Carroll County, Arkansas Genealogy

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Guide to Carroll County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Berryville and Eureka Springs
Organized: 1 November, 1833
Parent County(s): Izard [1]
Neighboring Counties
Barry (MO)  • Benton  • Boone  • Madison  • Newton  • Stone (MO)  • Taney (MO)
See County Maps
Location Map
Scenic overlook in the heart of the Ozarks, Carroll County, Arkansas

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Charles Carroll, the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. It is located in the northwest area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

There are two county seats in Carroll County, with the Berryville being the main courthouse:
Carroll County Courthouse
Carroll County website

210 W Church Street
Berryville, AR 72616-4233
Phone: 870.423.2022
Eureka Springs:
44 S. Main Street
Eureka Springs, AR 72632
Phone: 870-423-2422

County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1870 and is in the courthouse in Berryville.
Clerk Circuit Court has land, divorce records from 1870 and has records located in both Berryville and Eureka Springs courthouses.[3]

Carroll County, Arkansas[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914 1870 1914 1870 1870 1870 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until the 1920s

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1869 - A courthouse fire in December 1869 destroyed all courthouse records dated up to that time.
  • 1870 - Fire burned the courthouse in 1870.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1833--Caroll County was created 1 November 1833 from Izard County.
  • County seat: Berryville[5]
  • Carroll County originally comprised most of what is today Boone, Newton, and Carroll Counties, along with a small area that is now in northeastern Pope County.
  • Part of Carroll County became Madison County in 1836.
  • Part of Carroll County became Newton County in 1842.
  • The northern part of Madison County was added to Carroll County in 1867.
  • The eastern part of Carroll County became Boone County in 1869.
  • Other minor boundary changes occurred in 1838, 1843, 1846, 1854, 1857, and 1869.

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Rudd Osage
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Arkansas County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [7]

Charles Carroll
  • 1808 - The Osage ceded their rights to northwest Arkansas to the government of the USA.
  • 1818 - The United States government established a reservation for the Western Cherokee.
  • 1828 - The reservation was given up, and the land became the property of the federal government once more.
  • 1833 - November 1, Carroll County was created
  • 1840s - William and Charles Sneed were the area’s first settlers.
  • 1840s - In the county’s early years, lumber mills appeared, farmers grew sustenance crops, and an abundance of game made for good hunting.
  • 1879 - The use of mineral springs in the western part of the county brought a rapid population increase in the area.
  • 1883 - The railroad reached Eureka Springs.
  • 1901 - Additional rail travel came to Carroll County with the completion of the St. Louis and North Arkansas line from Harrison (Boone County) to Green Forest, Berryville, and Eureka Springs
  • 1920s-1930s - Due to an economy based on agriculture, many residents had to seek employment elsewhere. Some headed to the oil fields in Oklahoma, others to California. Thus began a population decline that lasted until 1960.

See also:

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Carroll, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 2,844
1850 4,614 62.2%
1860 9,383 103.4%
1870 5,780 −38.4%
1880 13,337 130.7%
1890 17,288 29.6%
1900 18,848 9.0%
1910 16,829 −10.7%
1920 17,786 5.7%
1930 15,820 −11.1%
1940 14,737 −6.8%
1950 13,244 −10.1%
1960 11,284 −14.8%
1970 12,301 9.0%
1980 16,203 31.7%
1990 18,654 15.1%
2000 25,357 35.9%
2010 27,446 8.2%
Source: "".



  • 1840 Census Index (S-K Publications via GenWebArchives)
  • 1840 Census Index (Peggy Seidler via GenWeb Archives): Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4
  • 1840 U.S. Census, Carroll County, Arkansas. Wichita, KS: S-K Publications, [1987?]. WorldCat page
  • Worley, Ted R. United States Census (Index) Carroll County, Arkansas 1840; U.S. Census, Carroll County, Arkansas, 1850. Little Rock, AR: Arkansas History Commission, 1957. WorldCat page


  • 1850 Census (Peggy Seidler via GenWeb Archives): Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4
  • 1850 Census Index (S-K Publications via GenWeb Archives)
  • 1850 Census Index (Peggy Seidler via GenWeb Archives): Part 1 | Part 2
  • 1850 Slave Schedule (Carroll County Historical Society)
  • Crisp, Robert M. Index to Heads of Households, Carroll Co., Arkansas 1850 Census. Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas College of Engineering, 1991. WorldCat page
  • Melson, James E. Arkansas, Carroll County, 1850 Census. Muskogee, OK: Self-published, 1995. WorldCat page
  • Presley, Mrs. Leister E. Carroll County, Arkansas, 1850. Searcy, AR: Self-published, 1970. WorldCat page
  • Schunk, John F. 1850 U.S. Census, Carroll County, Arkansas. Wichita, KS: S-K Publications, 1987. WorldCat page
  • Snow, Joy L. 1850 Carroll County, Arkansas. Marshfield, MO: J.L. Snow, n.d. Family History Library
  • Worley, Ted R. U.S. Census, Carroll County Arkansas, 1850. [1959?]. WorldCat page


  • 1860 census index (Carroll County Historical Society)
  • Buckley, Sandra Johns. 1860 Federal Census Carroll County, Arkansas. Fair Play, MO: Self-published, 1991. WorldCat page



  • 1880 Census Images (GenWeb Archives)
  • 1880 Census Surname Index (Carroll County Historical Society)
  • Fayetteville Public Library Genealogy Dept. Partial Index to the 1880 Carroll County Arkansas Federal Census. Fayetteville, AR: Fayetteville Public Library, 1990. WorldCat page



