1883.[3]

Cleburne County, Arkansas[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914 1883 1914 1883 1883 1883 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until the 1920s

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • California
  • Center Post
  • Clayton
  • East Peter Creek
  • Francis
  • Giles
  • Grassey
  • Healing Springs
  • Heber
  • McJester
  • Morgan
  • Mountain
  • North Cadron
  • Pickens
  • Pine
  • Piney
  • Poff
  • Saline
  • South Cadron
  • Sugar Camp
  • Sugar Loaf
  • Valley
  • West Peter Creek
  • Wilburn

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Cleburne County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [7]

  • 1812 - The earliest known Anglo-Americans to settle in what is now Cleburne County were John Benedict and his brothers-in-law, William, Davis, and John Standlee.
  • 1828 - The Arkansas Cherokee agreed to give up their reservation in exchange for lands west of Arkansas Territory.
  • 1850s - By midcentury, there were colonies of families who had traveled together from Kentucky or Tennessee.
  • 1861 - At the time of the Civil War, what was to become Cleburne County had fewer than 1,000 residents.
  • 1870 - The area had lost population.
  • 1880 - The county swiftly recuperated, with the population almost doubling, from 2,210 in 1870 to 4,025 in 1880.
  • 1883 January 27 - The new county was formed from parts of Independence, Van Buren and White counties.
  • 1908 - Construction of the Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad (M&NA) opened the remote valley to the world.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Cleburne, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 7,884
1900 9,628 22.1%
1910 11,903 23.6%
1920 12,696 6.7%
1930 11,373 −10.4%
1940 13,134 15.5%
1950 11,487 −12.5%
1960 9,059 −21.1%
1970 10,349 14.2%
1980 16,909 63.4%
1990 19,411 14.8%
2000 24,046 23.9%
2010 25,850 7.5%
Source: "".

Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]

Though the United States purchased Arkansas from the French in 1803, Anglo-American settlement of the area did not began in earnest until after the formal organization of the territory in 1819. Therefore, Arkansas does not appear in Federal Censuses before 1830. For links to federal census indexes, see Arkansas Census.

Territorial and State Census Records[edit | edit source]

State censuses were taken at the state-level and territorial censuses were taken by the federal government. See Arkansas Census for more information about censuses taken in Arkansas.

Church Records[edit | edit source]


Nazareth Cumberland Presbyterian Church, Quitman

  • 1878-1885 - Nazareth Cumberland Presbyterian Church, Quitman, Baptism Index 1878-1885. Batch C586771 at FamilySearch - free.
  • 1878-1895 - Nazareth Cumberland Presbyterian Church, Quitman, Marriage Index 1878-1895. Batch M586771 at FamilySearch - free.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Cleburne County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Stone CountyIndependence CountyWhite CountyFaulkner CountyVan Buren CountyAR CLEBURNE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Men in Cleburne County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 2nd Regiment, Arkansas Volunteers (Confederate), Company C
- 10th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)

Online Records

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cleburne newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
Parent's Ages Green check.png  
Father's Occupation Green check.png  
Current Residence Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1877, a few county and city clerks[8] started keeping birth and death records.

In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.


See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Cleburne County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Cleburne County. For state-wide library facilities, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Cleburne County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Arkansas Societies.

Cleburne County Historical Society
PO Box 794
Heber Springs, AR 72543
Telephone 501-362-5225

Websites[edit | edit source]

ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Cleburne County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cleburne County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Cleburne County, Arkansas" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas, accessed 2 September 2018.
  7. Evalena Berry, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 12, 2016), “Cleburne County.”
  8. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
  9. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records," in FamilySearch Wiki.
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at