Chenango County, New York Genealogy

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Guide to Chenango County, New York ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

This page describes sources of genealogical data about Chenango County, New York Genealogy families, including links to smaller localities at the bottom of this page. New York, United States Genealogy-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States Genealogy pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

Chenango County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Chenango County
Location in the state of New York, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Founded March 15, 1798
County Seat Norwich
New York, Chenango County Courthouse.png
Address 5 Court Street
Norwich, NY 13815
Chenango County Website

Chenango County New York Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for an Oneida word meaning "large bull-thistle." The County is located in the south central area of the state. [1]

Chenango County, New York Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1908 1880 1798 1798 1798 1663
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1880. General compliance for births by 1915 and deaths by 1890.

St. Andrews Episcopal Church New Berlin NY.jpg

Parent County[edit | edit source]

15 March 1798: Created from Herkimer and Tioga counties.[3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating New York County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New York County Boundary Maps" (1683-1915) may be viewed for free at the website.

  • 4 April 1804: 70 square miles taken to add to Oneida County.
  • 21 March 1806: part taken to create Madison County.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Census-designated places

Chenango County New York Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories* Family History Library*** WorldCat* Tombstone Project*
Cemetery Site* Names in Stone*
New York Gravestones* Billion Graves*
NYGenWeb* FamilySearch Places
Billion Graves*
Names in Stone*
*See the New York Cemeteries page for details about each site.

Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Links to web sites with partial lists, maps and the interred of Chenango County, New York, USA cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 15,666
1810 21,704 38.5%
1820 31,215 43.8%
1830 37,238 19.3%
1840 40,785 9.5%
1850 40,311 −1.2%
1860 40,934 1.5%
1870 40,564 −0.9%
1880 39,891 −1.7%
1890 37,776 −5.3%
1900 36,568 −3.2%
1910 35,575 −2.7%
1920 34,969 −1.7%
1930 34,665 −0.9%
1940 36,454 5.2%
1950 39,138 7.4%
1960 43,243 10.5%
1970 46,368 7.2%
1980 49,344 6.4%
1990 51,768 4.9%
2000 51,401 −0.7%
2010 50,477 −1.8%
Source: "".

For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.

Federal[edit | edit source]

U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[5]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42.
  • The 1890 Census is lost. For a substitute, see directories.
State[edit | edit source]
Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925 - - - Yes - Yes - - Yes Yes
Family History Library film - - - Yes Yes Yes - Yes Yes Yes
FamilySearch image - - - Yes Yes Yes - Yes Yes Yes
New York State Library film - - - Yes Yes Yes - Yes Yes Yes

New York State 1865 and 1875 Census Marriage, Mortality; and 1865 Soldier Mortality records:

  • Images available online at New York State Census, 1865 and New York State Census, 1875. Click on the link to go to the page, then click on the ‘Browse through images’ link and select your county, then select an ancestor's town and browse to the end of the population schedule until you find the Marriage, Mortality, and 1865 soldier mortality schedules.
  • Includes marriages and deaths for the 12 months prior to the census, ending 1 June of the census year.
  • Marriage entry content: Husband's name, wife's name, ages and previous marital status, month and day and place of marriage, and church or civil ceremony.
  • Death entry content: Name, age, sex, color, marital status, month and day of death, native state or country, occupation and cause of death.
  • 1865 deaths of officers and enlisted men entry content: Name, age, marital status, citizenship status, enlistment date, original regiment, original rank, regiment at death, rank at death, promotions, death date and place, manner of death, surviving associates, and burial place.
  • Also on microfilm. See the Family History Library line in the above State Census Chart.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

  • Unpublished cemetery & church records for Chenango County. collected and compiled by Genealogical Committee Capt. John Harris Chapter FHL film 860334 Item 1

Additional Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Chenango County, New York Genealogy Church Records  in online catalogs like:

Court[edit | edit source]

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Delaware CountyOtsego CountyMadison CountyCortland CountyBroome CountyNY CHENANGO.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

  • Rootsweb message board for Chenango County, New York Genealogy has many information threads about families that resided in that county. There is a search engine that allows you to search by surname and topic.

History[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New York Land and Property for more details, especially about the papers generated in New York State by large speculative land companies.

Original land records in Chenango County, New York Genealogy began in [?dateyear?]. These records are housed at the [?repository?] in [?town?].




Additional land records can sometimes be found using these catalogs:

Maps[edit | edit source]

Migration[edit | edit source]

Catskill Turnpike.png
Migration routes for early European settlers to and from Chenango County, New York Genealogy included:[6]

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Town registers. The New York town clerks kept a bound register of all soldiers from their town serving in the Civil War 1861-1865. Registers are arranged by county, and town. Some town registers are missing. The registers include an index at the start of each town.

