Caroline County, Maryland Genealogy

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Guide to Caroline County, Maryland ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Denton
Organized: June 15, 1773
Parent County(s): Dorchester and Queen Anne's [1]
Neighboring Counties
Dorchester  • Queen Anne's  • Talbot  • Kent (DE)  • Sussex (DE)
See County Maps
Caroline County, Maryland courthouse.JPG
Location Map
Map of Maryland highlighting Caroline County.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Caroline County was named for Caroline Eden. The county is located in the east-central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Caroline County Courthouse
P O Box 207
109 Market Street, Room 123
Denton, MD 21629
Phone: 410-479-1811
Caroline County Website

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, court and land records from 1774.
Register of Wills has death and probate records. [3]

Caroline County, Maryland Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1898 1774 1898 1774 1774 1774 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1898. General compliance by the 1910s.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1890

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1773 Caroline County was created 15 June 1773 from Dorchester and Queen Anne's Counties.
  • County seat: Denton. Pig Point was the original name of the county seat, until it was renamed as Denton. [5]

For animated maps illustrating Maryland county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Maryland County Boundary Maps" (1637-1997) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Caroline County, Maryland online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Maryland Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Caroline County, Maryland Genealogy census records online, see: Maryland Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 9,506
1800 9,226 −2.9%
1810 9,453 2.5%
1820 10,108 6.9%
1830 9,070 −10.3%
1840 7,806 −13.9%
1850 9,692 24.2%
1860 11,129 14.8%
1870 12,101 8.7%
1880 13,766 13.8%
1890 13,903 1.0%
1900 16,248 16.9%
1910 19,216 18.3%
1920 18,652 −2.9%
1930 17,387 −6.8%
1940 17,549 0.9%
1950 18,234 3.9%
1960 19,462 6.7%
1970 19,781 1.6%
1980 23,143 17.0%
1990 27,035 16.8%
2000 29,772 10.1%
2010 33,066 11.1%
Source: "".

Federal Census reports available 1800-1930 including slave and veterans schedules.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church of England

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

  • Barnes, Robert W., F. Edward Wright, Vernon L. Skinner and Henry C. Peden. Colonial Families of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 23 vols. Westminster, Md.: Family Line, 1996-2003; Lewes, Del.: Delmarva Roots and Colonial Roots, 2007. FHL US/CAN Book 975.21 D2b v. 1 ff. [Caroline County families appear in Vols. 7 and 11.]
  • Genn - Hillman, Ralph E. "James Genn of Northumberland County, Virginia, and Some of His Descendants," The American Genealogist, Vol. 72, No. 1 (Jan. 1997):32-38; Vol. 72, No. 2 (Apr. 1997):101-108.
  • Wright - Wright, Charles W. The Wright Ancestry of Caroline, Dorchester, Somerset and Wicomico Counties Maryland. Baltimore: Baltimore City Printing and Binding Co., 1907. Available at FHL

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Maryland State Archives has uploaded free images and indexes to the complete series of Caroline County Deed Books (1774-present). Visit their site to find the land records that interest you: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Free registration is required.)

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Queen Anne's CountyTalbot CountyDorchester CountySussex CountyKent CountyMD CAROLINE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Caroline County men served in the 5th Maryland Regiment.[7]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. 1841. Digital version at Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. See Maryland, Caroline County on page 127.

War of 1812[edit | edit source]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. See Vol. 5, Maryland, Caroline County, pp. 139-140. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.
  • Wright, F. Edward Caroline County (Maryland) militia in the War of 1812, (1977) pages 65.

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Caroline served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Caroline:

- 1st Regiment, Maryland Eastern Shore Infantry, Company D, E, F, and G:

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

  • 1783 Caroline County Tax List of 1783: This is an alphabetical index to names to all property owners assessed. The index cards at the Maryland State Archives include county, hundred, names of tracts of land and whether individuals were paupers or single males as provided in the law.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Caroline County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Maryland Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Caroline County. For state-wide library facilities, see Maryland Archives and Libraries.

Caroline County Public Library
100 Market Street
Denton, MD 21629
Phone: 410-479-1343
Multiple locations

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Caroline County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Maryland Societies.

Caroline Historical Society
The Museum of Rural Life
Ridgely Historical Society
16 N. Second St.
Denton, MD 21629
Phone: 410-479-2730

Greensboro Historical Society
111 South Main Street
Greensboro, MD 21639
Phone: 410-482-2100

Preston Historical Society
P.O. Box 661
167 Main Street
Preston, MD 21655
Phone: 410-200-6547

Upper Shore Genealogical Society of Maryland
P.O. Box 275
Easton, MD 21601

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Maryland.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Caroline," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Maryland."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Maryland.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caroline County, Maryland. Page 317-318 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 308-309.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Maryland.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Caroline County, Maryland," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Maryland, accessed 7 August 2018.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "5th Maryland Regiment,", accessed 31 May 2012.