Clayton County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Clayton County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Jonesboro
Organized: November 30, 1858
Parent County(s): Fayette, Henry[1]
Neighboring Counties
DeKalb  • Fayette  • Fulton  • Henry  • Spalding
See County Maps
Clayton County Courthouse; Jonesboro, Georgia.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Clayton County Map.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Augustin Smith Clayton. The County is located in the north central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Clayton County Courthouse
9151 Tara Blvd
Jonesboro, GA 30236-3694
Phone: 770-477-4565
Clayton County Website

Probate Court has birth, marriage, death and probate records.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce and land records from 1859 and court records from 1964.[3]

Clayton County, Georgia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1919 1859 1919 1964 1859 1859 1820
*Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1864 During the American Civil War the courthouse was destroyed on 19 August, but after its records had been removed to safety. Few, if any, records were lost.[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1858 Clayton County was created 30 November 1858 from Fayette and Henry Counties.
  • County seat: Jonesboro[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
  • Cordova
  • Devonshire
  • Ellenwood
  • Embrey Hills
  • Emerald Hills
  • Fernwood
  • Gatewood
  • Heatherwood
  • Hickory Hills
  • Hollydale
  • Knollwood
  • Lexington Creek
  • Maple Grove
  • Maxwelton
  • Mountain View
  • Normandy
  • Oak Forest
  • Orrs
  • Otranto Hills
  • Quail Valley
  • Rex
  • Saranac
  • Sherwood Forest
  • Springfield
  • Stanebrook
  • Steeplechase
  • Stoneridge
  • Thornhedge
  • Timberlake
  • Valley Forest
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Clayton, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 4,466
1870 5,477 22.6%
1880 8,027 46.6%
1890 8,295 3.3%
1900 9,598 15.7%
1910 10,453 8.9%
1920 11,159 6.8%
1930 10,260 −8.1%
1940 11,655 13.6%
1950 22,872 96.2%
1960 46,365 102.7%
1970 98,043 111.5%
1980 150,357 53.4%
1990 182,052 21.1%
2000 236,517 29.9%
2010 259,424 9.7%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Clayton County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Fulton CountyDeKalb CountyHenry CountySpalding CountyFayette CountyGA CLAYTON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Clayton County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Clayton County:

- 10th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company E
- 22nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company K
- 23rd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company K
- 30th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company I
- 44th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company D

  • Moore, Joseph Henry Hightower, and Alice Copeland Kilgore. 1983. A History of Clayton County, Georgia, 1821-1983. Roswell, Georgia: WH Wolfe Associates. (page 594-596) 975.8432 D2hc
  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Clayton County). 1961. Confederate pension rolls, 1890-1927. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Film 229470
  • Muster roll of Company I: 30th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry Army of Tennessee, C.S.A, Clayton County, Ga., "Clayton Invincibles". 2000. Salt Lake City, Utah: Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah. digital version

Civil War Battle
The following Civil War battles were fought in Clayton County.

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voting Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Clayton County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Clayton County. For state-wide library facilities, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Clayton County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Georgia Societies.

Genealogical Society of Henry and Clayton Counties
71 Macon Street
PO Box 1296
McDonough, GA 30253-1296

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Clayton County, Georgia" in,_Georgia accessed 31 Oct 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clayton County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 20. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Clayton County, Georgia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 4 Febuary 2019.
  8. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 13 August, 2012)
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 13 August, 2012)
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at