Content. Many register entries include full name, residence, date and place of birth, parents names, marital status, date of enlistment and muster and rank, discharges, death, or promotion.

Access. The original registers are at the New York State Archives in Albany, New York. Microfilm copies are found at the Family History Library (FHL Film 1993401-37). They are also indexed and available at ($).

Available towns. Registers are available for: Afton · Columbus · Coventry · German · Lincklaen · McDonough · New Berlin · North Norwich · Norwich · Otselic · Oxford · Pharsalia · Pitcher · Plymouth · Preston · Sherburne · Smithville · Smyrna.

Regiments. Service men in Chenango County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Broome County: [19]

- 1st Battalion, New York Light Artillery, Battery A.
- 8th Regiment, New York Cavalry, Company K.
- 10th Regiment, New York Cavalry, Companies K, L and M.
- 17th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company H.
- 17th Veteran Regiment, New York Infantry
- 19th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 20th Regiment, New York Cavalry, Companies L and M.
- 22nd Regiment, New York Cavalry, Companies E and L.
- 26th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 76th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 89th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company E.
- 90th Regiment, New York Infantry, Second Company B.
- 114th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, F, H and I.
- 157th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies A, C and F.
- 161st Regiment, New York Infantry, Company K.
- 168th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies A and H.
- 176th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company B.
- 193rd Regiment, New York Infantry, Company K.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records including original estates and wills for New York are held in the office of the county Surrogate Court beginning in 1787, or when the county was formed. Prior to 1787, most are housed at the New York State Archives. See New York Probate Records for more information about using probate records.
Content:  Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types:  Wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distribution.

Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 54.

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the county Surrogate Court.

Online Probate Indexes

Online Probate Records

Original county-by-county New York, Probate Records, 1629-1971 are available free online at FamilySearch. To access these records, click Historical Records below, then click "Browse through 1,630,900 images". Then select the county name, and then the probate records and time of interest.

  • Historical Records - Chenango County: Accounts, Orders, 1830-1859; Administration bonds, 1890-1915; Appraisal records, 1892-1902; Bond index, 1878-1915; Creditor notices, 1859-1910; Dower records, 1830-1848, 1863-1868; Estate index, 1798-1970; Final settlements, 1856-1913; Final settlements, Orders, 1871-1897; Guardianship bonds, 1890-1915; Guardianship records, 1814-1940; Letters of administration, 1811-1829, 1848-1904; Letters of administration, Letters of testamentary, 1830-1882; Letters of guardianship, 1860-1890; Letters of testamentary, 1890-1904; Minutes, Orders, 1830-1903; Orders, 1858-1909; Probate records, 1809-1912; Publication orders, 1884-1912; Sales, 1858-1901; Tax records, 1892-1907; Will and Proceeding index, 1798-1970; Wills, 1792-1901

Probate Records on Microfilm

The probate records described above may also be on microfilms like these:

Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Chenango County, New York Genealogy probate wills in online catalogs like:

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Cornell University, Guide to Historical Resources in Chenango County, New York Repositories. ([Ithaca, New York]: New York Historical Resources Center, Olin Library, Cornell University, 1982). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.777 A3. Includes index. Includes references to some family histories and genealogies.

Archives, Libraries and Museums[edit | edit source]
The Otis A Thompson-Local History Room
Guernsey Memorial Library
3 Court Street
Norwich, NY 13815
Inquiry Form

Genealogical Resources: Published genealogies, family folders, obituary indexes, local histories, city directories, vital records, cemetery records, census records, newspaper collection.

Moore Memorial Library
59 Genesee Street
Greene, NY 13778
Genealogical Resources: Chenango American newspaper, Ancestry Plus subscription, censuses, vital records, local history museum (Greene Museum).
Norwich City Historian
Hale Street
Norwich, NY
(607) 334-1218
Genealogical Resources: Records of local government officials, railroad, canal, corporations/businesses, historical events, significant people, folklore, obituaries, crime/punishment, architecture, genealogy, photos/slides/CD’s/tapes, and education (schools).
Earlville Free Library
6 North Main St.
Earlville, NY 13332
(315) 691-5931
Genealogical Resources: Local newspapers, cemetery records, school yearbooks, old photographs, local histories, and scrapbooks.
Oxford Historical Society and The Oxford Historical Museum
1 Depot Street
Oxford, NY 13830
(607) 821-1223
Oxford Memorial Library
Fort Hill Park
Oxford, NY 13830
(607) 843-6146
Afton Museum
116 Main Street

Afton, NY

Coventry Museum
Coventry, NY
Unadilla Valley Historical Museum/Mt Upton Historical Society
Route 8, PO Box 135
Mt Upton, NY 13809
Norwich Pharmacal Co. Museum
Eaton Center, 19 Eaton Avenue
Norwich, NY 13815
Northeast Classic Car Museum
NYS Route 23-24 Rexford Street
Norwich, NY
Plymouth Historical Society Depot
Plymouth, NY
County Historian's Office[edit | edit source]

Patricia E. Evans, Historian
Joan Lieb, Historical Research Assistant
45 Rexford Street
Norwich, NY 13815
Phone: (607)337-1845

The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.