  • "Census Work" (article about preparations for collecting the 1930 census), Green Forest Tribune, 22 Mar 1900 (Carroll County Historical Society)

Church Records[edit | edit source]

  • 1875-1899 Nebraska, Church Records, 1875-1899 at FamilySearch — index- How to Use this Collection
  • Flower Pentecostal Heritage Center, Springfield, MO: Eureka Springs figures prominently in the early 20th century pre-denominational history of Pentecostalism. The Flower Center houses a number of periodicals, photographs, and other archival materials pertaining to pre-World War I Pentecostalism in Eureka Springs, Carroll Co., AR.
  • Hicks, Freda Biggerstaff. Church Records of Union United Baptist Church, Carroll County, Arkansas. [AR?]: Self-published, 1989. WorldCat page

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

  • Biographies: Extensive menu, primarily from Goodspeed's history (GenWeb Archives)
  • History and Families, Carroll County, Arkansas. Paducah, KY: Turner Publishing Co., 2003. WorldCat page
  • Russell, Jesse Lewis. Behind These Ozark Hills (manuscript). Family History Library
  • York, Courtney. Arkansas Carroll County Biographies, 1889. San Jose, CA: House of York, 1971. WorldCat page
  • Biographies from The History of Carroll County, Arkansas (1889) published by Goodspeed Publishing Company are available free on the My Genealogy Hound website.

Specific families:

  • [Bunch]: Bradley Bunch (Carroll County Historical Society)
  • [Chaney]: Chaney Log House (Historic American Building Surveys at Library of Congress)
  • [Gaskins]: Gaskins, John. Life and Adventures of John Gaskins in the Early History of Northwest Arkansas: True Tales by an Old Hunter. Eureka Springs, AR: Eureka Springs Historical Museum, [1980?]. WorldCat page
  • [Usrey]: Rob & Janie (Phillips) Usrey (Carroll County Historical Society)

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

The Clerk of the Circuit Court for Carroll County, at 210 West Church Street in Berryville, has land records dating from 1870.

  • Allen, Desmond Walls. Arkansas State Donation and Swamp Lands: Baxter, Boone, Carroll, Fulton, Izard, Madison, Marion, Newton, Searcy, and Stone Counties, 1855-2001. Conway, AR: Arkansas Research, 2003. WorldCat page
  • Allen, Desmond Walls, and Bobbie Jones McLane. Arkansas Land Patents, Carroll County: Granted Through 30 Jun 1908. Conway, AR: Arkansas Research, 1991. WorldCat page
  • Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office: Land patents for Carroll County can be searched and viewed online, with scans of the original documents accessible. Searching for Carroll County patents with no particular individual's name yields 205 pages of hits.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Carroll County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Barry CountyStone CountyTaney CountyBenton CountyBoone CountyWashington CountyMadison CountyNewton CountyAR CARROLL.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Carroll County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 1st Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry (Stirman's) (Confederate), Companies A, B and C
- 14th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Powers') (Confederate)
- 16th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies D and E
- 27th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies B and C (old), Company D

Online Records

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Carroll newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]


Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

The County Clerk, at 210 West Church Street in Berryville, has probate records dating as early as 1870.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Tax records are housed at the county courthouse and at the Arkansas History Commission.

  • The Arkansas History Commission has two microfilms of Carroll County Tax records to be viewed in their research room. 1834-1838, 1840, 1841, 1844-1847, 1850-1853, 1855-1861, 1865-1868. These records are both poll and property taxes.
  • 1834 Tax List (Carroll County Historical Society)
  • Pyron, Shirley Hamby, and Juanita Norris Buell. 1890 Reconstructed Census of Carroll County, Arkansas, from 1890 Personal Property Tax Records. AR: Carroll County Historical and Genealogical Society, [1986?]. WorldCat page

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
Parent's Ages Green check.png  
Father's Occupation Green check.png  
Current Residence Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1877, a few county and city clerks[8] started keeping birth and death records.

In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.


See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

The County Clerk, at 210 West Church Street in Berryville, has marriage records dating as early as 1870.

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Carroll County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Carroll County. For state-wide library facilities, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.
Berryville Public Library
104 Spring St
Berryville, AR 72616
Telephone 870-423-2323

Eureka Springs Carnegie Public Library
194 Spring Street
Eureka Springs, AR 72632-3150
Telephone 479-253-8754
E-mail []

Museums[edit | edit source]

Eureka Springs Historical Museum
95 S Main Street
Eureka Springs, AR, 72632
Telephone: 479-253-9417

Saunders Museum
113-115 East Madison
Berryville, AR 72616
Telephone 870-423-2563

Shiloh Museum of Ozark History
118 W. Johnson Avenue
Springdale, AR 72764
Telephone 479-750-8165

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Carroll County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Arkansas Societies.

Carroll County Arkansas Historical and Genealogical Society
403 Public Square
Berryville, AR 72616
Website contains many County records including school, cemeteries, census, tax, marriage, divorce, Civil War records and more.

Northwest Arkansas Genealogical Society
Serving Benton, Washington, Carroll, and Madison Counties
Benton Public Library
405 S. Main St.
Bentonville, AR 72712
Telephone: 479 271-6820

Websites[edit | edit source]

ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Carroll County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”,
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Carroll County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Carroll County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas#Communities, accessed 30 August 2018.
  7. C. J. Miller, The Encyclopedia of Carroll History & Culture, ( : accessed January 11, 2016), “Carroll County.”
  8. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
  9. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at