Caledonia County, Vermont Genealogy

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Guide to Caledonia County, Vermont ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Saint Johnsbury
Organized: November 5, 1792
Parent County(s): Orange
Neighboring Counties
 · Essex  · Lamoille  · Orange  · Orleans  · Washington  · Grafton (NH)
See County Maps
Vermont, Caledonia Courthouse.png
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Scotland, in honor of the many settlers who claimed ancestry there. The County is located in the northeast area of the state. [1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Caledonia County Courthouse
1126 Main Street
Saint Johnsbury, VT 05819
Phone: 802-748-6600
Fax: 802-748-6603
Caledonia County Website

Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death, burial and land records.
County Clerk has divorce and court records from from 1797.
Probate Judge has probate records.

Caledonia County, Vermont Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
at town creation at town creation at town creation 1797 1797 1796 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1857. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

VermontCaledonia CountyOrange CountyWashington CountyLamoille CountyOrleans CountyEssex CountyNew HampshireCoos CountyGrafton CountyGrotonPeachamDanvilleWaldenHardwickStannardWheelockSheffieldSuttonNewarkBurkeLyndonKirbySaint JohnsburyWaterfordBarnetRyegateNewburyBradfordCorinthWashingtonOrangeTopshamBarrePlainfieldEast MontpellerMarshfieldCalaisCabotWoodburyElmoreWolcottEdenCraftsburyGreensboroGloverAlbanyIrasburgBartonBrowningtonCharlestonWestmoreLowellBrightonFerdinlandEast Haven, VermontGranbyVictoryLunenburgConcordDaltonLittletonMonroeLymanLisbonSugar HillFranconiaLincolnWoodstockBentonHaverhillBathLandaffEastonBethlehem
Modern town borders in Caledonia County, Vermont.

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Towns Organized Before 1800:

  • Barnet 1763
  • Burke 1782
  • Cabot 1780
  • Danville 1786
  • Groton 1789
  • Hardwick 1781
  • Lyndon 1780
  • Peacham 1763
  • Ryegate 1763
  • Sheffield 1793
  • Saint Johnsbury 1785
  • Sutton 1782
  • Walden 1780
  • Waterford 1781
  • Wheelock 1785[7]

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Caledonia County, Vermont online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Vermont Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 9,377
1810 18,740 99.9%
1820 16,669 −11.1%
1830 20,967 25.8%
1840 21,891 4.4%
1850 23,595 7.8%
1860 21,708 −8.0%
1870 22,235 2.4%
1880 23,607 6.2%
1890 23,436 −0.7%
1900 24,381 4.0%
1910 26,031 6.8%
1920 25,762 −1.0%
1930 27,253 5.8%
1940 24,320 −10.8%
1950 24,049 −1.1%
1960 22,786 −5.3%
1970 22,789 0.0%
1980 25,808 13.2%
1990 27,846 7.9%
2000 29,702 6.7%
2010 31,227 5.1%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Jeffrey, William H. Successful Vermonters; a modern gazetteer of Caledonia, Essex, and Orleans Counties. East Burke, Vermont, The Historical Publishing Company, 1904. Internet Archives.
  • Child, Hamilton Gazetteer of Caledonia and Essex Counties, Vt. 1764-1887. Caledonia County, Vermont, Syracuse Journal Company, Printers and Binders, 1887. Google Books.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

OrleansLamoilleEssexWashingtonOrangeGrafton, New HampshireVT CALEDONIA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Regiments. Regiments and Companies:

- 4th Regiment, Vermont Infantry, Companies G and H

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Town Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Early Vermont vital records were kept on the town level, and beginning dates varied from place to place. Statewide requirements started in 1779. Statewide registration began in 1857, with town clerks sending copies of the previous year’s vital events to the secretary of state. For online indexes, collections, and more information, see Vermont Town Records and Vermont Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Caledonia County. For state-wide facilities, see Vermont Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Caledonia County. For state-wide library facilities, see Vermont Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Caledonia County. For state-wide genealogical and historical societies, see Vermont Societies.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Caledonia, Vermont" in,_Vermont accessed 5 Dec 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caledonia County, Vermont . Page 698-699 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 686-687.
  3. Caledonia
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Vermont.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Caledonia County, Vermont" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Vermont, accessed 27 June 2022.
  6. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 394. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caledonia County, Vermont, 698. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.