Courthouses[edit | edit source]

The Chenango County Clerk's office holds marriage, divorce, court and land records. The Surrogate Court has probate records. For further information about where the records for Chenango County are held, see the Chenango County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Societies[edit | edit source]
Chenango County Historical Society
45 Rexford Street
Norwich, NY 13815-1121

Genealogical Resources: Local histories, family folders, local records, cemetery records, censuses, photographs.

Afton Historical Society
116 Main Street
Afton, NY 13730
Phone: 607-639-1110
Central New York Genealogical Society[20]
Box 104, Calvin Station
Syracuse, New York 13205
Member queries; surname research list; online resources; six meetings/year; publication: Tree Talks (At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 B2t) quarterly with annual index.
Counties served: Albany, Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Chemung, Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Erie, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Genesee, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Montgomery, Niagara, Oneida, Onondaga, Ontario, Orange, Oreleans, Oswego, Otsego, Rensselaer, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins, Washington, Wayne, Warren, Wyoming, and Yates.
Go-Won-Go Chapter
National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
Greene, New York
Guilford Historical Society
Box 201
Guilford, NY 13780
Unadilla Valley Railway Society and Museum
PO Box 791
New Berlin, NY 13411

Social Groups Online[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Town Records[edit source]

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. Vital records from 1880/1882 are kept by town and village clerks, although some (Kent’s and Putnam Valley’s) are available in the County Historian’s Office. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

  • Gordon L. Remington, New York Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002). NEHGS online edition; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 D27r. Alphabetical list including date founded, if a town history exists, church and cemetery sources, and if a Civil War register (TCR) exists.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.

Vital Records of Chenango County, New York before 1880: Marriages, Births, Deaths from Original Sources (courtesy: NYGenWeb) combined information culled from several sources to provide vital record information.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

Birth Substitutes

  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for birth information.
Marriage[edit | edit source]

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. Marriages were recorded by the Chenango County clerk starting in 1908 and go until 1935.

Marriage Substitutes

  • 1800–1855 New York Marriage Notices at Ancestry($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage notices published in newspapers around the state. Contains name of bride and groom, marriage date, marriage location, residence, and newspaper found in.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Marriage Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for marriage information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.
Divorce[edit | edit source]


All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.


All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.


All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.

Death[edit | edit source]

Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

Death Indexes

Death Substitutes

  • 1795–1952 New York Deaths and Burials, 1795-1952 at FamilySearch – free; Index. The entries are primarily from the IGI along with some entries derived from compiled and original records such as Family Records, Church Records, and Civil Registration. There may be entries that cite a specific source.
  • 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 See Mortality Schedule information in the Federal Census section of Census for death information.
  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for death information.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Mortality Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for death information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Chenango County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, Chenango– Vital Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the WorldCat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers[edit | edit source]

Chenango County New York Places[edit | edit source]

Chenango County New York Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Chenango County New York Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Chenango, New York" in,_New_York accessed 19 Nov 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Chenango County, New York. Page 488-493 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 490-492.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Chenango County, New York," in "Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_New_York, accessed 19 December 2019.
  5. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  6. Handybook, 847-61.
  7. Isaac Huntting, History of the Little Nine Partners of North East Precinct and Pine Plains, New York, Dutchess County (Amenia, NY: Chas. Walsh, 1897), 99-101. Google Book edition.
  8. List of turnpikes in New York in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 6 November 2014).
  9. Ancram Turnpike in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes (accessed 6 November 2014). The Ancram Turnpike went from Springield, MA to Catskill, NY; and was called the Catskill Road.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Almira E Morgan, The Catskill Turnpike: A Wilderness Path (Ithaca, N.Y.: DeWitt Historical Society of Thompkins County, 1971), 5. Online digital copy.
  11. Catskill Turnpike in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes (accessed 6 November 2014). The Catskill Turnpike went west from Catskill, NY to Bath, NY; the east part was called the Susquehanna Turnpike.
  12. Huntting, 97-99.
  13. List of turnpikes in New York in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 1 November 2014).
  14. Anastassia Zinke, The Susquehanna Turnpike and America's Frontier History in Catskill Mountain Foundation (accessed 1 November 2014).
  15. Joan Odess, The Susquehanna Turnpike (pdf accessed 1 November 2014).
  16. Handybook, 850-51.
  17. Handybook, 851.
  18. Bethlehem Pike in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 17 November 2014).
  19. Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  20. Central New York Genealogical Society (accessed 5 June 2018).